Location: Monroe County TN

1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 1

Sir On the 20th Inftant M. Elliot came into the fort, and it seems that matters goes on very bad by the Oppinion the Indians have Consived of us so Suddenly, on Account of Jellousy for he want of the Ammunition, on Such a criticall Juncture of time, not only war, but they cant go out and kill a bit of meat for their family’s, that in Short they imagine we want oly a Large quantity of Privifsions and Ammunition in the fort, and then a body of men will come up and od what we pleafe with them, as we Deprive them from Ammunition and every thing else, after So many promifses to them, M. Elliot acquainted me that the next day there was to do a meeting at his houfe of Several headmen on this very Account, and that he thought they would not let him go to Charles Town, except Some few of them Should go with him, in order to know the Refon why they were not provided with thofe Necefsary’s that they want, I told him to bring them here, and I should be glad to Redrefs their greviances and if any of them would go to Charles Town with him that I would be glad, and Shall write to the Governour in their favour, and that ehy will be convinced in a Little...

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1759, August 28, Fort Loudoun

Sir Your Dispatches of the 31st of July, I recd. By James Holmes: I acquainted your Excellency by Charles McCuningham of the Little Carpenter being gone to Warr, with thirty Young fellows and Willi_awaw, with him. He was no sooner gone but I found great attentions in the Disposition and Mind of the Indians; for he kept them very quiet. Tho’ I thank God I live here very easy, in the Upper Towns, and I hear no bad Talks, tho I do not know how long it will continue. I have Recd. Intelligence from the Lower Towns, that it is not so with them, and that they have very bad Talks, and bring White People’s Scalps every Day. They give out there (tho without any foundation) that the Little Carpenter is gone to the French Fort, to make a Peace with the French, and that as soon as he comes back, the Warr will Begin. They may say what they please, I do not believe it, and am almost sure of the company, for a little white before he went away he gave me all the Afsurance of Friendship for the English, and desird me not to mind what I was told in his absence that he was going for Fort Afsumption, to endeavour to a French Prisoner, that he might know what the French were about, and to...

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1759, April 6, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 14th Isntn. Arrived the Exprefs with Dispatches from you Excellency, I hope James Holme’s whom I have sent with an Exprefs to Your Excellency is Arrived Safe, I afshure you When I sent Him, we did not know what to make of the Indian’s there was Nothing but bad talks Amongst them, & they had Meetings every day, Old Hopp & the Standing Turkey seem’d to Protect them verry much, I do not know what to make of Judge Friend, I have great reason to believe that Willinaway is sincere, he has been Constantly at there Meetings, And opposed them when they were giving bad talks, & has Allways Given me Notice of it, The other Day they had a Great Meeting Where all the head Men Where present & the Mortar finding that his Proposals were not Approved of by the Comisiners he began to drop his bad talks, deny’d that his Name was the Mortar, that he was Called the Wolf, & a friend to the English, & the next day went Away but said he wou’d Soon return, Some of the head men Afsured us we need not be under Any Apprehension for they wou’d not Give Ear to their bad talks, The exprefs has brought me a letter from the Little Carpenter, wherein he desired me to Acqua. Old Hopp, that he was...

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1757, June 1, The Creek Nation

Dearest Friend, I hope your goodnefs will excuse the freedome of my Exprofsing my Self as it flows from a Sole truly sencible of the many remarcable Instances of friendship I havereed from you, A Detail of my trouble & misfortunes, can not be new to you as they must have reach’d your ears, before this time, The flights of ungovernd youth aded to my trouble of Leaveing Fort Loudoun Exageratied by the force of Excefsive Drinking at Theowee deprived me of my reason & has occasioned a misquidence in my Conduct which has thrown me into the utmost Trouble and Misery, its riported that I intended to go to the french but I most Solomosly Declare no such Design ever entered into my Immajination for I was on my way to Charlestown when Capt. Pepper sent after me and has ordered me Down undor a Guard having first taken from me my __ath’s, Sword & Pistols, & my Sirits are so Deprefs’d and weigh’d down with Care & _______that my Senses have allmost left me. Oh Wretched Man that I am Loaded with Care and covered with misfortunes for God sake my Dear Capt. Demere __frend me in this my verry great Trouble, I am sencible what influence your Letters have, Oh for God sake afsist me & Mke me your Vafe all that I may repay your...

