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Flathead Indians of Bitter Root Valley Montana

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Extracts from Senate Executive Document #231 of the 51st Congress,
1st Session concerning Flathead Indian Allotments in Montana, 1889.

In 1890 the United States removed the Flathead Indians from the Bitter Root Valley to the Jocko Reservation in Montana. The Indians who gave their consent to the release of the Flathead lands are listed in this document along with the relating acts and supporting documents that we have found.

The Bitter Root Valley Lands

These lands lie in nine different townships, the extreme tracts being 24 miles apart. The allotters had the privilege either to accept the land so diminished or to select other lands.

Act of June 5, 1872
An act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana.

  1. Report Commissioner Garfield, November 15, 1872. (See Annual Report for 1872, p. 109.)

The above act is amended as to the payment of the annual installments and the purchase of land provided in section 2 by the act of Feb. 11, 1874, 18 Stat., 15, and as to the lands allotted to individual Indians by the acts of March 2, 1889, post, p. 326, and July 1, 1898, post, p. 667, providing for the sale of such lands with the consent of the allottees and the removal of the Indians to the Jocko Reservation.

By the act of March 3, 1891, post, p. 437, right of way was given the Missoula and Northern Railway through the Jocko Reservation.

A commission to negotiate with the Crow, Flathead, and other tribes was provided by the act of June 10, 1896, 29 Stat., 341 which was continued, by June 6, 1900, 31 Stat., 302, to June 30, 1901. (See Annual Report, 1900, p. 52.)

For further information we would suggest that readers search the following records:

  1. United State General Land Office records
  2. St. Ignatius Mission records
  3. Missoula County, Montana court records

Extracts fromSenate Executive Document #231 of the 51st Congress, 1st Session concerning Flathead Indian Allotments in Montana, 1889.

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