Location: Monroe County TN

1759, 12 May, Fort Loudoun

Sir As Charles McGunigham was going to town I have detained him two days to Acquaint you Excellency with what has happened here Lately when the Mortar was here, the Little Carpenter sent Fiftoe one of the head men of Theowee over with a Mefsage to be Easy & Quiet until he Came home, & that he had made every thing up in Virginia, the same night one Moytoy & two mor head men of Settico Stay’d all night in the town house with the mortar, & next morning three Gang’s out of that town sett out under pretence of Going a hunting but there Scheme was of Going to war Against the Back Inhabitants of Virginia. A few day’s ago two gangs Returned with three white men’s Scalp’s, & last Thursday Night Moytoy and his Gang returned & brought in Twelve Scalps, Men, Women, & Children, they same Night the Great Warrior who had gone down the river a little way Returned & Complained very much to him of the behaviour of the Settico people. He declared that the knew nothing of it, & if he had been here nothing of that shou’d have happened. I desired him to tell old Hopp, the Standing Turkey & himself to come & dine this day with me, to consult what was to be done on this Occafsion that I might...

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1757, August 31, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 21st of the Instant arrived here and Exprefs from M. Atkins the Agent at Winchester in Virginia, with a Letter for me and another for old Hop and the warrious, I shall not Mention any thing of that Letter, as I doubt not but Your Excellency has Received a Coppy of the Same beore now from Fort Prince George. As the Exprefs told me that he had wrote it himself and gave it to Ensign Bogges that it might be sent to you. The next day I sent for old Hop and the _____of the Warriours, and beig Assembled read to them M. Atkins Letter they said but Little on that Subject, they set down to their Dinner and an hour sent for the Exprefs, the desired him to write a letter them to the Governour of Virginia, and Inclosed I send you a Coppy of it. On the 24th Instant Coldifson arrived here with Letters from Your Excellency, I immediately sent word to Old Hopp and the other head men that an Exprfs was come from Charlestown and desired them to be at the fort the next day, They came Except old Hopp, ( the reason of his not Coming was that on of Grand children was Sick) The Carpenter, the Great Warriour and Other head said that they where Enough and that I might read...

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2 May 1759, Fort Loudoun

Sir j have recived your Dispatch five Days ago James Holmes and yesterday j recived another from Lieut Coytmore. j am to acquaint you Excellency that the Mortar with his Gang is gone, not to the Place where he intended, (because j did anything in my Power to prevent it) but to Catowa in one of the Forks of Cousa River below Cousavatee about thirty miles. Everything is quiet at present Maximilian More is not come yet but j Expect him Every Day. the 27 of Last month arrived here the great Warrior, with a Scalp of a French Indian as he told me, they have lost one of their People in the Expedition, as I had no presents then to give them, j told him that I expected some Every Day and when they came j would reward them, he told me that it was very well, and went away Satisfied. He told me, that one Day as he was coming back, he met with one thick Leg’s Gang on the Scout, who told him that they were going towards the French Fort with three whit Men full resolved to do mischief and to bring a French Prisoner alive. the Same Day that he arrived j told him in private that Since he went away, Old Hop and the Standing Turkey had given me Room to be on...

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1759, January 27, Fort Loudoun

Sir Few Days ago the Hunters brought me a very Large Tyger’s Skin with the Clawths on’t, and only a fine Beaver Skin, cased as j gave them Directions, with the Clawths, Head, and Tail, j have Sent them to be dressed, and as Soon they are ready j shall Send them to your Excellency. J have likewise a Nest of jndians Baskets, most finished, if they are agreeable to you, j shall Send them also. J Expect more Skins by other Hunter’s when you Excellency Shall thinck proper to have me released j shall be infinitly obliged if you lett me know Some time before. J am with the greatest Regard. Sir Your Excellency’s Most obedient & most humble Servant Paul...

