Topic: Athapascan

Kwalhioqua Indians

Kwalhioqua Indians were located on the upper course of Willopah River, and the southern and western headwaters of the Chehalis. Gibbs (1877) extends their territory eastward of the Cascades, but Boas (1892) doubts the correctness of this.

Read More

Kiowa Apache Indians

Kiowa Apache Indians. The name is derived from that of the Kiowa and from the circumstance that they spoke a dialect related to those of the better-known Apache tribes, though they had no other connection with them. Also called: Bad-hearts, by Long (1823). (See Kaskaias.) Cancey or Kantsi, meaning “liars,” applied by the Caddo to all Apache of the Plains, but oftenest to the Lipan. Essequeta, a name given by the Kiowa and Comanche to the Mescalero Apache, sometimes, but improperly, applied to this tribe. Gáta’ka, Pawnee name. Gǐnä’s, Wichita name. Gû’ta’k, Omaha and Ponca name. K’á-pätop, Kiowa name, meaning “knife whetters.” Kaskaias, possibly intended for this tribe, translated “bad hearts.” Kǐsínahǐs, Kichai name. Mûtsíănă-täníu, Cheyenne name, meaning “whetstone people.” Nadíisha-déna, own name, meaning “our people.” Pacer band of Apache, H. R. Doe. Prairie Apaches, common name. Sádalsómte-k’íägo, Kiowa name, meaning “weasel people.” Tâ’gugála, Jemez name for Apache tribes including Kiowa Apache. Tagúi, an old Kiowa name. Tágukerish, Pecos name for all Apache. Tashǐn, Comanche name for all Apache. Tha`ká-hinĕ’na, Arapaho name, meaning “saw-fiddle man.” Yabipais Natagé, Garc6s Diary (1776). Kiowa Apache Connections. The Kiowa Apache belonged to the Athapascan linguistic family, their nearest relatives being the Jicarilla and Lipan (Hoijer). Kiowa Apache Indians Location. They have been associated with the Kiowa from the earliest traditional period. (See also Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming.) Kiowa Apache History. The...

Read More

Kuneste Tribe

Kuneste Indians (Wailaki: ‘Indian’). The southernmost Athapascan group on the Pacific Coast, consisting of several tribes loosely or not at all connected politically, but speaking closely related dialects and possessing nearly the same culture. They occupied the greater part of Eel River basin, including the whole of Van Duzen Fork, the main Eel to within a few miles of Round Valley, the south fork and its tributaries to Long and Cahto Valleys, and the coast from Bear River range south to Usal. Their neighbors were the Wishosk on the north, the Wintun on the west, and on the south the Yuki, whose territory they bisect at Cahto, where they penetrate to the Pomo country. Kuneste Nation The Kuneste subdivisions are: Lassik Wailaki Sinkyone Kato Mattole Alternate Spellings Ken´-es-ti. – Powers in Cont. N. A. Enthnol., III, 114, 1877 (own name). Kool. – A. L. Kroeber, inf’n, 1903 (Yuki name). Kuneste. – P. E. Goddard, inf’n, 1904 (Wailaki...

Read More

Dakubetede Tribe

Dakubetede Indians. A group of Athapascan villages formerly on Applegate creek, Oregon.  The inhabitants spoke a dialect practically identical with that employed by the Taltushtuntede who lived on Gallice Creek not far from them.  They were intermarried with the Shasta, who, with the Takilman, were their neighbors.  With other insurgent bands they were removed to the Siletz reservation in...

Read More

Chilula Tribe

Chilula Indians (Tsu-lu’-la, from Tsula, the Yurok name for the Bald hills.)  A small Athapascan division which occupied the lower (north west) portion of the valley of Redwood Creek, north California and Bald hills, dividing it from Klamath valley. They were shut off from the immediate coast of Yurok, who inhabited villages at the mouth of Redwood Creek.  The name of the Chilula for themselves is not known; it is probable that like most of the Indians of the region they had none, other than the word for “people”  above them on Redwood creek was the related Athapascan group known as Whilkut, or Xoilkut.  The Yurok names of some of their villages are Cherkhu, Ona, Opa, Otshpeth and...

