Collection: Bancroft Works

Washington Pioneers 1844 to 1852

Henry Williamson James Loomis, and Henry, James, and John none of whom finally settled north of the Columbia George Waunch David Crawford Charles Eaton Niniwon Everman Seyburn Thornton William Shaw David Parker John Hunt George W. Bush (colored) was born in 1790 in Pennsylvania, but in early removed to Missouri, and in 1844 to Oregon, finishing his long journey by going to Puget Sound. He was respected and honored by the pioneers for his generous and charitable traits and manliness of character. He resided on the prairie, which bears his name until April 5, 1863, when he suddenly died of a hemorrhage by the bursting of a blood vessel. His son George became a highly esteemed citizen, who was made president of the Washington Industrial Association, and whose wheat, raised on Hush prairie, was award the first premium at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Morse’s Washington Ter., MS., i. 54. Mrs Tabitha Kindred, who was many years a widow, died June 12, 1872,  at the age of 89, having resided on Bush prairie 27 years. Olympia Transcript, Jane 15, 1872. The children were two sons, John and B. Kindred, and two daughters, Mrs Parrot of Oregon City, and Mrs Simmons of the Cowlitz. Olympian Courier, June 15, 1872. Mrs Gabriel Jones died July 18, 1868. Her home was two miles from Tumwater. Olympia Standard, July 25, 1808. She was...

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Early Settlers of Lemhi Valley, Idaho

Alexander Barrack, born in Scotland in 1847, followed his brother to the U. S. in 1869, settling in Lemhi Valley the same year, and erecting a flouring mill in partnership with him in 1872, which property he later owned separately. From him I learn that the annual crop of wheat in the valley was 11,000 bushels. His mill ground 6,000 pounds per diem. Joseph Barrack, born in Scotland in 1844, migrated to the U. S. in 1859, and after two years spent in lumber manufacture in Illinois came to California across the plains with a horse-team, stopping but a few months before he went to Oregon to engage in mining on Powder River. Being robbed by the Indians of all ho possessions, he removed to Lemhi Valley in 1864, where he farmed and raised stock. He married Josie J. Johnson in 1882. John R. Clough, born in Illinois in 1S45, was bred a farmer, and attended the common schools. In 1866 he crossed the plains to Beaver Head County, Montana, where he remained 3 years at farming. After a visit to his old home, he settled in Lemhi Valley, where he engaged in raising horses and cattle. He married Lucy Rosa in 1872. J. H. Hockensmith, a native of Kentucky, born in 1834, brought up on a farm, and educated in the common schools, was taught the trade of...

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Early Residents of Idaho County, Idaho

John Aram, born in Seneca, N. Y., in 1827, came with his brother Joseph to Cal. in 1850 by sea. He resided 5 years in San Jose, and 4 years in Amador County, Cal., after which he removed to Oregon in 1859, and to Grangeville, on Camas prairie, Idaho, in 1864. He married, in 1853, Sarah Barr, born in Wyoming County, N. Y., in 1831. Loyal P. Brown, born in Coos County, N. H., in 1829, came to Cal. by sea in 1849, the schooner Haunt Nut, of the Massasoit Company, bringing them to the Isthmus of Panama. Crossing on pack-mules, the passengers chartered a brigantine, which was condemned at Mazatlan, compelling them to wait for a steamer, which finally brought them to San Francisco, by which time their means were exhausted, and 10 of the company worked their passage to Sacramento, where they took a contract to cut hay at Sutter’s Fort, after which Brown and 3 others went to the mines on the Middle Fork of American River at Rector’s Bar. In 1850 Brown went to Trinity River, engaging in trade and packing for 2 years, then to Scottsburg on the Umpqua River, remaining in southern Oregon until 1862, when he removed to Mount Idaho. He was employed in the quartermaster’s department of the volunteer army in 1855-6, and after the war engaged in stock-raising in Douglas...

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1862 James L. Fisk, Minnesota Wagon Train

