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Topic: Lenni-Lenape

Red Jacket and the Wyandot Claim to Supremacy

At a great council of the western tribes, assembled near Detroit, prior to the late war, the celebrated Seneca orator, Red Jacket, was present, when the question of the right of the Wyandots to light the council fire, was brought up. This claim he strenuously resisted, and administered a rebuke to this nation in the following terms: “Have the Quatoghies forgotten themselves? Or do they suppose we have forgotten them? Who gave you the right in the west or east, to light the general council fire? You must have fallen asleep, and dreamt that the Six Nations were dead! Who permitted you to escape from the lower country? Had you any heart left to speak a word for yourselves? Remember how you hung on by the bushes. You had not even a place to land on. You have not yet done p___g for fear of the Konoshioni. High claim, indeed, for a tribe who had to run away from the Kadarakwa. 1Hon. Albert H. Tracy. “As for you, my nephews,” he continued, turning to the Lenapees, or Delawares,” it is fit you should let another light your fire. Before Miqùon came, we had put out your fire and poured water on it; it would not burn. Could you hunt or plant without our leave? Could you sell a foot of land? Did not the voice of the Long House...

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New Jersey Indians – B Surnames

Barrenach. Agreement, Dec., 1663. See Matanoo. Bawagtoons (a witness). Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Beoppo. Indian deed, Oct. 23, 1758. See Egohohoun. Bomokan, I. Indian deed, January 10, 1658. With seven ether Indians, for land on the west side of the North river, from Wiehacken to Constable’s Hoeck. Bussabenaling. See...

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New Jersey Indians – A Surnames

Abozaweramud, 66. Indian deed, Aug. 22, 1681. With eleven other “Indian proprietors,” for a tract on Mattawang or Millstone River, extending to Pametapake, opposite Staten Island. Acchipoor of Hoogkong. Indian deed, July 10, 1657. See Taghkospemo. Ackitoauw (Winfield gives his name as Kikitoauw) and Aiarotuv, Virginians, “inhabitants and joint owners,” for themselves and three other proprietors. Indian deed, Nov. 22, 1630, for Ahasimus and the peninsula Aressick (Jersey City). Winfield’s Hist. Hudson County, 15; N. Y. Col. Docs., XIII., 2; Indians of N. J., 102. Agnamapamund. Indian deed, Nov. 19, 1681. See Pawark. Ahtakkones, Nauhoosing, Okanickkon, Weskeakitt, Petheatus, Apperingues, Kekroppamant. Indian deed, October 10, 1677, to Joseph Helmsley and others, for lands on Delaware River from Rankokus to Sent Pinck Creek at the falls. W. J. Deeds, Lib. B, Part i, p. 4. Ahwaroeb, Mensier, Pewaherenoes (alias Hans), Towachkack (alias Jan Clausen). Signed Assowaka Sackima of Tappaan, Whusquataghey, Jantekoes of Tappaan, Metjes of Tappaan, Croppun, Sachema of Haverstroo, Wheren (alias Tinnker oft Ketelboeter), Harmanus, Coninko, Carsten Lursen, Sietey, and others with English names. Indian deed, in Dutch, dated at New York, April 13, 1671, to Isaac Bedloo and Balthaser DeHaert, for land on the west bank of the North River, in the jurisdiction of New Jersey, between Tappaen and Espetingh, between North river and Overpeck s creek, 4240 acres. E. J. Deeds, Lib. F, p. 370. (“Tinnker oft Ketelboeter”...

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New Jersey Indians – C Surnames

Cacanakque, in Indian deed, 1667. See Wapamuck. Calkanicha. King of the Delawares. See History of New Sweden, by Thomas Campanius Holm, in Memoirs of Hist. Soc. of Penn., III., 135. In Smith’s History of N. J. the name is given as Ockanickon, and the other names mentioned in connection with his are given as Iakhursoe and Sheoppy. Campanius gives them as Jahkiosol and Schoppie. See Ockanickon. Camoins (Winfield gives it as Cauwins, which is improbable). Indian deed, Nov. 22, 1630. See Ackitoauw. Canackamack, Capatamin and Thingorawis. Indian deed, September 14, 1677, in the presence of Emerus, Sachem of Navesinks, Queramack, Eramky, “and other Indians as Witnesses thereto,” for a tract of land beginning at a Place called Matockshegan or Kent’s Neck, upon the Raritan River,” etc. Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery, 52. Canandus and three others of Essex county, 73. Indian deed, Oct. 30, 1684, for tract on Nolum Mehegam or Wawhahewany Creek near Stephen Osburn’s land, along the Minisink Path and Wickakicke Creek; also for a tract near Piscataway Bound Brook. Cancheris. Indian deed, Sept. 1 6, 1709. See Amegatha. Canundus. Indian deed, October 30, 1684. See Seweckroneck. Capatamin. Indian deed, September 14, 1677. See Conackamack. Capatamin. Indian deed, September 14, 1677. See Canackamack. Capatamine. Indian deed, Feb. 28, 1671-2, with three others, for the Berry Patent, from Capt. Sandford’s up the Pasayack River, five rods beyond the Warepeake...