Read More

Kwalhioqua Tribe

Kwalhioqua ( from Tkulxiyo-goa(‘ikc:kulxi, ‘at a lonely place in the woods’, their Chinook name.-  Boas) An Athapascan tribe which formerly lived on the upper course of Willopah river, western Washington.  Gibbs extends their habitat east into the upper Chehalis, but Boas does not believe they extended east of the Coast range.  They have been confounded by Gibbs and others with a Chinookan tribe on the lower course of the river called Willopah.  The place where they generally lived was called Nq!ul´was. The Kwalhioqua and Willopah have ceded their land to the United States 1Royce in 18th Rep. B.A. E., pt. 2, 832, 1899.  In 1850 two males and several females survived.  Hale 2Hale, Ethnog. and Philol., 204, 1846 who estimated them at about 100, said that they built no permanent habitations, but wandered in the woods, subsisting on game, berries and roots, and were bolder, hardier and more savage than the river and coast tribes. Footnotes:   [ + ] 1. ↩ Royce in 18th Rep. B.A. E., pt. 2, 832, 1899 2. ↩ Hale, Ethnog. and Philol., 204,...

Read More

Chetco Tribe

Chetco Indians (from Cheti, ‘close to the mouth of the stream’: own name.-  J.O. Dorsey). a group of former Athapascan villages situated on each side of the mouth of and about 14 miles up Chetco river, Oregon.  There were 9 villages, those at the mouth of the river containing 42 houses, which were destroyed by the whites in 1853, after which the Chetco were removed to Siletz Reservation, Tillamook County, Oregon.  In 1854 they numbered 63 men, 96 women and 104 children; total 262.  In 1877 only 63 resided on Siletz reservation.  These villagers were closely allied to the Tolowa of California, from whom they differed but slightly in language and suxtom.  The villages as recorded by Dorsey were Chettanne, Chettannene, Khuniliikhwut, Nakwutthume, Nukhwuchutun, Setthatun, Siskhaslitun, Tachukhaslitun and...

Read More

Tolowa Tribe

Tolowa Indians. An Athapascan tribe of extreme north west California. When first known they occupied the coast from the mouth of Klamath river nearly to the Oregon line, including Smith river valley and the following villages: Echulit, Khoonkhwuttunne, and Khosatumie of the Khaamotene branch, Chesthltishtunne, Tatlatunne, Ataakut, Meetkeni, Stuntusunwhott, Targhinaatun, Thltsusmetunne, and Turghestlsatun. They were gathered on a reservation in 1862, which was established on leased land, but it was abandoned in 1868, since which time the Tolowa have shifted for themselves. They are much demoralized and greatly reduced in numbers. Their language is unintelligible to the Hupa. In culture they resemble the Hupa and the Yurok, the chief difference being in their folklore and religion. They have been greatly influenced by the...

Read More

Umpqua Tribe

Umpqua Indians. An Athapascan tribe formerly settled on upper Umpqua river, Oregon, east of the Katish.  Hale 1Hale, Ethnology and Philology, 204, 1846 said they were supposed to number not more than 400, having been greatly reduced by disease.  They lived in houses of boards and mats and derived their sustenance mainly form the river.  In 1902 there were 84 on Grande Ronde Reservation, Oregon.  Their chief village was Hewut.  A part of them, the Nahankhuotana, lived along Cow Creek.  All the Athapascan tribes of south Oregon were once considered divisions of the Umpqua.  Parker 2Parker, Jour., 262, 1842 named as divisions the unidentified Palakahy, the uncertain Skoton and Chasta, and the Chilula and Kwatami. Footnotes:   [ + ] 1. ↩ Hale, Ethnology and Philology, 204, 1846 2. ↩ Parker, Jour., 262,...

Read More

Taltushtuntude Tribe

Taltushtuntude Indians. An Athapascan tribe or band that formerly lived on Galice Creek, Oregon.  They were scattered in the same country as the Takelma, whom they had probably overrun.  In 1856 they were removed to Siletz Reservation, where 18 survived in...

Read More

Naltunnetunne Tribe

Naltunnetunne Tribe (‘people among the mushrooms’) An Athapascan tribe formerly living on the coast of Oregon between the Tututni and the Chetco.  They were not divided into villages and had a dialect distinct from that of the Tututni.  The survivors are now on the Siletz reservation, Oregon. numbering 77 in 1877, according to Victor 1Victor, Overland Missouri, vii, 347, 2877. Footnotes:   [ + ] 1. ↩ Victor, Overland Missouri, vii, 347,...

