Collection: Indian Tribes of North America

History of the Chippewa Cree Tribe

Rocky Boy’s Reservation was established by an Act of Congress on September 7, 1916. The Chippewa Cree Tribe (CCT, governing body) of the Rocky Boy’s Indian Reservation was organized in accordance with the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (34 Stat. P. 984) as amended by the Act of June 15, 1935. Thus, the Tribe gained federal recognition and is listed as the Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation, Montana, in the Federal Register, Vol. 68, No. 234, pp. 68179-68184. The governing document is the Constitution and By- Laws of the Chippewa Cree Tribe of the Rocky Boy’s Indian...

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Miami Indians

Miami is thought to be derived from the Chippewa word Omaumeg, signifying “people on the peninsula,” but according to their own traditions, it came from the word for pigeon. The name used by themselves, as recorded and often used by early writers, is Twigbtwees, derived from the cry of a crane. Also called: Naked Indians, a common appellation used by the colonists, from a confusion of twanh, twanh, the cry of a crane, with tawa, “naked.” Pkíwi-léni, by the Shawnee, meaning “dust or ashes people.” Sänshkiá-a-rúnû, by the Wyandot, meaning “people dressing finely, or fantastically.” Tawatawas, meaning “naked.” (See Naked Indians above.) Wa-yä-tä-no’-ke, cited by Morgan (1851). The Miami belonged to the Algonquian linguistic stock, their nearest immediate connections being with the Illinois. Location of the Miami Indians For territory occupied in Indiana, see History. (See also Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin.) Miami Villages and Subdivisions French writers divided the Miami into the following five bands: Atchatchakangouen Kilatika Mengakonkia Pepicokia Piankashaw Wea The last two later became recognized as independent tribes, the Pepicokia may have been absorbed by the Piankashaw but this and the other three divisions are no longer recognized. The following villages are: Chicago, on the site of the present city, probably occupied by Wea. Chippekawkay (Piankashaw), perhaps containing originally the Pepicokia band, on the site of Vincennes, Knox County, Indiana. Choppatee’s Village, on the west...

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Osage Indians

Osage Indians. A corruption of their own name Wazhazhe, which in turn is probably an extension of the name of one of the three bands of which the tribe is composed. Also called: Anahou, a name used by the French, perhaps the Caddo name. Bone Indians, given by Schoolcraft. The Osage were the most important tribe of the division of the Siouan linguistic stock called by J. O. Dorsey (1897) Dhegiha, which included also the Omaha, Ponka, Kansa, and Quapaw. Osage Locations The greater part of this tribe was anciently on Osage River, Mo., but from a very early period a smaller division known as Little Osage was on the Missouri River near the village of the Missouri Indians. (See also Arkansas, Kansas, and Oklahoma.) Osage Villages The two principal local divisions were the Great and Little Osages, mentioned above. About 1802 a third division, the “Arkansas Band,” was created by the migration of nearly half of the Big Osage to Arkansas River under a chief known as Big. Track. The names of the following Osage villages, some of them having the names of their chiefs, have been recorded: Big Chief, 4 miles from the Mission in Indian Territory in 1850. Black Dog, 60 miles from the Mission in Indian Territory in 1850. Heakdhetanwan, on Spring Creek, a branch of Neosho River, Indian Territory. Intapupshe, on upper Osage River...

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Linguistic Families of American Indians North of Mexico

Swanton’s The Indian Tribes of North America is a classic example of early 20th Century Native American ethnological research. Published in 1953 in Bulletin 145 of the Bureau of American Ethnology, this manuscript covers all known Indian tribes broken down by location (state). AccessGenealogy’s online presentation provides state pages by which the user is then either provided a brief history of the tribe, or is referred to a more in-depth ethnological representation of the tribe and it’s place in history. This ethnology usually contains the various names by which the tribe was known, general locations of the tribe, village names, brief history, population statistics for the tribe, and then connections in which the tribe is noted.

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Yavapai Indians

Yavapai Indians. According to the Handbook of American Indians (Hodge, 1907, 1910), from enyaéva, “sun,” and pai, “people,” and thus signifying “people of the sun,” but the southeastern Yavapai interpreted it to mean “crooked-mouth people,” that is, a “sulky” people who do not agree with other peoples (fide Gifford, 1936). Also called: Apache Mohaves, in Rep. Office Ind. Aff., 1869, p. 92; 1870. Apaches, by Garcés in 1775-76 (Diary, p. 446, 1900) ; also by Spaniards. Cruzados, by Oñate in 1598 (Col. Doc. Ined., vol. 16, p. 276, 1864-84). Dil-zha, by White (MS.); Apache name meaning “Indians living where there are red ants.” E-nyab-va Pai, by Ewing (1892, p. 203), meaning “sun people” because they were sun worshipers. Gohún, by Ten Kate, (1884, p. 5), Apache name. Har-dil-zhays, by White (1875 MS.), Apache name. Inya’vapé, by Harrington (1908, p. 324), Walapai name. Jum-pys, by Heintzelman, (1857, p. 44) Kohenins, by Corbusier (1886, p. 276), Apache name. Ku-we-vĕ-ka pai-ya, by Corbusier (MS., p. 27); said to be own name, because they live in the south. Nyavapai, by Corbusier (1886, p. 276). Taros, by Garcés in 1775-76 (Diary, p. 446, 1900), Pima name. Yampaos, by Whipple (1856, p. 103). Yavapai Connections. The Yavapai belonged to the Yuman branch of the Hokan linguistic family, their closest cultural affiliations being with the Havasupai and Walapai. Yavapai Location. In western Arizona from the Pinal...

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Papago Indians

Papago Indians. Signifying “bean people,” from the native words paphh, “beans,” and  óotam, “people.” Also called: Saikinne, Si’-ke-na, Apache name for Pima, Papago, and Maricopa. Táh’ba, Yavapai name. Teχpamais, Maricopa name. Tóno-oōhtam, own name, signifying “people of the desert.” Vidshi itikapa, Tonto name. Papago Connections The Papago belong to the Piman branch of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic stock and stand very close to the Pima. Papago Location In the territory south and southeast of the Gila River, especially south of Tucson; in the main and tributary valleys of the Santa Cruz River; and extending west and southwest across the desert waste known as the Papaguerfa, into Sonora, Mexico. Papago Villages Acachin, location uncertain. Alcalde, probably in Pima County. Ana, probably in Pima County. Anicam, probably in Pima County. Areitorae, south of Sonorita, Sonora, Mexico. Ati, on the west bank of Rio Altar, between Uquitoa and Tubutama, just south of the Arizona boundary. Babasaqui, probably Papago, 3 miles above Imuris, between Cocospera and Magdalena, Sonora, Mexico. Bacapa, in northwestern Sonora, Mexico, slightly southeast of Carrizal. Baipia, slightly northwest of Caborca, probably on the Rio Altar, northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Bajfo, location uncertain. Batequi, east of the Rio Altar in northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Boca del Arroyo, probably in Pima County. Caborica, on the Gila River. Caca Chimir, probably in Pima County. Cahuabi, in Arizona near the Sonora border. Canoa, between Tubac and San...

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Clatsop Indians

Clatsop Indians. The Clatsop centered about Cape Adams, on the south side of Columbia River, extending up the latter as far as Tongue Point and southward on the Pacific coast to Tillamook Head.

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