Topic: Apache

Geronimo, The Last Apache Chief on the War-Path

Far off in the Dragoon Mountains Where Captain Red Beard took me to see Cochise in his stronghold, lived the chief of a band of Apache Indians, called Geronimo. His Indian name was Go-khla-yeh, but after his first battle with the Mexicans he was called Geronimo, and the name was pronounced after the Spanish fashion, as if it began with an H instead of a G-Heronimo. When this Indian was a young man he went to Mexico to trade furs and beaded belts and moccasins for things the Indians use, and with him went his wife and many Indian men, women, and children. The Indian men made a camp near a small Mexican city and left the women and children there while they went into the town to trade, but while they were gone some white people fired at those left in camp, and when Geronimo came back all his family were dead, and everything he had was destroyed. At first Geronimo was so sad that he could not eat or sleep, and wandered about in the woods as unhappy as any one could be; then he began to be angry and wanted to fight all white men, and that is how he first made up his mind to go on the war-path. Geronimo was a very quiet man and yet he danced with the other Indians, pitched quoits...

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Apache Indians

Apache Indians. Located in southern New Mexico and Arizona, western Texas, and southeastern Colorado, also ranging over much of northern Mexico. Together with the Navaho, the Apache constituted the western group of the southern division of the Athapascan linguistic stock.

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Apache Indian Bands, Gens and Clans

Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry.  Often very little information is known or they no longer exist.  We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes. Akonye (people of the canyon). An Apache band at San Carlos agency and Ft Apache, Ariz., in 1881; probably coordinate with the Khonagani clan of the Navaho. Bourke in Journ. Am. Folk-Lore, III, 111, 1890. Apaches del Perrillo (Span.: Apaches of the little dog ). A band of Apache occupying, in the 16th and 17th centuries, the region of the Jornada del Muerto, near the Rio Grande, in s. N. Mex., where a spring was found by a dog, thus saving the Spaniards much suffering from thirst. They were probably a part of the Mescaleros or of the Mimbreños of later date. (F. W. H. ) Apaches del Quartelejo. A band of Jicarillas which in the 17th and 18th centuries resided in the valley of Beaver cr., Scott co. , Kans. The district was called Quartelejo by Juan Uribarri, who on taking possession in 1706 named it the province of San Luis, giving the name Santo Domingo to the Indian rancheria. See Quartelejo. (F. W. H.) Apaches Mansos ( Span.: tame Apaches ). An Apache band of Arizona consisting of 100 persons (Browne, Apache Country, 291, 1869. Apparently so called by the Mexicans in contradistinction to the...

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White Mountain Apache Tribe

White Mountain Apache. Formerly the Sierra Blanca Apache, a part of the Coyoteros, so called on account of their mountain home. The name is now applied to all the Apache under Ft Apache agency, Arizona, consisting of Arivaipa, Tsiltaden or Chilion, Chiricahua, Coyotero, Mimbreño, and Mogollon. In 1910 they numbered 2,269. Capt. Bourke in 1881-82 obtained at Fort Apache and San Carlos agencies the following names of bands or clans: Akonye Chilchadilkloge Chiltneyadnaye Destchin Gontiel Indelchidnti Inoschuhochen Iyaaye Kaihatin Kaynaguntl Kiyahani Klokadakaydn Mayndeshkish Natatladiltin Natootzuzn Peiltzun Satchin Tizsessenaye Tseskadin Tuakay Tudisishn Tushtun Tutonashkisd Tutzone Tzaedelkay Tzebinaste Tzecheschinne Tzetseskadn Tzintzilchutzikadn Tziseketzillan Tzlanapah Tzolgan Yachin Yagoyekaydn There are also the foreign clans Tzekinne and Nakaydi, partly...

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Yavapai Apache Tribe

Yavapai Apache Indians, Yavapai Indians, Apache Mohave Indians (said to be from enyaéva ‘sun,’ pai `people’: ‘people of the sun’). A Yuman tribe, popularly known as Apache Mohave and Mohave Apache, i. e., ‘hostile or warlike Mohave.’ According to Corbusier, the tribe, before its removal to the Rio Verde agency in May 1873, claimed as its range the valley of the Rio Verde and the Black mesa from Salt river as far as Bill Williams mountains, west Arizona. They then numbered about 1,000. Earlier they ranged much farther west, appearing to have had rancherias on the Rio Colorado; but they were chiefly an interior tribe, living south of Bill Williams fork as far as Castle Dome mountains, above the Gila. In the spring of 1875 they were placed under San Carlos Apache agency, where, in the following year, they numbered 618. Dr Corbusier described the Yavapai men as tall and erect, muscular, and well proportioned. The women are stouter and have handsomer faces than the Yuma. Cuercomache was mentioned in 1776 as a Yavapai rancheria or division. In 1900 most of the tribe drifted from the San Carlos Reservation and settled in part of their old home on the Rio Verde, including the abandoned Camp McDowell Military Reservation, which was assigned to their use Nov. 27, 1901, by the Secretary of the Interior until Congress should take final action. By...