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1759, May 5, Fort Loudoun

Sir As j am incertain when j shall be relived, j have sent the Woman, that was the Care of the Store, to buy Some Necessares of Lift, by her j sent to your Excellency a test of jndian’s Baskets, and a Beaver’s Skin which j beg you will accept, and if any thing Else Cover these Mountains & is agreeable to you, j shall be obliged to you to send me your Orders, and j shall do my best Endeavour to get it. as Every Thing is quiet now in these Parts j have wrote to Lieut. Coytmore to not send men here for fear to disoblidge the jndians, till he should hear further from your Excellency, and in case j should hear of the approach of the Enemy j would sent for them, besides as Carriage for Provisions is very heavy on the Publick, and Some time very difficult, j a afraid that Some time or other, we should be in want having great Number of Men here. J shall allways thought that the Certificates of the People whom your Excellency approved of had been Constantly accepted, til the other Duy when four of them were Sent back again to me and a imagined they were as good as the Bank j did take them to make Payments in Town. J refer to Dr. Matin, and Dr....

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1759, April 12, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 5th of Febry. 1758, j sent on Acct. to your Excellency of Thing issued to the jndians to the Amount of 355 Curoy. In favour of Messrs. Sonjn. Smith & ____________and as those Gentlemen never wrote to me about it, j am afraid it was never pat’d therefore j beg, your Excellency will Speack that j may be pay’d, it was 3 Days after my arrival, and all the Gentlemen then present persuaded me to do it as my Brother had not Enough to give to large Gang of Indians that came from War. The other Day two Certificates that j gave to Beacon that take to keep the Glacis in good Repair, Came back not accepted j assure your Excellency that man gets little by his Salary, for he is very often obliged to hire people to assist him to Cut Pincheons for the Ditches and to Carry Earth of the Glacis, as it is often washed down by the Rain. Mr. Smith wrote me word, that the Committee had cut of thirty Pounds of Six Months Salary due to the Smith. J assure you that j am afraid to Speack to him about it, for fear he would not work any more, for he is Constantly at work, the Indians bringing Every Day Some Thing or other to do, and j cant deny them. I...

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir This Morning I Delivered my Dispatches to M. Elliot, and was in hopes that he had been thirty Miles off when in the Evening the Bearer of theis Moyetoy of Chota a Leading man came to me and told me that he had an inclinaiton to go to Charles Town with M. Elliot, this thing is done on purpofe, for Elliot is afraid to be arrefted and he thinks that having Some Indians with him, that he will be protected and come off, which I hope he may on Account of the Publick good, he did what ever he could to have the great warriour to go with him, and he had promised him to the very, Laft, and was to have carryed his Commifsion with him, that if in café Elliot had been arrefted to have given it up if he had not been Set at Liberty immediately, I conclude with the Greateft of Respect Sir Your Excellecny most humble & Obedient Servant Ray Demere It will be proper to take some notice of the man, what he Says when he comes back will have a great...

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 3

Sir I had the honour of writing to your Excellency this day b M. Elliot who went from the fort about Two hors ago, the Bearer hereof Amahatoy came this Minute and Acquainted me that he had a very great Inclination to Accompany Elliot to Town of which I have informed Captain Demere, altho it is not altogether agreable to Captain De,ere that he does go yet he does not Choose to hinder him at this time. He is a man of Some Note here being a head man and a Warriour, and altho old hop and the Carpenter said nothing about it, he certainly goes with their Consent and Approbation be insisted much on my Writing by him which occasions my Troubling Your Excellency with this Letter what he says at his return will have great weight with the Indians. It is probable M. Elliot may have Some View in carrying this fellow down. If Elliot cannot procure Credit for goods it will not be so proper that he should be the first to bring accounts of it to the Indians. I hope Your Excellency will Excuse the Freedome with which I write my Sentiments concerning affairs in this Nation I am with the Greatest Respect Sir Your Excellency’s Most obedient and most humble Servant John Stuart Fort Loudoun 23 July 1757 To His Excelly Gov....