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New Jersey Indians – N Surnames

Naamucksha. Indian deed, June 20, 1703. See Nanhamman. Nachoenkquy. Indian deed, May I, 1701. See Tapgow. Nacholas, 141. Indian deed, Oct. 29, 1701. See Tallquapie. Nachpong. Indian deed, Dec. 31, 1701. See Tapehou. Nackoniakene. Indian deed, April 12, 1684. See Tallaca. Nackpunck, 97. Indian deed, Nov. 29, 1686. “Weighrerens (on behalf of Nackpunck),” and others. See Hanayahame. Nachpunk is the name of a swamp in the south-eastern portion of Wayne township, which is drained by the Nachpunk brook into the Singack River. In 1898 I was retained to draft an act of the Legislature, incorporating the Borough of Totowa, and the name of this brook was given to me as one of the points in the boundary. I had no recollection of ever meeting with the name, and assumed it to be Dutch, and so wrote it Naaktpunkt bare point in the Act. (Laws 1898, page 98.) This explanation is given for the benefit of some future student. While writing this note, I am informed by a native of Wayne township, seventy years old, that he always understood from the “old people” that Nachpunk and thus he pronounced the word, as in German or in Dutch was an Indian name. The swamp in question is about five miles southwest of the Paterson city hall. The mouth of the Saddle River, in which the Indian Nackpunk was interested, is about...

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New Jersey Indians – M Surnames

Machcopoiken. Mentioned in Indian deed, Oct. 29, 1701. See Tallquapie. Machcopoikan, Ashanham, Meshocorrang, lareandy (or lauwandy), Nockapowicke, Vugahen, Wellocke, Indian Sackamackers. Indian deed, Nov. 10, 1701, to John Johnston, for lands in Somerset county, on the west side of the north branch of Raritan River on Rachaneak River. E. J. Deeds, Lib. H, P- 37- Machcote, alias Keneckome, A whips, Negacape and Pamascone. Indian deed, May 12, 1681, for lands on Raritan river and Raweighweros brook. Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery, 53. Macheses. Indian deed, June 8, 1677. See Mendawasey. Machierick Hitock, Tospecsmick, Wennaminck Keckquennen, Sachems of Hoppemense, 7. Indian deed, Oct. 4, 1665, for the Hoppemense tract between two creeks, over against Anthony Breyandt. (Salem County.) Machockan. Indian deed, Aug. 13, 1708. See Taphaow. Machohan. Indian deed, June 16, 1703. See Wickwella. Machote, alias Kenockome, Awips, Negacape and Pamascome. Indian deed, Dec. 12, 1681, for tract near Middlebrook, Somerset County. First Things in Old Somerset, 6. Machpetuske, 66. Indian deed, Aug. 22, 1681. See Abozaweramud. Machpoiken. See Tallquapie. Machpunk. (A variant for Nachpunk ?) Indian deed, Sept. 1 6, 1709. See Amegatha. Mackquinakhim (witness), 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakou. Maemsey. Indian deed, July 15, 1679. See Coovang. Mahagpeta (a squaw). Indian deed, Aug. 13, 1708. See Taphaow. Mahamickwon, alias King Charles, an Indian sachem, in 1703, who had “laid an English right on a large plantation...