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Pinal Coyotero Apache Tribe

Pinal Coyotero Indians. A part of the Coyotero Apache, whose chief rendezvous was the Pinal mountains and their vicinity, north of Gila River in Arizona. They ranged, however, about the sources of the Gila, over the Mogollon Mesa, and from northern Arizona to the Gila and even southward. They are now under the San Carlos and Ft Apache agencies, where they are officially classed as Coyoteros. According to Bourke, there were surviving among them in 1882 the following clans (or bands): Chisnedinadinaye Destchetinaye Gadinchin Kaihatin Klokadakaydn Nagokaydn Nagosugn Tegotsugn Titsessinaye Tutsoshin Tutzose Tziltadin Yagoyecayn They are reputed by tradition to have been the first of the Apache to have penetrated below the Little Colorado among the Pueblo peoples, with whom they intermarried 1Bourke in Jour. Am. Folklore, III, 112, 1890 . They possessed the country from San Francisco mountains to the Gila until they were subdued by Gen. Crook in 1873. Since then they have peaceably tilled their land at San Carlos. White 2White,  Hist. Apaches, MS., B. A. E.,1875 , for several years a surgeon at Ft Apache, says that they have soft, musical voices, uttering each word in a sweet, pleasant tone. He noted also their light-hearted, childish ways and timid manner, their pleasant expression of countenance, and the beauty of their women. Married women tattooed their chins in three blue vertical lines running from the lower...

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Tonto Apache Tribe

Tontos (Spanish: ‘fools,’ so called on account of their supposed imbecility; the designation, however, is a misnomer). A name so indiscriminately applied as to be almost meaningless. To a mixture of Yavapai, Yuma, and Mohave, with some Pifialeno Apache, placed on the Rio Verde Reservation, Arizona, in 1873, and transferred to San Carlos Reservation in 1875; best designated as the Tulkepaia. To a tribe of the Athapascan family well known as Coyotero Apache. To the Piftalenos of the same family. According to Corbusier, to a body of Indians descended mostly from Yavapai men and Pinal Coyotero ( Pinaleño ) women who have intermarried. The term Tontos was therefore applied by writers of the 19th century to practically all the Indians roaming between the White mountains of Arizona and the Rio Colorado, comprising parts of two linguistic families, but especially to the Yavapai, commonly known as Apache Mohave. The Tonto Apache transferred to San Carlos in 1875 numbered 629, while the Yavapai sent to that reserve numbered 618 and the Tulkepaia 352. The Tontos officially designated as such numbered 772 in 1908, of whom 551 were under the San Carlos agency, 160 under the Camp Verde school superintendency, and 11 at Camp...

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Mimbreños Apache Tribe

Mimbreños (Spanish: ‘people of the willows’). A branch of the Apache who took their popular name from the Mimbres mountains, southwest New Mexico, but who roamed over the country from the east side of the Rio Grande in New Mexico to San Francisco River in Arizona, a favorite haunt being near Lake Guzman, west of El Paso, in Chihuahua. Between 1854 and 1869 their number was estimated at 400 to 750, under Mangas Coloradas. In habits they were similar to the other Apache, gaining a livelihood by raiding settlements in New Mexico, Arizona, and Mexico. They made peace with the Mexicans from time to time and before 1870 were supplied with rations by the military post at Janos, Chihuahua. They were sometimes called Coppermine Apache on account of their occupancy of the territory in which the Santa Rita mines in southwest New Mexico are situated. In 1875 a part of them joined the Mescaleros and a part were under the Hot Springs (Chiricahua) agency, New Mexico. They are now divided between the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico, and Ft Apache agency, Arizona, but their number is not separately...