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 4

Sir When I began the Last Leter which I had the honour of writing to your excellency, I though nothing could be more certainly depended on than that all French Talks were forgotten and all their Machination Frustrated in this nation but before I had finished the mefsenger Sent by these people to the Creek nation returned, we found out that they had been with the Savannahs and at the Albama Fort, and we had reason to believe from the behaviour and Character of the persons who had been Employed on that Embafsie, that the mefsages they Carried and brought back were not favourable to us, the heads of all the Towns in the Nation were Summonsed to meet at Chota on the 14th Currant, but very few of the Leading men Came from the Valley and Lower Towns and but for a few from the Middle Settlements. They said Publickly that they Expected to hear nothing good, and that they were tired of bad Talks, about the Same time Captain Demere received M. Pepper’s Seller from New windsor acquainting him with the information he had received from the Coveta’s of these peoples designes against us here and of their proposalls to the Creek nation, I thought it not improper to Speak to the Carpenter on this Subject, acquainting him that our information came by the Creeks for altho...

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1759, September 13, Fort Loudoun

Sir By mere chance I receiv’d Your Dispatches of the 15th Ultimate, & can afsure You that the Indians over here were peaceable until they heard the Ammunition was stop’d, & then they grew very uneasy; & the Mefsenger which Old-Hop & the Standing Turkey had sent to the Albama Fort returning at the same Time, took that opportunity of telling them that the time was now come for the English to cut him off, which they might plainly see by their stopping the Ammunition, this made them worse. And being inform’d that there was some Provisions on the Road, the Man-killer of that town, with some more, went out & way-laid the Road for them, & kill’d one Peter, a Man belonging to Mr. Beamer, who happen’d to be foremost with his Horfes, & I imagine wou’d have kill’d the other, had not Captain C__sar been in company with him, the 7th Instant, being the last Day of their Green Corn Dance. The town of Settiquo taking part with Telliquo , sent four men to way-lay this fort, where they kill’d & scalp’d a Man within a hundred Yards of our Corn Field; & last night, some Fellows belonging to the same Town, killed & scalp’d one William Veal, that traded in Chittowee. Four Days ago I sent a Part of Men to drive in the Cattle, &...

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1757, July 11, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir On the 9th Instant the Little Carpenter came with Several of the head men into the fort, and brought two _________of Stillards with him, from the Traders to Compare them to the pair our Excellency has Sent, which they Like much one of the pair proved good, and the other very bad, which did belong to that Elliot, what weighs twelve pounds on the new Stillards, weighs but ten in his, and his yard is a good deal Shorter than you Sent, the Little Carpenter Says that you told your Excellency, that he ws a great Rogue and now he hoped that you would be convinced, by my Acquainting you of it, and by what I saw, by sending his Stillards to Chareles Town to your Excellency, which the great Warriour took from Elliots people, he being now Virginia, he further Say’s that here is a man that mend’s Gun’s and hatchets, it would be good that the Governour would Send a man that can Stock Guns, when their Guns are broke, he Say’s that when he was Down Left, he told the Governour that his Nation wanted Traders that would Supply them with a Sufficient Quanity of goods in their Towns, for the Traders that is amongst tehm, brings but very few goods, which Occasion’s their people So many Talks amongst them, and Say’s that the Governour...

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1759, October 1, Fort Loudoun

Sir I hope your Excellency has Received the Letter that I sent by Samll. Been, when he was going down to Keowee with the Great Warrior, which Letter I was obliged to put in the lining of his saddle for fear of any accident. The Great Warrior the Day before he went to Keowee, as I had ingaged him to go there for severall reasons, first of all to give a strong Talk to all the Towns, that he went through; to Live in Peace and Friendship with the English and not to mind the falsity that was represented to them, by our Enemys: and to afsure them that the English wou’d never forsake them, as long as they wou’d Stand true. He told me, that as I was sent down to Keowee, to receive the Hunting Amunition, that had been stop’d there by the Warriors,) ( and in the same time to meet Capt. Stuart whome I told him was coming here, to settle all Differences by your Orders, he wou’d take care of him, and bring him safe to the Fort, and that he wou’d raise his Voice so high in all the Towns, that he shou’d go through, that I shou’d hear it at Tuchego: he told me that before he shou’d come back, he hoped the Little Carpenter wou’d be come back from Warr, and...