Read More

Navajo Tribe

Navajo Nation, Navajo Indians, Navaho Indians, Navaho Tribe (pron. Na’-va-ho, from Tewa Navahú, the name referring to a large area of cultivated lands; applied to a former Tewa pueblo, and, by extension, to the Navaho, known to the Spaniards of the 17th century as Apaches de Navajo, who intruded on the Tewa domain or who lived in the vicinity, to distinguish them from other “Apache” bands. 1Hewett in Am. Anthrop., viii, 193, 1906. Fray Alonso Benavides, in his Memorial of 1630, gives the earliest translation of the tribal name, in the form Nauajó, ‘sementeras grandes’ – ‘great seed-sowings’, or ‘great fields’. The Navaho themselves do not use this name, except when trying to speak English. All do not know it, and none of the older generation pronounce it correctly, as v is a sound unknown in their language. They call themselves Dǐné´, which means simply ‘people’. This word, in various forms, is used as a tribal name by nearly every people of the Athapascan stock). EN: In the following article Navaho is used instead of Navajo, as that was the recognized spelling of the tribal name at the turn of the 20th century. Our headers however, refer to the tribe under the proper present spelling for the Navajo Nation. An important Athapascan tribe occupying a reservation of 9,503,763 acres in north east Arizona, north west New Mexico, and south...

Read More

Tatsanottine Tribe

Tatsanottine Indians, Tatsanottine People, Tatsanottine First Nation (‘people of the scum of water,’ scum being a figurative expression for copper). An Athapascan tribe, belonging to the Chipewyan group, inhabiting the northern shares and eastern hays of Great Slave lake, Mackenzie Dist., Canada. They were said by Mackinzie in 1789 to live with other tribes on Mackenzie and Peace rivers. Franklin in 1824 1Franklin, Journ, Polar Sea, 16, 1824 said that they, had previously lived on the south side of Great Slave lake. Gallatin in 1836 2Trans..Am. Antiq. Soc., ii, 19, 1856 gave their location as north of Great Slave lake on Yellow Knife river, while Back placed them on the west shore of Great Slave lake. Drake 3Drake, Bk. Inds. vii, 1848 located them on Coppermine river; Richardson 4Richardson, Arct. Exped, ii, 4, 1851 gave their habitat as north of Great Slave lake and from Great Fish river to Coppermine river. Hind in 1863 5Hind, Labrador Penin., ii, 261, 1863 placed them north and north east of Great Slave lake, saying than they resorted to Ft Rae and also to Ft Simpson on Mackenzie river. Petitot in 1865 6Petitot, MS., B. A. E. said they frequent the steppes east and north east of Great Slave lake: but 10 years later 7Dict. Dènè-Dindjiè, xx, 1876 he located then, about the east part of the lake. They were more nomadic than their neighbors,...

Read More

Lassik Tribe

Lassik (Las’-sik, the name of their last chief). A people of the Athapascan family formerly occupying a portion of main Eel River, Cal., and its east tributaries, Van Dozen, Larrabee, and Dobbin creeks, together with the headwaters of Mad River. They had for neighbors toward the north the Athapascan inhabitants of the valley of Mad River and Redwood Creek; toward the east the Wintun of Southfork of Trinity River; toward the south the Wailaki, from whom they were separated by Kekawaka Creek; toward the west the Sinkine on Southfork of Eel River. They occupied their regular village sites along the streams only in winter. Their houses were conical in form, made of the bark of Douglas spruce. They had neither sweat lodges nor dance houses. The basketry was twined, but differed considerably from that of the Hupa in its decoration. Beside the methods employed elsewhere for securing deer and elk, the Lassik used to follow a fresh track until the animal, unable to feed or rest, was overtaken. They intermarried with the Wintun, to whom they were assimilated in mourning customs, etc. Powers 1Powers, Cont. N. A. Ethnol., 111, 121, 1877 gives the impression that the Lassik belong with the Wintun in language, but this is a mistake. Their dialect resembles the Hupa in its morphology and the Wailaki in its phonology. The majority of them perished during the...

Read More

Search

Free Genealogy Archives


It takes a village to grow a family tree!
Genealogy Update - Keeping you up-to-date!
101 Best Websites 2016

Pin It on Pinterest