Topic: Native American Land

The Nature of the Indian Titles to Their Lands

The relation which the Indians sustain to the government of the United States is peculiar in its nature. Their independence, their rights, their title to the soil which they occupy, are all imperfect in their kind. Each tribe possesses many of the attributes of independence and sovereignty. They have their own forms of government, appoint their own rulers, in their own way, make their own laws, have their own customs and religion, and, without control, declare war and make peace, and regulate all other of their civil, religious and social affairs. The disposal of their lands is always done by formal Treaties between the government of the United States, and the tribe, or tribes, of whom the lands are purchased. They have no voice, no representation in our government; none of the rights of freemen, and participate with us in none of the privileges and blessings of civilized society. In all these respects Indians are strictly independent of the government and people of the United States. Yet the jurisdiction of the whole country which they inhabit, according to the established law of nations, appertains to the government of the United States; and the right of disposing of the soil, attaches to the power that holds the jurisdiction. Indians, therefore, have no other property in the soil of their respective territories, than that of mere occupancy. This is a common,...

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Northern Alabama Land Cessions Map

The Northern Alabama Land Cessions map was initially drawn up for a series found in the 18th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Specifically, it was created to reference the compilation by Charles C. Royce for the Indian Land Cessions in the United States. Since the map was drawn up in 1896 it only references those land cessions occurring before that year. The Northern Alabama Land Cessions map was drawn by A. Hoen & Company, Lithographers from Baltimore. Map by Cession # The map references 4 specific cessions as defined by Treaties, Acts and Agreements with Indian...

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Alabama Land Cessions Map

The Alabama Land Cessions map was initially drawn up for a series found in the 18th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Specifically, it was created to reference the compilation by Charles C. Royce for the Indian Land Cessions in the United States. Since the map was drawn up in 1896 it only references those land cessions occurring before that year. The Alabama Land Cessions map was drawn by A. Hoen & Company, Lithographers from Baltimore. Map by Cession # The map references 16 specific cessions as defined by Treaties, Acts and Agreements with Indian Tribes across...

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Alabama Land Cessions by Native American Tribes

The Native American tribes of Alabama who ceded lands to the United States Government. Included in this list, were the tribes names at the time of the cession, and present day tribal name. The maps for the table can be found beneath the table. Alabama Land Cessions MAP #MAP NameStateCountyTribe Named in TreatyPresent-Day Tribe 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Washington Choctaw Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Mobile Choctaw Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Mobile Choctaw Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Clarke Choctaw Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Washington Choctaw Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Clarke Choctaw Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Clarke Choctaw Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Washington Choctaw Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi 46 Alabama, Mississippi AL Mobile Choctaw Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 61 Alabama, Mississippi AL Clarke Choctaw Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana 61 Alabama, Mississippi AL Washington Choctaw Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana 61 Alabama, Mississippi AL Washington Choctaw Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi 61 Alabama, Mississippi AL Clarke Choctaw Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi 61 Alabama, Mississippi AL Choctaw Choctaw Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana 61 Alabama, Mississippi AL Choctaw Choctaw Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 61 Alabama, Mississippi...

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An Act to Provide for the Allotment of Lands, Approved, February, 8, 1887

Section I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in all cases where any tribe or band of Indians has been, or shall hereafter be, located upon any reservation created for their use, either by treaty stipulation or by virtue of an act of Congress or executive order setting apart the same for their use, the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, authorized, whenever in his opinion any reservation or any part thereof of such Indians is advantageous for agricultural and grazing purposes, to cause said reservation, or any part thereof, to be surveyed, or resurveyed if necessary, and to allot the lands in said reservation in severalty to any Indian located thereon in quantities as follows: To each head of a family, one-quarter of a section; To each single person over eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section; To each orphan child under eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section; To each other single person under eighteen years now living, or who may be born prior to the date of the order of the President directing an allotment of the lands embraced in any reservation, one-sixteenth of a section: Provided, That in case there is not sufficient land in any of said reservations to allot lands to each individual...

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Native American Land Cessions in Illinois

From this it will be seen that almost the entire country comprising the present State of Illinois was the subject of controversy in the matter of original ownership, and that the United States, in order fully to extinguish the Indian claim thereto, actually bought it twice, and some portions of it three times. It is proper, however, to add in this connection that where the government at the date of a purchase from one tribe was aware of an existing claim to the same region by another tribe, it had the effect of diminishing the price paid.

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