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Mescalero Apache Tribe

Mescaleros Apache Indians (Spanish: `mescal people,’ from their custom of eating mescal). An Apache tribe which formed a part of the Faraones and Vaqueros of different periods of the Spanish history of the southwest. Their principal range was between the Rio Grande and the Pecos in New Mexico, but it extended also into the Staked plains and southward into Coahuila, Mexico. They were never regarded as so warlike as the Apache of Arizona, otherwise they were generally similar. Mooney 1Mooney, field notes, B. A. E., 1897 records the following divisions: Nataina Tuetinini Tsihlinainde Guhlkainde Tahuunde These bands intermarry, and each had its chief and suhchief. The Guhlkainde are apparently identical with the “Cuelcajenne” of Orozco y Berra and others, who classed them as a division of the Llaneros; the “Natages” are probably the same as the Nataina rather than the Lipan or the Kiowa Apache, while the Tsihlinainde seem to be identifiable with the “Chilpaines.” In addition Orozco y Berra gives the Lipillanes as a Llanero division. The Mescaleros are now (1905) on a reservation of 474,240 acres in southern New Mexico, set apart for them in 1873. Population 460 in 1905, including about a score of Lipan, q. v. Footnotes:   [ + ] 1. ↩ Mooney, field notes, B. A. E.,...

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Apache Indian Research

Apache Indians (probably from ápachu, ‘enemy,’ the Zuñi name for the Navaho, who were designated “Apaches de Nabaju” by the early Spaniards in New Mexico). A number of tribes forming the most southerly group of the Athapascan family. The name has been applied also to some unrelated Yuman tribes, as the Apache Mohave (Yavapai) and Apache Yuma. The Apache call themselves N’de, Dĭnë, Tĭnde, or Inde, `people.’ Read more about the Apache Tribe History. Archives, Libraries, and Societies Museum of New Mexico Apache Cultural Center & Museum (hosted at White Mountain Apache Tribe Apache Indian Biography Indian Chiefs and Leaders Geronimo His Own Story Early life The Family Geronimo’s Mightiest Battle Geronimo “one who yawns” (hosted at Indigenous Peoples’ Literature Cochise “Hardwood” (hosted at Indigenous Peoples’ Literature) East Central Arizona History Apache Warriors Mickey Free Apache Kid Hoo-Moo-Thy-Ah Tribute to Mrs. Sally Ewing Dosela Arizona Country Geronimo (hosted at Indigenous Peoples’ Literature) The Spirit of Goyathlay (Geronimo) (hosted at Native American Netroots) The Apache Tribe (compiled by Dee Wilke/Finney) Cochise Dahteste (Warrior Woman) Geronimo Lozen (Warrior Woman) Mangas Coloradas Nana (Chihenne) Victorio Arizona Indian Scout Record (hosted at the National Archives) Bureau of Indian Affairs A Guide to Tracing your Indian Ancestry(PDF) Tribal Leaders Directory Recognized Indian Entities, 10/2010 Update (PDF) Apache Indian Cemeteries Old Rainy Mountain Indian Mission Cemetery (hosted at Rebelcherokee’s History and Genealogy Sites) Saddle Mountain...

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Lipan Apache Tribe

Lipan Apache Indians (adapted from Ipa-n’de, apparently a personal name; n’de=’people’). An Apache tribe, designating themselves Náizhan (‘ours,’ ‘our kind’), which at various periods of the 18th and 19th centuries roamed from the lower Rio Grande in New Mexico and Mexico eastward through Texas to the Gulf coast, gaining a livelihood by depredations against other tribes and especially against the white settlements of Texas and Mexico. The name has probably been employed to include other Apache groups of the southern plains, such as the Mescaleros and the Kiowa Apache. The Franciscan mission of San Saba was established among the Lipan in Texas in 1757, but it was soon destroyed by their enemies, the Comanche and Wichita. In 1761-62 the missions of San Lorenzo and Candelaria were also founded, but these met a like fate in 1767. In 1805 the Lipan were reported to be divided into 3 bands, numbering 300, 350, and 100 men, respective: this apparently gave rise to their subdivision by Orozco N, Berra in 1864 into the Lipajenne, Lipanes de Arriba, and Lipanes de Abajo. In 1849, under chief Castro, they sided with the Texans againt the Comanche 1Schoolcraft, Thirty Years,642, 1851 ; they were always friendly, with their congeners, the Mescaleros, and with the Tonkawa after 1855, but were enemies of the Jicarillas and the Ute. Between 1845 and 1850 they suffered severely in the...

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