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1757, July 9, Fort Loudon Letter 2

Sir This Acknowledges the receit of your Excellency’s Letter, which I should have Answered Sooner, but nothing Matterial happening I Omitted it, as I did not care to be troublesome to your Excelency. The Fort is Pallisaded all round Agreable to M. Debrahm’s plan, and a Row of Barrack’s built for the Soldiers, There is a few other houses to build which When done is all wee are Capable of doing. Captain Demere has ordered me to take the Charge of Captain Postells Compy during his Absence and Acquainted me that your Excellency wanted a Muster Roll of the Said Company to the 25th March which I have Inclosed and cant Pretend to Say its absolutely right aaas I am Quite a Stranger to the Company, but it is a coppy from one left with the Commifsary by Capt. Postell, As Capt. Demere & Captain Stuart wrties your Excellency in rigard to this place, it would be Needlefs for me to Enter upon that Subject, I am with Great Respect. Your Excellency’s Most Humble & Most Obedient Servant P....

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1757 July, Fort Loudoun

Sir By Dennis Hegan I was honoured with your Excellys Letter of 9th ultimate, I can with pleasure Afsure your Excellency that Since my arriavall here I have not been able to discover anything in the behaviour of the Indians but what denotes good humour & Freindship, and give me Reason to hope that the Machinations of the french & Their Emmifaries are Frustrated. I shall now, Sir, From what Light I have acquired give your Excellency the best Idea I can of the State of the Trade in this Nation, when I said that he traders durst not go to Charles Town, I meant on Account of their debt. The Only personin these overhill Towns, who has for Some years past been able to Supply the Indians properly is Elliot, who’s character Your Excelly is no Stranger too. I am informed that his horses are now gone to Charles Town for Goods. M. McQueen can tell whether they will bring up any and what quantity, besides him there are two or three on this Side the Mountain who by importing Small Cargoes make a shif_ to Live but are very insufficient to Supply the Towns, Tallico wants a trader much, they have never been properly Supplyed Since Goudy left off Storekeeping there. Excepte Elliot I know of no Trader in this Nation that has Credit Enough to procure...

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1757, July 11, Fort Loudoun Letter 1

Sir Juft as my Dispatches were a letter from Capt. Morris Arrived from Theowee, Dispatched from Esign Bogges, with a letter from Capt. Daniel Pepper, from New Windfor, a Coppy of which I send your Excellency with a letter from Leiut. Wall Directed to me, & a coppy of another that he wrote to John Hatton of Theowee which Original Ensign Bogges acquaints me that he has Sent to your Excellency, together with one of James Nosmith I do no Approve of Leuit. Wall writing to me to interceed for him with your Excellency, after his last Behaviour in attempting to go to the french for he is too great an Offender for me to Solicit anything in his favour, The purport of Capt. Dan Pepper Dispatches are of Such a Nature that I am amased and at a Lofs to imagine what can be the Reafon of Such Runing Reports, when everything here appears quiet and Calmn, they are only old Folk’s Renewed again, but before this Mefsenger went off I Sent for the Little Carpenter, and axquainted him with the Contents of Capt. Daniel Pepper Letter, which he Approved much off, for being Sent for, and gave me the following Anfwer thereupon, he Says that when he cam home, and heard that the Mefsengers that went to the Oak Chois was Returned back to Chota with two...

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1757, Certificates issued from Fort Loudoun

A List of Certificates Ifsued by me from Fort Loudoun 1757 June 1.  To Joseph Galloway for Horse hire Imployed on the works £ 21.— £20& £40  To William Gibbes for ditto in 2 Certificates 60.— To Cornelius Doharty for the freight of Soldiers Cloatking from Augusta 49.7.6 7 To John Stevens for 3 months pay as Head Carpenter due this day 60.– 13 To John Elliot for freight of flower & Bacon 295.15.— 23 To Walter Bateman for malting a drain thro the Fort and breaking Stones for Chimneys 100.— 27 To John Hatton for Supplying Denis Haigen with Horses 20.— To Cornelius Cockley for freight of _____ and _____ 255.1.6 To Thomas Hawkins for Ditto 300.10.— To Patrick Campbell for Horse hire Imployed on the works 46.— To James Moon for horse hire Imployed about the Catle 24.— To Thomas Mills for freight of 150 flower 10.10 To Capt. Stuart for freight due to his Company for provision on the Road from Keowee to this place 50,— July  1 To Henry Gallman for Bacon & freight 458.9 To Samuel Benn for freight 221.18 To Jacob Glaughenburg for 5 months additionall pay for making Fachines 40.— To Adam Keyler for ditto 40.— To Corneluis Cockley for the-hire of a Horse he Supply’d Denis Haigen 12.— To Tho. Keyler for ditto 40.— £ 2104.11.– John...

