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According to the census taken, under the agency of Mr. Henry K. Schoolcraft, in pursuance of the act of Congress passed in March 1847, the following returns were made of the numbers of the Indian tribes subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
The grand total was set down at 388,229, and about 30,000 more was considered a probable estimate of tribes inhabiting districts yet unexplored. The “Ultimate Consolidated Tables of the Indian Population of the United States,” containing the results of the proposed investigation, are given substantially as follows, in Schoolcraft s “History, Condition, and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States: ”
- “Tribes whose vital and industrial statistics have been taken by Bands and Families, under the direction of the act of Congress,” including Iroquois, Algonquin, Appalachians, and Eastern Sioux 34,704
- “Tribes of the new States and Territories, South and West, including the acquisitions from Mexico, under the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo,” viz.: of Texas, New Mexico, California, Oregon, Utah, and Florida, and consisting of Camanches, Apaches, Utahs, Shoshonees or Snake Indians, &c. 183,042
- Tribes between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains, to the northward of Texas and New Mexico, viz.:
|Assinaboins, south of lat. 49 deg.||1,000||Miamies||500|
|Absarokes, or Crows||4,000||Munsees||200|
|Blood Indians (few reach the Missouri)||500||Omahas||2,000|
|Chippewas,west,and Red River, north||,l,500||Shawanees||1,600|
|Cayugas and Iroquois, west||30||Sioux of the Mississippi (not|
|Delawares||1,500||enumerated in No. 1)||9,000|
|Foxes and Sacs||2,400||Sioux of the Missouri (not|
|Gros Ventres||3,000||enumerated in No. 1)||5,500|
|Kanzas||1,600||Swan Creek and Black River|
|Kaskaskias||200||Chippewae (not enumerated|
|Menoinonies||2,500||in the Algonquin group)||200|
|Within the old States are the following remnants of ancient tribes:|
|Maine||956||Virginia Nottoways, mixed with the African race||40|
|Massachusetts||847||South Carolina Catawbas||200|
|Rhode Island Narragansetts||420||North Carolina Catawbas||250|
|Connecticut Mohegans||400||Together with Cherokees included in former table.|
|New York, besides the Iroquois before enumerated||40|