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Collection: Indian Home Guard

Department of Interior Reports 1A – 5A

No. 1 A. FORT GIBSON. C. N., August, 1, 1865. DEAR SIR: I have, been here for a month attending to business for the Cherokees and Creeks, particularly for bark pay of deceased soldiers and pensions for widows. The three Indian regiments were mustered out the 31st of May, 1865, and each company had a white lieutenant, and I am the attorney for them all. It is reported here that these lieutenants and others are now making out papers in Kansas to draw the pay of deceased soldiers and the bounty of those who were not paid, and that General Blunt is certifying to such claims as well as others. I write this to request you to withhold all action on any claims of these regiments of Indian Home Guards until my arrival in Washington, which will be about the 1st of October. My authority is derived from the Indians, officers, and soldiers, the chiefs, and the United States Indian agents. Judge Harlan, Dunn, and Coleman are here. and are well qualified to fill those places. As to Mr. Sell, I will say nothing until I see you. Yours, JOHN W. WRIGHT. Hon. JUSTIN HARLIN. No. 2 A. Department Of The Interior, Washington, D. C. July 11, 1866. SIR: It having come to my knowledge that it considerable number of Cherokees, Creeks, and other Indians have appointed you their...

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Letter, Department of the Interior

Department of the Interior, Washington D. C., April 30, 1872. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the following resolution, adopted by the House of Representatives, December 11, 1871: Resolved, That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, directed to transmit to this House copies of all letters, telegrams, and reports of special agents and other official papers or records of the Department pertaining to the payment of bounties, back pay, and pensions to the First, Second, and Third Regiments of Indian Home Guards, together with copies of all letters in the ease taken from the pension agency at Fort Gibson, Arkansas, (Indian Territory.) The voluminous papers herewith transmitted, will, I trust, be a sufficient apology for the delay in forwarding reply. I have the honor to submit herewith copies of the documents called for, which for convenience of reference have been numbered. I also present, as briefly as the nature of the case will admit, a statement of the causes which led to the condition of things set forth in those documents, and the action of the Department from time to time relative thereto. Indian Troops During the war of the rebellion a number of the residents of the Indian Territory, members of the various tribes therein located, were organized into regiments for military service in the armies of the United States,...

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Alleged Frauds Against Certain Indian Soldiers

June 8,¬†1872.¬óLaid on the table and ordered to he printed. Mr. BURDETT, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, made the following REPORT The Committee on Indian Affairs to whom were referred the sundry papers, documents, and memoranda appertaining to certain transactions of John W. Wright and others with members of the First, Second, and Third Regiments Indian Home Guards, submitted to Congress by the Secretary of the Interior, with his letter of April 30, 1872, in response to the following House resolution: “Resolved, That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, directed to transmit to this House copies of all letters, telegrams, and reports of special agents and other official papers or records of his Department pertaining to the payment of bounties, back pay, and pensions to the First, Second, and Third Regiments of Home Guards, together with copies of all letters in the case, taken, from the pension agency at Fort Gibson, Arkansas;” submit the following report: That from the voluminous papers submitted by the Secretary of the Interior, and the complicated nature of the transactions involved, they have not found it possible, in the limited time allowed for their consideration, to make such a critical examination of the case as to enable them to lay before the House a full report of their conclusions in the matters involved; nor do they think it necessary,...

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Application for pension, Richard Humphries, Guardian of Fox Holt

Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, February 11, 1871. SIR: We enclose herewith application for pension of Richard Humphries, guardian of minor child of Fox Holt. A former claim was made in which Sealy, herself a minor child of the soldier, was made guardian, No. 129,946. She has since died, and we transmit original papers herewith. We are not disposed to recommend the allowance of guardians’ claims in general, as we believe that in most cases the money is misapplied. In this case, however, the applicant is a negro, and appears to be a steady, industrious man, as also his witnesses, all speaking English fluently, telling what they know candidly, and evidently impressed with a sense of their obligation to speak the truth under oath. The testimony is as good as can generally be obtained in this nation; and if such claims are to be admitted upon similar evidence, we recommend the allowance of this. Very respectfully, yours, GEO. E. WEBSTER, F. E. FOSTER, Special Agents of United States Pension-Office. Hon. H. VAN AERNAM, Commissioner of...

