The following Indian tribes at one time are recorded in history as having resided within the present state of Nebraska. If the tribe name is in bold, then Nebraska is the primary location known for this tribe, otherwise we provide the tribes specifics as it pertains to Nebraska and then provide a link to the main tribal page.
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- Arapaho Indians. The Arapaho ranged for a considerable period over the western part of this State.
- Arikara Indians. This tribe lived in the territory now included in Nebraska with the Skidi Pawnee at some prehistoric period, and after 1823 they returned to the same tribe for 2 years.
- Cheyenne Indians. Like the Arapaho, the Cheyenne ranged to some extent over the western territories of the State.
- Comanche Indians. At an early day the Comanche must have lived in or near the western part of Nebraska, before moving south. (See Texas.)
- Dakota Indians. The Dakota had few settlements of any permanency in the territory of Nebraska but they were constantly raiding into and across it from the north.
- Fox Indians. The Foxes were parties to a land cession made in 1830.
- Iowa Indians. When the Omaha lived about the Pipestone Quarry in Minnesota, they were accompanied by the Iowa, who afterward went with them to South Dakota and thence to Nebraska. They, however, continued southeast into the territory of the present State of Iowa.
- Kansa Indians. They were parties to a cession of Nebraska land made in 1825.
- Kiowa Indians. The Kiowa were at one time on the western margin of Nebraska and later followed the Comanche south.
- Missouri Indians. After they had been driven from Missouri by the Sauk and Fox, the remnant of this tribe lived for a while in villages south of Platte River. (See Missouri.)
- Omaha Indians
- Oto Indians
- Pawnee Indians
- Ponca Indians
- Sauk Indians. Like the Foxes, they were parties to the land cession of 1830 involving territories in this State.
- Winnebago Indians. Part of the Winnebago settled close to the Omaha after they had been driven from Minnesota following the Dakota outbreak of 1862. A reservation was later assigned them there and in course of time they were allotted land in severalty upon it.