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The Caddo, or Cadodaquious, at present a small remnant of a tribe that once ranged over the Red River country, where they were first met with in 1687 by Jontel and other survivors of the La Salle expedition. They are now consolidated with Waco, Wichita, Keechie, Tawaconie, Ionie, and Delaware, and number 552, occupying the Wichita reservation of about 1,200 square miles in extent between the branches of the
They have now well-managed farms, and are noted for industry and general intelligence.
List of illustrations.
159-160. Sho-E-Tat. Little Boy.
English name, Geo. Washington. Born in Louisiana in 1816. Is probably the most progressive Indian on the reservation; has long since adopted the dress and customs of the whites; owns a trading-store, and has a well-cultivated farm of 113 acres, with good houses and improvements. Was captain during the rebellion of a company of Indian scouts and rangers in the service of the Confederate States army, and engaged in three battles, one on Cache Creek, Indian Territory, with Kiowa and Apache; one with Cheyenne, in the Wichita Mountains; and one on the Little Washita, with renegade Caddo.
161-162. Nah-Ah-Sa-Nah. Indian. Anadarko
Commonly known as Warloupe; probably a corruption of Guadeloupe. Was born near Nacitoches about 1825. Is now chief of the Caddo, and considered in advance of most of his people. Is doing his utmost to elevate his tribe to the standard of the white man. Height, 5.6; chest, inspiration, 37; expiration, 34½; circumference of head over ears, 21½; diameter of head from ear to ear, 14½.
With the preceding was a delegate to Washington in 1872, but died shortly after his return.