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Pension Peggy Wilson, Widow of Lacy Wilson

Fort Gibson, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, December 21, 1870. SIR: In the case of Peggy Wilson, widow of Lacy Wilson, certificate No. 104,631, we have this day suspended further payment on account of discrepancies between the allegations of her original declaration and those of her deposition of this date. The appearance of the pensioner, her advanced age, quiet deportment, and the promptness with which she responded to our interrogations, indicate her honesty and enlist our sympathies. We are inclined to believe her entitled to pension, though not upon the declaration and testimony on which her certificate was issued. It is a case which probably illustrates the utter recklessness with which most Indian claims have been drawn and substantiated. Having every facility for attestation and verification of testimony, care was taken only to have statements correspond with the Government records, and truth was disregarded, even when it was easily attainable and would have been equally efficacious as the statements connected. A slight comparison of the two papers enclosed will satisfy you of these facts. The original declaration is represented as made before Judge “Crofford,” with his signature appended and the seal of the Cherokee Nation affixed. Such a thing as the signature of Judge “Crofford” does not exist. Robert Crawford is judge of this district, and is unable to write at all. The signature was written by Albert Barnes, who...

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Names of claimants on the Pension Rolls

Department Of The Interior. Washington, D. C., March 15, 1866. SIR: In order to enable Mr. Whiting, while at Fort Gibson, to pay the pensions which, upon the investigation he is required to make there, may be found to be due, I have to request that you will inscribe the names of the following named claimants upon the pension-rolls the rates and commencement of the pensions allowed will be hereafter supplied; the names of those claimants thus inscribed upon the rolls, who may be found not to be legally entitled to pensions, will be stricken from the rolls on the receipt of his report after his return, viz: Ann Brown, widow of Isaac Brown. Atachita Davis, widow of John Davis. Akey Sanders, widow of Wilson Sanders. Arleg Walter, widow of Walter. Arleg Nar-cksi, widow of Wales-ka-bat. Anne Tun-nee-no-ce, widow of Tun-nee-no-ce. Ann Tiger, widow of Red Bird Tiger. Akey Cochrane, widow of Wind Cochrane. Anna Brown, widow of Thomas Brown. Ah-yak-noo-ci Bear, widow of John Bear. Alla Ellis, widow of Nathaniel Ellis. A-nee-key, widow of Water Hunter. Ah-nee, widow of Sid-a-wa-gy. Anna Baldridge, widow of Samuel Baldridge. Anna Blackbird, widow of William Blackbird. Aneey, widow of Os-na-se-ty. Aley Poor, widow of Poor. Anna Borrow, widow of Jack Borrow. Anna Cah-nah-s-sa-shi, widow of Cah-nah-s-sa-shi. Aky Walker, widow of John Walker. Aking Dragger, widow of Asa Dragger. Ah-ter Yan Deer, widow...

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Pension for William Thomas

Pension Agency, Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, December 24, 1870. SIR: There has been this day presented to me, for payment thereupon, pension certificate No. 105,261, invalid, dated September 1, 1870, in favor of William Thomas, late sergeant Company C, Eighth Missouri Volunteers, for $4 per month from 2d January, 1864, signed, “W. T. Otto, Acting Secretary,” and yourself as Commissioner. As at the time of issue of certificate Mr. Clapperton had been suspended, and his effects already seized, the notification is not found, and pensioner’s name is not recorded on the roll. Please have duplicate notification transmitted. Very respectfully, yours, GEO. E. WEBSTER, Pension Agent Hon. H. VAN AERNAM, Commissioner of...