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1759, November 3, Fort Loudoun

Sir Sixteen Days ago I Reed, a letter from Capt. Stuart, and inclosed a Copy of a letter from your Excellency to him. The 24th of last month arrived Little Carpenter, and Willeleway with their Gang, having two French Prisoners, with them; as he knew very well, that there was at Fort La Afsumption, great many Savana Indians, constantly watching, and on Scouts, he went on Mifsifsipi River, where he knew that there were constantly People pafsing and repafsing, from New Orleans, to New Charlres, and from thence to Fort La Afsumption: he thought to meet some whom he might take Prisoners: but having wait’d sometime in vain, and his Scouts having discover’d fresh tracks, towards For La Afsumption, he marched towards it. On the 15th of Sept. two of his Men came to give Notice, that they had discover’d White Men, and Indians Solling by the Water side: on which they advanced and unperceived fired on them, in the ingagement, the Carpenter had on kill’d on the spot, and an other wounded; who died soon afterwards. They kill’d three of the French and one Savana Indian, and took two French men alive. the enemy were fifteen in Number, and Sixteen of their Gang were gone that morning a Buffalo hunting. As the French were drefsing their _ictuals, when Surpriz’d having four Buffaloes with them our Indians eat very...

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1759, January 26, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 18th Instant arrived here the Exprefs with the Agreeable News of the Reduction of Fort DuQuenoi Immdiately I order’d From Tender Armis field, if Great Guns & the Shen Three Collies the Same Day Sent word to Old Hopp. I shod. Be with Him the Hea’t Day. Accordingly whent to Chotia & found him wth. The Standing sTurkey in his Hold House & as I intended to Spek with the Great Warriour, I desired him to Send for Him wch. He did I then told them, what yor. Excellency wrote to me Concerning this Reducttion of Fort DuQuenoi, & Read to them all the Paticulars, They Seam’’, to be very glad of it. I told ye. Likewise that this Govr. Of the Garifson had abanded the Fort, when they heard that our Army was hear & that they were all Gone Down ______River in Buttois’ Vas I had ________my -y on ye Gt. Warriour to go Towards ye French fort with Some White Men according to your Excellencies Instructions, I desir’d _____to Dine with me the ex’t Day at ye Fort because their was too many Indians Then Present & I did not Chouse to fell _____all what my intentions was. The Gt. Warriour & the Standing Turkey came, Old Hop Being Indispos’d after dinner I said to _____what your Excell,cy Request d, of Them & as...

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1759, 15 May, Fort Loudoun

Sir The Bearer of this is one Maximilliam More whom I acquainted you Excellency I had sent to Highwafsie for on purpose to send him out Accompany’d by one of my Soldiers to recon___trie the place where is was Reported the French were fortifying themselves, before he sett of I was informed that it was not Coosawatchee, but about Seventy mile farther where that River & Coosa River makes a Fork. He Accordingly sett off & carried his Son, Who no Accompany’s him, a young Lad very verry much Attach’d to our Interest and another Young Lad along with him, as they could do nothing of themselves for fear of being discovered, when they were arrived within Eight Mile, of the place, the Son desired his Father & the white men to hide themselves in a Cane Swamp Untill he & his Mate should return, which would be in two nights when he Came to the place where the Two River’s makes a Fork, he Discovered the Mortar’s Camp, & on the other side three Large Houses which they had built (but would no Suffer him to go over to see them, Suspecting as a Spy) He Say’s they talk’d much in praise of the French & Said they Soon Expected a great many of them to come there & settle the young lad had discovered Sails oars belonging...

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