Collection: Indian Census Records

1930 Ponca Census Extraction

An extraction of the 1930 Indian Census for the Ponca tribe of the Ponca Reservation in South Dakota. In 1930 there were 398 members that fell under the jurisdiction of the Yankton Agency. Most of them still resided within the Ponca Reservation, but some had moved elsewhere and are so indicated within the actual census images. This extraction provides their given names, surnames, sometimes the maiden name, age, and sex of each tribal member.

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1896 Census of New York Indians

Census of the New York Indians taken in 1896. The following census extractions provide the details from the 1896 census for the Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga, St. Regis and Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians.

As the progression of white settlers moved west into the territories of the New York Indians, the tribes were decimated by disease and war, and “forced” into treaties that eventually restricted their settlements onto five Reservations set aside in the state of New York, Oklahoma, or for those siding with the British, in Ontario Canada. While at one time independent, these tribes (Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga, St. Regis and Tonawanda) over time came together and were known as the Seneca Indians.

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1889 Mdewakanton Sioux Indian Census

1889 Mdewakanton Sioux Census, of Sioux living in Minnesota. Compiled by Robert B. Henton Special Indian Agent. No information was given as to where exactly they lived. Authority Letter Authority Letter 2 Page 1 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 2 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 3 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 4 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 5 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 6 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 7 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 8 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 9 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 10 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 11 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page...

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1838 Oneida Indian Census

We, the undersigned Chiefs and Head Men of the Orchard Party of Oneida Indians residing at Green Bay, Wisconsin Territory, do hereby certify that the above and foregoing lists, is a just and true Census and enumeration of the number of persons belonging to said party, that is to say, Fifty-three (53) men, Fifty-two (52) women, and One hundred and one (101) children, making a total of Two hundred and six (206) souls, and that the same was taken by H. S. Baird, U. S. Commissioner, in open council, in our presence, at Duck Creek, on the 15th day of November, A. D. 1838. Jacob Cornelius Thomas Lodwick X (his mark) Isaac Johnson X (his mark) John Cooper X (his mark) John Cornelius X (his mark). 1838 Census of the Oneida Orchard Party NumberNameMenWomenChildrenTotal 1 Antony, Susan 3 3 5 11 2 Broad, Thomas 1 1 3 5 3 Cooper, John 2 1 3 4 Cornelius, Jacob Jr. 1 1 1 3 5 Cooper, Peter 1 1 1 3 6 Christian, Polly 1 5 6 7 Cornelius, Hannah 1 2 4 7 8 Cornelius, John 1 1 4 6 9 Cornelius, Jacob 1 2 7 10 10 Cornelius, Moses 1 1 11 Cornelius, Thomas 1 1 3 5 12 Cornelius, William 4 4 6 14 13 Doxtater, Jane 1 3 4 14 Denny, Hannah 1 3 4 15 Day,...

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Indian Census Records Online

The following consist mostly of free resources for finding Native American census records online. We do provide links to the paid subscription websites when there is either added value in their paid version, or when there is not a free version available online.

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1880 Cherokee Nation Census

The census of 1880 was authorized by an act of the Cherokee National Council Senate Bill No. 33 on December 1, 1879. This is a transcription of the index for Schedule One and includes all nine districts.  This index can be found on microfilm through the LDS organization on microfilm #989204.  National Archives also has a microfilm index for this census. It is found on Roll # 7RA07 The introduction to the NARA index, written by Thelma Defrates, indicates it was used by the Dawes Commission to verify citizenship in the Cherokee Nations for the purpose of land allotment. Section 3 of Article III, an amendment to the Constitution and laws of the Cherokee Nation, provided for the taking of a census of the population of each district of the Cherokee Nation. The amendment provided for a census to be taken in the year 1870 and every succeeding ten years thereafter for the purpose of determining the number of delegates for each district to the Cherokee National Council. The census consisted of six schedules for each of the nine Cherokee districts.  The nine districts are: Illinois Flint Cooweescoowee Canadian Saline Tahlequah Goingsnake Sequoyah Delaware with 67 pages and 2399 individuals with 44 pages and 1552 individuals with 99 pages and 3537 individuals with 45 pages and 1594 individuals with 38 pages and 1355 individuals with 81 pages and 2903...

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