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The Osage Massacre

When the treaty council with the Osage at Fort Gibson broke up in disagreement on April 2, 1833, three hundred Osage warriors under the leadership of Clermont departed for the west to attack the Kiowa. It was Clermont’s boast that he never made war on the whites and never made peace with his Indian enemies. At the Salt Plains where the Indians obtained their salt, within what is now Woodward County, Oklahoma, they fell upon the trail of a large party of Kiowa warriors going northeast toward the Osage towns above Clermont’s. The Osage immediately adapted their course to that pursued by their enemies following it back to what they knew would be the defenseless village of women, children, and old men left behind by the warriors. The objects of their cruel vengeance were camped at the mouth of Rainy-Mountain Creek, a southern tributary of the Washita, within the present limits of the reservation at Fort Sill.

Treaty of April 1, 1850

Articles of a convention concluded in the city of Washington, this first day of April, on thousand eight hundred and fifty, by and between Ardavan S. Loughery, commissioner especially appointed by the President of the United States, and the undersigned head chief and...

Miller, Barbara Ann – Obituary

Wallowa, Wallowa County, Oregon Barbara Ann Miller, 58, of Wallowa, Oregon, died Wednesday, Feb. 5, 1992, at her home of an extended illness. She was born June 28, 1933 at Beckwith to Samuel and Russie Treadway. Through her life, she worked at the Bureau of Indian...

Warhol, Peter – Obituary

Peter Warhol, 99, a former Halfway resident, died Nov. 3, 2002, at a nursing home in Cedar Falls, Iowa. He had elected to receive only comfort measures for pneumonia, thereby dying as he had lived: on his own terms. A memorial service will be held November 21, in...

Willis, Patricia Emma Paulson Mrs. – Obituary

Patricia Emma Paulson Willis, 86, formerly of Haines, died in Washington, D.C. in 2005. Private family internment of her ashes is scheduled April 2 at Mount Hope Cemetery. There will be a no-host dinner afterward at the Haines Steak House at 5 p.m. Anyone wishing to...

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