Diegueño Indians. Derived from the name of the Mission of San Diego.

Discover your
family's story.

Enter a grandparent's name to get started.

choose a state:
Start Now

Diegueño Connections. The Diegueno belonged to the Central division of the Yuman linguistic group, being most closely connected with the Kamia and Kiliwa, but that is reckoned a branch of the Hokan stock.

Diegueño Subdivisions. Northern Diegueno, in the eastern part of San Diego County and extending an indefinite distance southward into the Mexican State of Baja California.

  • Southern Diegueno, in the modern districts of Campo, La Posta, Manzanita,
  • Guyapipe, and La Laguna, and some territory in Baja California.

Diegueño Villages

  • Aha-hakaik, at La Laguna.
  • Akmukatikatl, inland on San Dieguito River.
  • Ahta (“cane”) or Hapawu, at Carrizo.
  • Ahwat, in Baja California.
  • Amai’-tu, at La Posta.
  • Amat-kwk’-ahwat, on the stream above Campo.
  • Amotaretuwe, inland between San Diego and Sweetwater Rivers.
  • Anyaha, at the headwaters of San Diego River.
  • Atlkwanen, on the head of San Dieguito River.
  • Awaskal, location unknown.
  • Ekwiamak, on the head of Sweetwater River.
  • Emitl-kwatai, at Campo. Ewiapaip, at Guyapipe.
  • Hakum, in or near Jacumba Pass.
  • Hakutl, south of San Marcos Creek.
  • Hamacha, on the middle course of Sweetwater River.
  • Hamul, at the head of Otay River.
  • Hanwi, location uncertain.
  • Hapai, south of San Dieguito River.
  • Hasasei, location uncertain.
  • Hasumel, location uncertain.
  • Hata’am, location uncertain.
  • Hawai, location uncertain.
  • Hawi, at Vallecitos.
  • Inomasi, location uncertain.
  • Inyahkai, at La Laguna.
  • Kamachal, location uncertain.
  • Kohwat, location uncertain.
  • Kokwitl, location uncertain.
  • Kosmit, at the head of San Diego River.
  • Kosoi, at San Diego.
  • Kwalhwut, location uncertain.
  • Kulaumai, on the coast near the mouth of San Dieguito River.
  • Kwatai, at the head of Cottonwood Creek.
  • Maktati, location uncertain. Maramoido, location uncertain.
  • Mat-ahwat-is, location uncertain.
  • Matamo, location uncertain.
  • Met-hwai, southwest of San Ysidro Mountain.
  • Meti, location uncertain.
  • Mitltekwanak, on San Felipe Creek and the head of San Dieguito River. Netlmol, location uncertain.
  • Nipawai, on lower San Diego River.
  • Otai, about Otai Mountain.
  • Pamo, between the heads of San Dieguito and San Diego Rivers.
  • Paulpa, at the north end of San Diego Bay.
  • Pauwai, inland between San Dieguito and San Diego Rivers.
  • Pokol, location uncertain.
  • Pu-shuyi, inland east of San Diego.
  • Sekwan, on the middle course of Sweetwater River.
  • Setmunumin, southeast of Mesa Grande.
  • Shana, location uncertain.
  • Sinyau-pichkara, on the middle course of San Dieguito River.
  • Sinyau-tehwir, at the head of San Diego River.
  • Sinyeweche, northeast of San Diego.
  • Suapai, location uncertain.
  • Tapanke, location uncertain.
  • Tawi, west of San Ysidro Mountain.
  • Tlokwih, near North Peak.
  • Totakamalam, at Point Loma.
  • Tukumak, at Mesa Grande.
  • Wemura, location uncertain.
  • Witliinak, on a head branch of San Diego River.

Diegueño Population. Kroeber (1925) estimates 3,000 Diegueno and Kamia together in 1770; in 1925, between 700 and 800. The census of 1930 gave 322.