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Application of Elijah Proctor Edward Crutchfield

Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, February 15, 1871. Sir: Herewith please find application of Elijah Proctor, formerly of Company H, Third Regiment of Indian Home Guards, relative to which, in the matter of limitation as to filing of claim we desire to submit the same presentation as to the existence of a prior claim, (which claimant alleges having twice applied for,) as was made in the case of Edward Crutchfield, whose application also accompanies this. Respectfully, yours, F. E. FOSTER. Hon. E. B. FRENCH, Second Auditor, Washington, D....

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Pension Katy Timberleg, widow of Charles Timberleg

Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, January 9, 1871. Sir: Herewith please find claim for pension, application No. 138478, of Katy Timberleg, widow of Charles Timberleg, formerly private of Company F, Third Indian. Home Guards, comprising the papers therein filed by John W. Wright, and the new declaration and additional evidence taken by us, with a duplicate copy of deposition made by said claimant, (prior to “declaration,”) which shows the manner in which her claim was prepared by the agents here of John W. Wright. Said deposition is intended for the Second Auditor’s information in investigating the bounty and back pay claims of said Katy Timberleg; and we have to request that it may be forwarded to him after you have considered it. The duplicate of said deposition, with the original abstract in the case, will be retained by us, (in lieu of the papers of the case sent herewith,) to enable us intelligently to take any further action that may be necessary in the case, and to accompany our general report of official operations here. We propose to adopt this method of forwarding claims, both “pending” and “admitted,” with such additions as the latter may require, leaving the briefs to be made out at the Pension-Office, as there may sometimes be no additional evidence required, (when we cannot decide,) and we request early information as to the acceptability of said...

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Declaration and Testimony of Nancy Jumper, widow of Jumper

Fort Gibson; Indian Territory, February 15, 1871. Sir: We enclose herewith additional declaration and testimony in the case of Nancy Jumper, widow of Jumper, application No. 110,510. If evidence as to birth of children of the character furnished is to be accepted, we recommend the allowance of this claim with increase. We have, as in all cases, fixed the date of birth at as early a day as it could have occurred consistently with the allegations of claimant and witnesses. The witnesses-George O. and Jesse Sanders-are intelligent men, speaking English fluently, and were both, as Jesse now is, neighbors of the claimant prior to the war. The discrepancies appearing in the declarations simply illustrate the method pursued by the attorney in conducting his business, and are no more glaring than usual. Respectfully, yours, GEO. E. WEBSTER, F. E. FOSTER, Special Agents United States Pension-Office. Hon. II. VAN AERNAM, Commissioner of Pensions. Widow’s declaration Indian Territory, Cherokee Nation, ss: On this 15th day of February, A. D. 1871, before me, George E. Webster, pension agent at Fort Gibson, in the nation aforesaid, personally appeared Nancy Jumper, a resident of Tahlequah district, Cherokee Nation, who being by me duly sworn, according to law, makes the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefits of the acts of Congress granting pensions to widows: That she is about forty-one years of age, and...

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Pension Nakey, widow of C. Georges

Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, January 9, 1871. SIR: Herewith please find claim of Nakey, widow of C. Georges, Ap. No. 138,405, with papers, including declaration and additional evidence as to service and death of soldier, and marriage and widowhood of claimant, sworn to and attested this day, and the papers previously filed by J. W. Wright, with a memorandum indorsed upon the ticket of said claim, which was transcribed from the report of the Adjutant General under date of November, 1865, now on file in your office, upon rolls of the said Adjutant General furnished at said time, comprising record of the enlistment, casualties, discharges, &c., of all the soldiers of the three Indian Home-Guard regiments known to have been enrolled. No further evidence being available in support of said claim hereat, the same is respectfully submitted for the claimant as it is. It is deemed unnecessary to add more concerning said claim, except that the claimant cannot procure the better evidence of marriage, and that the medical records at this post, where he died, are so defective as to preclude the possibility of ascertaining more certainly the cause of her husband’s death. Herewith please find also an affidavit of Albert Barnes, a copy of which we retain for future use, which will be found interesting by reason of the light it sheds upon the manner of preparation of...

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