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Quinault Indians

Quinault Indians – A corruption of kwi’nail, the name of the largest settlement situated at the present site of the village (Taholah) at the mouth of the Quinault River.

Quinault Connections. The Quinault belonged to the coastal division of the Salishan linguistic family.

Quinault Location. The valley of Quinault River and the Pacific coast between Raft River and Joe Creek.

Quinault Subdivisions. Lewis and Clark mention a division or associated band called Calasthocle.

Quinault Villages

(Olson’s (1936) list modified phonetically)

Quinault Population. Lewis and Clark in 1805 estimated 800 Quinault proper and 200 Calasthocle. Mooney (1928) estimated 1,500 in 1780 including the Quaitso, but Olson (1936) suggests 800 and regards that as too high if anything. This would reduce Mooney’s figure considerably since the Quaitso were a much smaller tribe. A tabulation recovered by Olson but believed to be from some Indian agent gave 95 Quinault in 1888. The Indian Office figure for the two tribes in 1907 was 196. The census of 1910, however, returned 288, presumably including the Quaitso. In 1923 the Indian Office returned 719 on the Quinault Reservation, perhaps representing several tribes, but that for 1937 gave 1,228 of the Quinault alone.

Connection in which the Quinault have become noted. Quinault Lake and River and a small town, all in Grays Harbor County, preserve the name of the Quinault.