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1757, July 11, Fort Loudown Letter 3

May it Please your Excellency On the 2d Instant M. Grim arrived here with 99 Head of Catle, they are the best brought up yet and deserves to be continued in the Imploy. I have sent Patrick Troy and Patrick Gallahan with 20 Horses to be Loaden with Salt, and as Salt is an Ariticle much made use of here I have order’d Henry Gallman to sent two waggons to Town to be Loaden with 50 bushels Salt, And if the Ozenbrigs and plains I wrot for in my former is not sent, it may be Loaden in the waggons. There is Bread Kind in Store and on the Road Suffitient to Serve to the 1 of December next. Inclosd a List of Certificates Ifsued since my former, I Shall be oblidged to Ifsue for Small sums for want of Cash here, I a with due Respect Your Excellencys Most humble and most Obedient Servant John...

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1757, August 23, Fort Loudoun

Friends and Brothers I once Desired you to meet me and my People at Broad River which you Did. And at time you Promised to Build a fort in my nation which you have Performed. According to Your Agreement. But I am much surprised at your not sending men to Garison your fort as you Promised to Do. I muft Put you in mind of the Traid you have so often talked of. I hope you will not Delaye in sending men and all nefsearys fit for a fort. I hope it will Be of advantage to you as well as to us. & all so I Do Expect you will send a good Brother to command hear, and all so send a suficent Quanty of Ammunition and guns, at this time we have nothing to Put in our guns, I must tel you I think it very hard of your Building a fort hear and not sending men to it. I all ways Promised to afsist you With my Young men and I Could have Ben as good as my word had you sent men hear as you Proposed When you agreet to Build this fort and then we should have Ben a Help to one another. I once more Desire you to send and garison your fort. For I Dayle Expect to have Blood Spilt By our...

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1757, August 25, Talk given to the Indians at Fort Loudoun

Willm Shorey Linquaster I am Glad to see you Warriours and Beloved Men once more afsembled to sit and talk here with your Brothers. I am now going to talk with you, but first let me afsure you ( as I have been told you hat lyes) that I shall now and at all time, like a Good Brother tell you the truth as the Power above shall be a witnefs of. The reason of my Sending for you was to communicate to you the contents of some letters received from the Governour and talk a little with you. You remember Allahulla hulla what you and old Hop writ to you Borther the Governour concerning Elliott you told him that he had been a Rogue but that he Promifsed to amend and you therefore desired that he might bring up goods as usual to Chotee He is now returned without goods What think you of it? I doubt not but you blame the Governour but if you do, you are wrong, for Elliott, who Promifsed when he went from her to bring up Goods for you, when he got to town, told the Governour that he wou’d not on any account, bring up Goods again to you Nation. Your Good Brother the Governour who is ever Studying for your welfare was verny angry, and had it not been on...

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1757, July 9, Fort Loudon Letter 1

Sir On the 5th Instant the two Mefsenger’s that where Sent to the Creek Nation, by Old hop, Arrived at Chota, one of them was not well pleafed, that we Should have killed the Savannah’s, whil he was in the Creek Nation, he Say’s he might have Lost his Life by it, they Report that when the five Savannah’s that made there Escape, got their they made great Complaints to the Creeks, of the I’lh usave of the English, the Creeks told them that they had been too Buisy, and Should not interger themselves in matters which did not concern them, they ought to have Stayed at home, and not carry Lies from one place to another for if you go amongst them again, more of you will be killed,& then you must take that for our pains, this is the Comfort and Re eption the Creek’s gave them; there is two Creek Warriours Sent as Mefsengers to Old hop, which is come in with the two Cherokees, and are now at Chota, with a talk that no Body is to know any thing of the matter till the time tis to be Deliver’d, at the Town house of Chota, which is to be in aeight or ten days hence, Old hop has Sent Runners to all the Towns, even as far as Theowee to Summons people of all...