In August a train arrived from Minnesota, under James Reed, like the others, in quest of Salmon River, but willingly tarrying in the Beaverhead Valley; and several weeks later a larger train under James L. Fisk, which left Minnesota in July, by a route north of the Missouri, and was convoyed over the plains by a government escort. They were destined to Washington, but the greater part of the company resolved to put their fortunes to the test in the Rocky Mountains. The company consisted of 110 men, and an unknown number of women and children. Their names, so far as known, were: W. S. Arnold, Mrs Arnold, Hosea Arnold, Smith Ball, Mrs Ball, Dr Biddle, Mrs Biddle, B. B. Burchett, Mrs Burchett, Miss Salhe Burchett, Miss Mary Burchett, Mrs Bennett, Henry Buckner, Mrs Buckner, Mrs Brown, Thomas Caldwell, Mrs Caldwell, J. M. Castner, Mrs Castner, Joseph Carrol, Mrs Carrol, J. B. Caven, Mrs Caven, Mr. Dalton and 2 sons, Mrs Dalton. Miss Desdemonia Dalton, Miss Matilda Dalton, Mrs L. W. Davenport, Miss Mary Donnelly, Mrs Catherine Durgan, Mrs. Hewins, James Harby, Mrs Harby, G. Kuster, Mrs. Kuster, Frank Le Graw, Mrs Le Graw, Mr Meredith, Mrs Meredith, Mrs Susan Peabody, Frank Ray, Mrs Ray, Dr Ray, Ned Ray, Mr Short Mrs Short, Mr Tilly Mrs Tilly, H. T. Tyler, Mrs Tyler, Wilson Waddams, Mrs Waddams, Miss Sarah Waddams,...

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1859 Petition for Bitterroot County, Montana

In the winter of 1859 a petition had been addressed to the legislature of Washington by the settlers of Bitterroot Valley and the Flathead agency, to have a county set off, to be called Bitterroot County. This petition had seventy-seven names attached, and chiefly these of the Mullan wagon-road company, who could hardly be called settlers, although a few names of actual pioneers are to be found among them. The petition does not appear to have been presented until the session of 1860-1, when two counties, called Shoshone and Missoula, were created out of the region east of the later boundary of Washington, the 117th meridian. The list is as follows: W. W. Johnson J. A. Mullan G. C. Taliaferro J. Sohon C. R. Howard James S. Townsend Theodore Kolccki W. W. De Lacy George H. Smith Cyrus Spengler A. J. Horton William Lowery A. E. D’Course J. Cashman William Plug Charles J. Clark Daniel F. Smith Robert P. Booth David Carroll James Conlan Isaac H. Rocap Frederick Sheridan W. L. Wheelock John C. Davis Thomas Hudson W. Burch D. Hays John Carr George Ruddock Patrick Graham Canhope Larard John Larard Joseph Tracy William O’Neil Patrick Mihan James N. Heron Edward Scully M. McLaughlin William Craig William Hickman J. C. Sawyer A. J. Batchelder A. L. Riddle James McMahon William Galigher L. Neis Zib. Teberlare George Young John Owens...

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Idaho Legislature 1884 – 1888

The legislature of 1884-5: Councilmen; George Pettingill, Ada County T. C. Galloway, Ada and Washington County Benjamin Wilson, Boise County E. C. Brearly, Boise and Alturas County James E. Hart, Bear Lake County Charles A. Wood, Custer and Lemhi County R. L. Wood, Cassia and Owyhee County S. C. Poage, Idaho County H. W. Smith and George W. Crawford, Oneida County S. G. Isaman, Nez Pereé County S. W. Moody, Nez Percé, Shoshone, and Kootenci County Representatives: Charles I. Simpson, D. W. French, M. H. Goodwin, D. L. Lamme, Ada County J. K. Watson, Alturas County W. N. B. Shepperd, Amos R. Wright, Bear Lake County G. B. Baldwin, M. G. Luney, Boise County J. C. Fox, Custer County W. C. Martindale, Cassia County W. S. M. Williams, Philip C. Cleary, Idaho County William King, Shoshone County J. P. Clough, Lemhi County W. T. McKern, J. P. Quarles, L. P. Wilmot, Nez Percé County David Adams Owyhee County D. R. Jones, C. M. Hull, A. H. Stalker, W. B. Green, Oneida County George W. Adams, Washington County The 14th legislative assembly, l886-7 Councilmen; Charles Himrod, Ada County; R. H. Robb, Ada and Boise County; James H. Beatty, K. C. Helfrich, Alturas County; H. W. Smith, Bingham; P. L. Hughes, Bingham and Oneida County; R A. Jordan, Bear Lake, Cassia, and Oneida County; A. J. Macnab, Lemhi and Custer County;...