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New Jersey Indians – L Surnames

Lames. See Alpoongan. Lammusecon. Indian deed, March 30. 1688. See Hoham. Laparomza. Indian deed. Aug. 18, 1713. See Menaukahickon. Lapink. Indian deed, Oct. 23, 1758. See Egohohoun. Lappawinza. Indian deed, Aug. 18, 1713. See Menaukahickon. Lawicowighe. Indian deed, June i, 1701. See Hippoquonow. Lawykaman. Indian deed, Oct. 23, 1758. See Egohohoun. Loantique, Taphaow, Manshuen, “with divers others, the owners and proprietors,” etc. Indian deed, March. 1701-2, to the inhabitants of Newark, for lands at Pine Brook, etc. (the Horseneck purchase). This deed having been “lost in a fire in the house of Jonathan Pierson at Newark, providentially burned March 7, 1744-5,” King Quichtoe, King Tishiwokamin, Saphoc and Yaupis. heirs and successors of the above grantors, gave another deed, March 14, 1744-5, to the inhabitants of Newark for said lands. E. J. Deeds, Lib. 3, p. 105. Loques, Abraham. Power of attorney, Feb. 23, 1758. See Teedyescunk. As to his character, see Penn. Archives, II., 645. For lands claimed by him, see ibid., III., 345. Loulax, Will. Power of attorney, Feb. 23, 1758. See Teedyescunk. Lumoseecon, 143. Indian deed, May 8, 1699. See...

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New Jersey Indians – K Surnames

Kaanserein. Indian deed, May i, 1701. See Tapgow. Kagkennip, i. Indian deed, Jan. 10, 1658. See Bomokan. Kagno-Onnen. Indian deed, May i, 1701. See Tapgow. Kahaew. Indian deed, April 21, 1727. See Mowessawach. Kaharosse. Indian deed, June 8, 1677. See Mendawasey. Kanashalees. Indian deed, Oct. 23, 1758. See Egohohoun. Karstangh. See Carstangh. Kasamen. Indian deed, June 8, 1677. See Mendawasey. Katamas, Sekappie, Poanto alias Enequete, Rennowighwan, Jackickon. Indian deed, Sept. 10, 1677, to Thomas Olive, for lands from Rankokus Creek to Timber creek. W. J. Deeds, Lib. B, Part i, p. 4. Keekott, Robert. Power of attorney, Feb. 23, 1758. See Teedyescunk. An Ancocus Indian. Penn. Ar chives, III., 342. See ib., 345. Kekehela and Ashitaman. Indian deed, May n, 1715, to Isaac DeCow, of Burlington, for tract on a run called Timakeequahung, lying in the forks of Rancockos or Northampton River. W. J. Deeds, Lib. HH, p. 48. Kekroppamant, 395. Indian deed, Oct. 10, 1677. See Ahtahkones. Keksameghn, 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Kenarenawack, 7. Indian deed, July 20, 1668. See Anaren. Kenockome. Indian deed, May 12, 1681. See Machcote. Kenockome. Indian deed, Dec. 12, 1681. See Machote. (And see also Konockama.) Kepanoockonickon, 422. Indian deed, April 9, 1688. See Hoeham. Keromack, Keromacke, sachem, and three others, 5 1 . Indian deed, Oct. 17, 1681. See Eschapous. Page 57- Indian deed, Feb. 26, 1683-4. See...

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New Jersey Indians – I Surnames

Iakhursoe. Brother s son of Ockanickon, and appointed by Ockanickon to succeed him as King. Smith’s N. J., 148. See Ockanickon. (Jakhursoe Achcolsoet. one who takes care of a thing, a preserver. Heckewelder’s Dictionary of the Delaware, etc., 383.) Iareandy, Iauwandy. Indian deed, Nov. 10, 1701. See Machcopoikan. Ichchepe, 66. Indian deed, Aug. 22, 1681. See Abozaweramud. Ipan Kickan. Indian chief, of Rancokeskill, N. J. With three other Chiefs, at a conference with Governor Andros, at New Castle, Del., May 13, 1675. N. Y. Col. Docs., XII., 523; N. J. Archives, I., 182. Ireoseke. Indian deed, May 3, 1677. See Hepihance. Irooseeke, 65. Indian deed, April 3, 1678. Seaheppee and Irooseeke, sachems, to Jacob Tmax (of Middletown). Also Indian deed, Aug. 22, 1686. See Abozaweramud. Irramgen (a witness), 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Irramighkim, Irramigkin, 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Isarick. Indian deed, June 7, 1677. See Queramack. Ishavekak and two others, “Middlesex County Indians,” 73. Indian deed, March 20, 1684-5. For a tract on South river, running six miles along it to Thomas Lawrence’s...