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1757, February 23, Supplying the Garrison of Fort Loudon

The following officers were this day called together by orders of Capt. Raymond Demere to consult the most Expedient Method for Supplying the Garrison of Fort Loudon with Provisions and to examine the Commifsary’s Return of this Date. VizCapt. John Portell Luiet Probart Howorth Luiet John Grey Luiiet Robert Wall Luiet James Adamson Ensign Richard Coytmore Ensign Maurice Anderson Upon Examining the Commifsary’s Return of this date, we find the following Provifsions in the Store Vis Corn Flower 110 Buffshells 600 Salt Pork Beef 200 4 Quarters Making in the whole 16 days Bread and 2 days _______ for the whole Garrifson We Unanimously agreeFirt That the Commqanding Officer do sent Immediately for W. John Elliott and appoint one of the Said Officers to Treat and agree with W. Elliott for all the corn he can Spare at the Lowest Price. 2__That the Commifsary do take the most Speedy Method to forward to this Fort all the Provifsions at Fort Prince George. 3__The the Commifsary do also Make use of the Quickest Measures to forward the Provifsions from the Congrees which the Commandg Officers ordered him to Purchase. 4__That all the live Stock be killed and Salted as soon as Proper Cisterns be Made for that Purpose. John Postell P. Howorth John Gray Robert Wall James Adamson Richard Coytmore Maurice...

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Biography of F. M. Richards

F. M. RICHARDS. The calling of the merchant is one of the utmost importance in any community, and one of its most successful followers at Rome, Douglas County, Missouri, is F. M. Richards, who has been a resident of the county since 1867. He was born in Monroe County, Tennessee, March 31, 1836, a son of Frederick and Elizebeth (Renfro) Richards. the former of whom was born in Kentucky, a son of John Richards. Mrs. Richards was also born on Blue Grass soil and was a daughter of William Renfro. The subject of this sketch was but two years old when he was left fatherless, and was but fourteen years of age when his mother died. He was one of five sons and three daughters: Samuel, John, Halloway, Peter, F. M., Mallissa, Margaret and Martha. Halloway and the subject of this sketch were soldiers of the Civil War. The latter came to Missouri in 1856, while still unmarried and engaged in farming in the vicinity of Springfield, in Greene County, and there lie was married after a time to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of John and Barthena Nablett, who died in Arkansas and Greene County, Missouri, respectively. When the war opened the subject of this sketch enlisted in the Twenty-fourth Missouri Infantry, and served three months in the Home Guards, after which he was for three years in the regular...

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Biography of James C. Harmon

JAMES C. HARMON. It is the men of broad and comprehensive views who give life to communities-men who have foresight and energy, pluck and push to forward their enterprises and still retain an untarnished reputation through it all. Such a man is James C. Harmon, who is one of the leading citizens of Cleburne County, Arkansas He was born in Monroe County, Tennessee, in 1846, and is a son of Peter and Caroline (Kirkland) Harmon, natives also of that county, their marriage taking place near Madison. From their native State they removed to Arkansas, in 1849, and located in Independence County, but from there moved to Van Buren County in 1856, where the mother passed from life. In 1863 the father was taken prisoner by the Federals and died at Little Rock, having been a member of an Arkansas regiment. He was a successful tiller of the soil, and a man of good habits and principles, and had always given his support to the Democrat party. His wife was a Methodist. They reared a family of eight children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the second in order of birth. James C. Harmon was educated at the public schools of Independence County, and was brought up to a knowledge of farming. In the early part of the Civil War he joined McRae’s regiment, with which he served...

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