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Early Settlers of Boise and Boise Valley, Idaho

Calvin F. Bodfish, one of the pioneers of Ada County, was a native of Maine, whence he went to Australia in 1853, and thence to Cal. in 1858. He came to Idaho on the discovery of gold, and was one of the first settlers at Boise City. He was a member of the first Idaho legislature and was appointed assessor of internal revenue for the government. He died suddenly of apoplexy Nov. 7, l865, at the age of 43 years. Boise Statesman, Nov. 11, 1805. H. C. Crane, another physician of Boise City’s early days, was fatally stabbed by a nephew of the same name, in a tit of temporary insanity, in the autumn of 1868. L N. Coston, a native of Tompkins County, New York, was liberally educated and studied law. He immigrated to Idaho in 1862, and mined at Idaho City for two years, when he settled as a farmer in Boise Valley. He was elected to the legislature in 1870 and 1872 as councilman from Ada County, and was president of that body in the latter year. He was again elected in 1876. He was a good representative. Silver City Avalanche, Dec. 30, 1876. J. C. Henley, born in Ohio, came to Idaho in 1862 from Iowa, and settled at Idaho City in 1863. On the organization of the judicial system of the territory he became...

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Idaho Federal and Territorial Officers, 1864-1884

1864: Governor, W. H. Wallace, resigned to become a delegate Secretary, W. B. Daniels Auditor, B. F. Lambkin Treasurer, D. S. Kenyon Marshal, D. S. Payne Chief Justice, Sidney Edgerton Associate Justices, Samuel C. Parks and Alex C. Smith Attorney of 1st District, Thomas M. Pomeroy 2nd District, George C. Hough 3d, vacant Clerk of Court, J. C. Henly, 1865: Governor, Caleb Lyon of N. Y. Secretary, C. De Witt Smith Delegate, E. D. Holbrook Judiciary same as in 1864 Clerk of Court, E. C. Mayhew. 1866: Governor and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Caleb Lyon Secretary, H. C. Gilson of Ohio Chief Justice, John R. McBride of Oregon Associate Justices, Milton Kelly of Wisconsin and A. C. Smith of Oregon U. S. Marshal, J. H. Alvord of N. Y. U. S. Revenue Assessor, M. C. Brown of Maine U. S. Collector, John Cummins of Oregon Territorial Treasurer and ex-officio Prison Commissioner, E. C Sterling Comptroller and ex-officio Librarian, H. B. Lane Supt of Public Instruction, J. A. Chittenden Attorney of 2d District (McBride’s), C. B. Waite Clerk, W. B. Smith. 1867: Governor, David Ballard of Oregon Secretary, S. R. Hewlett of Idaho Judiciary, McBride, Kelly, and John Cummins Marshal, Alvord U. S. Revenue Assessor, Austin Savage of Idaho, vice George Woodman U. S. Collector, J. C. Geer of Idaho (formerly of Or.) Surveyor General, L. F. Carter of Idaho...

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Silver City Owyhee Idaho Avalanche

Their names were: Michael Jordan A. J. Miner G. W. Chadwick Cyrus Iba William Phipps Joseph Dorsey Jerome Francisco John Moore J. R. Cain W. Churchill H. R. Wade A. J. Reynolds James Carroll William Duncan Dr A. F. Rudd F. Height W. L. Wade John Gannon M. Conner C. Ward H. W. Prindall D. P. Banes O. H. Purdy J. G. Boone W. T. Carson P. H. Gordon L. G. Gehr and 3 others. In the Silver City Owyhee Avalanche of Jan. 8, 1876, is a notice of the death of Alexander Eddington, an Englishman aged 60, a ‘pioneer of Owyhee,’ who may have been of third party. In Ballou’s Adventures, MS., Jordan’s name is given as J. P. Jordan. H. K. Wade, who was the first treasurer-elect of Owyhee co., died in 1863. William Duncan died in 1873 or 1874 in Nevada. J. R. Cain settled in Boise Valley. F. Height and G. Iba settled in Utah. O. H. Purdy remained in Owyhee County, and wrote an account of these matters on the twelfth anniversary of the discovery of the Owyhee mines, in Owyhee Silver City Avalanche, May 22, 1875. Peter McQueen, ‘one of the pioneers of the Owyhee mines,’ was killed Jan. 26, 1864, by the caving in of a tunnel on which he was working near Bannack City. ‘McQueen was formerly from Wellsville, Ohio, in...