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New Jersey Indians – H Surnames

Hagkinsiek (witness), 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Haham. Indian deed, Nov. 28, 1701. See Wiequahila. Aug. 13, 1708. See Taphaow. Haharois. Indian deed, June 8, 1677. See Mendawasey. Hairish, in Indian deed, 1667. See Wapamuck. Hamahem, a Sakamaker of the Hackensacks, in 1678. Indians of N. J., 110. Hamakenon. Indian deed, June 8, 1677. See Mendawasey. Hamemohakun (signed Henemohokun). Indian deed, Aug. 13, 1708. See Taphaow. Hanrapen, in Indian deed, 1678. See Manschy. Hanyaham, Hanayaham, Hanayahame, 7. Indian deed, July 20, 1668. See Anaren. Hanyahanum, 18. Indian deed, Feb. 28, 1671-2. See Capatamine. P. 97. Indian deed, Nov. 29, 1686, with four others, “Indian proprietors,” to Capt. John Berry, for their share of a run of water called Warepeake or Rerakanes, or Sadie river, of which said Berry had bought a share before. Hapehucquona and Tolomhon. Indian deed, October 11, 1701, to David Lyell, goldsmith, for lands beginning at Millstone River and running along the line of Thomas Budd to Senpink, etc. E. J. Deeds, Lib. H, p. 216. Hapehucquoxa and Tolomhon, Indian owners, 155. Indian deed, July 19, 1703. For a tract along the Province line from Senpinck to Augustine Gordon’s, W. of Wm. Watson. Hapenomo. Indian deed, June 8, 1677. See Mendawasey. Harmanus. Indian deed, April 13, 1671. See Ahwaroeb. Haughnum. Indian deed, June 4, 1687. See Mecoppy. Hayamakeno, 73. Indian deed, Oct. 16,...

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New Jersey Indians – F & G Surnames

Feetee. Indian sachem, May 30, 1704. See Mahwtatt. Genemay Nemow. Indian deed, Nov. 18, 1709. See Sherikham. Ghonnojea and other “Indians and Sachems.” Indian deed, March 28, 1679, for Haquequenunck. Gnickap, 66. Indian deed, Aug. 22, 1681. See Abozaweramud. Gosque, 7. Indian deed, July 20, 1668. See Anaren. Gottawamerk (witness), 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Gwach (or Gwach, pachtan). Indian deed, Sept. 16, 1709. See...

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New Jersey Indians – E Surnames

Echkamare, an Indian of Sussex county, cir. 1715-40. See Ambehoes. Edgaques, Etgaqui. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Egohohoun, Chief of the Muncies, Lapink, Nepeas, Mechekamee, Cockalalaman, Lawykaman, Tutalayo, Kanashalees, Homeyquoaw, Beoppo, Pemattase, Quaquenow, Awquawaton, Chief of the Opings or Pomptons, Wettanesseck, Wayweenhunt, and Quiasecament. Signed Homeyquoan, Beoppo, Pemattase, Quaquenow, Awquawaton, Wettanesseck, Wayqueenhunt, Ouiasecamont, Egshohoun, Lapink, Nepeas, Mechekamee, Cockalalaman, Lawyhaman, Tutalayo, Kanashalees. Indian indenture made at Easton, Pa., Oct. 23, 1758, to Gover nor Bernard and Commissioners of New Jersey, for all the rights of the Minnisink or Munsie, and the Oping or Pompton Indians. “The Mingoes or United Nations have permitted their nephews said Minnisink or Munsie and the said Oping or Pompton Indians to settle on their lands on the branches of the Susquehanna and elsewhere, to which they have for their better convenience removed, and to convey the northern part of New Jersey.” Witnesses (among others): Segehsadon or Tagashata, “the Seneca Chief or Sachern who spoke at the present treaty, and Tokahoyo a Cayuga, Chief and Speaker at the Treaty, Thomas King an Oneida Chief, who spoke at this Treaty in behalf of the five younger nations.” E. J. Deeds, Lib. 12, p. 89. See Smith’s N. J., 445, 453. Egshohoun. Indian deed, Oct. 23, 1758. See Egohohoun. Also written Egotchowen. See Smith’s N. J., 465- Ekinerchin, Eckenerehim, 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See...

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New Jersey Indians – P Surnames

