Population.-The statistics of population of the Pueblo tribes are not satisfactory, owing to the unreliability of some of the estimates, especially in the earliest period of Spanish exploration, due in part to the desire to exaggerate the Indian population in order to attract greater attention to the country from Spain and Mexico. The table on the opposite page, compiled from various sources, gives the population of the various Pueblos from 1630 to the present time. In some instances the figures are approximate estimates only, and may be regarded as little more than broad guesses; at other times the count was evidently closely made.
As will be seen, the table does not include the Piro and Tigua pueblos of the lower Rio Grande in Texas and Chihuahua, nor the Hopi (q. v.) of Arizona. In 1725 the total population was given at 9,747; in 1749, 11,942; in 1793, 7,455, and in 1794, 9,495. These figures include the lower Rio Grande villages. In 1885 the Indians of 19 pueblos of New Mexico, including Zuni, were reported to number 7,762. In 1887 the population of all the New Mexican pueblos was given as 8,357. From these figures it is evident that the Pueblo population has varied little during the last two centuries.
Following is a list of pueblos, now extinct or Mexicanized, which are as yet either unidentified or unclassified:
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Acoti (” birthplace of Montezuma”)
Casa del Eco
Pueblo del Arroyo
Pueblo de los Silos
San Rafael de los Gentiles
Additional Indian Pueblo Resources
The books presented are for their historical value only and are not the opinions of the Webmasters of the site. Handbook of American Indians, 1906