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Idaho Council Members, 1864-1867

The following were members of the council of 1864: J. Miller and E. Smith, Boise County E. B. Waterbury, Nez Percé County S. Capps, Shoshone County S. S. Fenn, Idaho County S. B. Dilly, Alturas County J. Cummins, Owyhee, president Members of the house: H. C. Riggs, W. H. Parkinson, J. B. Pierce, and J. McIntosh, Boise County E. C. Latta and Alexander Blakely, Idaho County George Zeigle and T. M. Reed, Nez Percé County E. C. Sterling and Solomon Hasbrouck, Owyhee County W. A. Goulder, Shoshone County W. H. Howard, Alturas and Oneida County Blakely, speaker. Members of the council of 1865-6: S. P. Scaniker, H. C. Street, A. E. Callaway, and George Ainslie of Boise County H. C. Riggs of Ada County S. S. Fenn of Idaho County E. Bohannon of Owyhee County S. B. Dilly of Alturas and Oneida County. Bohannan, president. Members of the house: H. Allen, F. Campbell, M. G. Looney, I. L. Tiner, J. Carr, J. B. Pierce, C. D. Sayrs, of Boise County J. D. Agnew, M. Smythe, M. R. Jenkins, of Ada County E. T. Beatty, B. Crosson, of Alturas County J. W. Carter, D. P. Barnes, E. J. Worley, of Owyhee County Alex. Blakely, J. A. Ripson, of Idaho County Blakely speaker. Idaho Jour. Council, 1865-6, 4-9; Idaho Jour. House, 1865-6, 4-5. The members of the council in 1806-7: S....

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Washington Territorial Division, Elections, and Legislature

With the setting off of the territory of Idaho from that of Washington came the close of a long period of exciting events, and the beginning of a reign of peace and constant, gradual growth. Some slight temporary inconvenience was occasioned by the amputation from the body politic of several counties between two sessions of the legislature, when no provision could be made for the reapportionment of representatives, the legislature of 1863-4 consisting of but seven councilmen and twenty-four assemblymen. 1Organization was delayed from Dec. 7th to 22d by the balloting for president of council, O. B. McFadden being at length chosen, and for chief clerk, L. D. Durgin. Oregon Statesman, Jan. 3,1864. Clanrick Crosby was elected speaker by the house, and J. L. McDonald clerk. Wash. Scraps, 149. At the session of 1864-5, Frank Clark was president of the council, and James Tilton chief clerk, while E. P. Dugan was chosen clerk. George E. Cole, democrat, was elected delegate to congress in 1863. 2Cole was postmaster at Corvallis in 1838. He had been member of the Oregon legislature in 1851-3, but falling out with his party, removed east of the mountains in 1861, and engaged in trade and steam boating, residing at Walla Walla. Deady’s Scrap-Book, 41. In 1862 he was in the storage and commission business at Lewiston; but in the following year returned to Walla Walla,...

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Washington Politics through Four Administrations

With the organization of the territory, the democratic party north of the Columbia had prepared to marshal its ranks and act with the democrats of Oregon wherever they could be mutually helpful in resisting what they denominated the “tyranny of the federal party.” It had not succeeded in effecting its object, when it suffered to be elected to congress Columbia Lancaster, whose politics were as nondescript as his abilities were inferior. In 1855 a more thorough party organization was perfected 1Ebey’s Journal, MS., iii. 8. for the election of a delegate to succeed Lancaster. 2In the democratic convention on the first ballot Lancaster received 18 votes, but never exceeded that number.  Stevens received 13, I. N. Ebey 7, J. P. Anderson 7. Stevens withdrew his name on the 6th ballot, and on the 29th ballot Anderson received 38 votes. Judges Lander and McFadden and H. C. Moseley were balloted for, receiving from 15 to 20 votes each. Olympia Pioneer and Dem., May 12, 1855. The choice of the convention fell upon J. Patton Anderson, the first United States marshal of the territory, who resigned his office in March with the design of running for delegate, his place being subsequently filled by the appointment of George W. Corliss. 3Corliss came to Salem, Oregon, about 1852, and thence to Puget Sound. He removed to Las Cruces, California, where, on the 16th...

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Washington Indian Wars, 1855-1856

The reader of Oregon history will remember that mention is made of the massacre of the Ward train by the Snake Indians near Fort Boise in the autumn of 1854. Major Granville O. Haller, stationed at Fort Dalles, made a hasty expedition into the Snake country, intended to show the Indians that the government would not remain inactive while its citizens were subjected to these outrages. The march served no other purpose than to give this notice, for the guilty Indians had retired into their mountain fastnesses, and the season being late for re-crossing the Blue Mountains, Haller returned...

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Washington Indian Wars Continue, 1856-1858

When Governor Stevens returned to his capital from the Blackfoot Country, he was to some extent deceived as to the perils which threatened the Puget Sound region. He approved of the energetic course of Mason, and advocated the vigorous prosecution of the war. But from what he had seen east of the Cascades, and from what he knew of the indolent habits of the tribes on the Sound, he was disposed to think the war was to be carried on in the Yakima and Walla Walla valleys rather than at home. In a special message delivered extemporaneously to the...

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