Paakek (or Paakek Siekaak, or Paakli Sekaak), 230. Indian deed, June 6, 1695. See Taepgan. Indians of N. J.. 112. Pachem, “a crafty man” of the Hackensacks, who urged the Indians to a general massacre early in 1643. See Oratamy. N. Y. Col. Docs., IV., 8; Indians of N. J., 104. Pachtan. Indian deed, September 16, 1709. See Amegatha, and Gwach. Paghquehom. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Paiquahakopawa. Indian deed, Nov. i, 1714. See Namaliskont. Pajpemoor (Pojpemoor), “brother to and reputed by Pajpemoor,” etc. Agreement, Dec., 1663. See Matanoo. Pakehautas. Indian deed, June 20, 1703. See Nanhamman. Pama Corne. 278. Indian deed, Sept. 12, 1697. See Hoaken. Pamascome. Indian deed, Dec. 12, 1681. See Machote. Pamascone. Indian deed, May 12, 1681. See Machcote. Pamehelett, 73. Indian deed, Feb. 25, 1685-6. See Ishe-vekak. Panaway. Indian deed, May 9, 1710. See Memerescum. Panktoe. Indian deed, Jan. i, 1687, for land near Cape Island. Beasley s Hist. Cape May County, 1857, p. 189. Papejeco (Papejecop in the text), “commander or Saechem of the Indians inhabiting part of what the English call the northern part of the Jerseys,” and seven others, “with others our friends and relatives,” not named. Indian deed, Sept. 3, 1714, “pursuant to a former bargain and laying out, concluded, made and marked in the year 1707,” for lands at Singack brook, and at the falls of Pompton...

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New Jersey Indians – O Surnames

Ockanickon. Indian sachem at Burlington, about 1680. Budd’s Good Order Established in Pennsilvania and New- Jersey in America, 1685, Gowans’s Reprint, New York, 1685, p. 64; Burrows Brothers Reprint. Cleveland, 1902, p. 67; Smith s N. J., 148. Oheloakhi. Indian deed, Nov. 28, 1701. See Wiequahila. Ohwsilopp, Indian Sachim, May 30, 1709. See Mahwtatatt. Okanickkon, 393. Indian deed, Oct. 10, 1677. See Ahtahkones. Okeyman, 639. Indian deed, June 16, 1703. See Awisham. Okonycan. See Alpoongan. Olamoeerinck. Indian deed, June 4, 1687. See Mecoppy. Olamonossecunk. Indian deed, June 4, 1687. See Mecoppy. Olomosecunck, 196. Indian deed, Dec. 16, 1689. See Hiphockanoway. Onachpong. Indian deed, July 29, 1702. See Tapehow. Onachponguam. Indian deed, July 29, 1702. See Tapehow. Onagepunk (Onagaponk), 230. Indian deed, June 6, 1695. See Taepgan. Indians of N. J., 112. Onatagh, 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Onoragquin, 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Opollonwhen, Indian King, deceased, and his two brothers, Teaunis and Moonis. Deed of gift, October 8, 1740, from John Wills, for 242 acres in the forks of the Rancocas or Northampton River, Burlington County, to the children of said Opollon when and his two brothers, “and their generations, offspring, stock, or kindred, and to each of them as the said land may descend according to the custom used among the said Indians forevermore.” Hist. Burlington and Mercer Counties, 1883, p....

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New Jersey Indians – S Surnames

Sacarois. Indian deed, 16th 9th mo., 1674. Apparently a contraction of Wassakorois, which see. Saccatorey, 559. Indian deed, Nov. 7, 1675. See Allowayes. Sackarois, Sackares, “Indian sachem and true owner of Mattitembe and several other parcels of land there unto adjacent.” Indian deed, December 10, 1674. Signed also with the mark of Sackarois son. An other deed, from same, same day, is also signed with the mark of Sackarois wife. No name is given to either wife or son. E, J. Deeds, Lib. No. i, p. 75, back. Sackatois. Mentioned in Indian deed, 23d 11th mo., 1676. (Same as Sackarois.) Sackwomeck. Indian deed, July 12, 1630. See Arromeauw. Sacqueerawe. Indian deed, May i, 1701. See Tapgow. Saghkow, I. Indian deed, January 10, 1658. See Bomokan. Sagnhoora. Indian deed, May i, 1701. See Tapgow. Sagtew, Saghtew, 17. Indian deed, May 19, 1671. See Assawakow. Sakamoy, Saquemoy, “and other Indian Sackimackers,” 424. Indian deed, April 30, 1688, to Adlord Bowde, for Gov. Daniel Coxe, tract from Stephants Creek on the N. side of Dellaware Bay to Petequeick Creek or nixt Creek, W. of Little Egg Harbour, etc. Sames, i. Indian deed, Jan. 10, 1658, See Bomokan. Saphoc. Indian deed, March 14, 1744-5. See Loantique. Saphow. Indian deed, Aug. 18, 1713. See Menaukahickon. Sarqueeeawee. Indian deed, May i, 1701. See Tapgow. Sasakaman, Nouxpecoshot and Wendamkamon, Indian sachems. Indian deed, Aug. 18, 1713,...

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