Treaty of June 29, 1796

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded between the President of the United States of America, on the one Part, and Behalf of the said States, area the undersigned Kings, Chiefs and Warriors of the Creek Nation of Indians, on the Part of the said Nation.

The parties being desirous of establishing permanent peace and friendship between the United States and the said Creek nation, and the citizens and members thereof; and to remove the causes of war, by ascertaining their limits, and making other necessary, just and friendly arrangements; the President of the United States, by Benjamin Hawkins, George Clymer, and Andrew Pickens, Commissioners whom he hath constituted with powers for these purposes, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and the Creek Nation of Indians, by the undersigned Kings Chiefs and Warriors, representing the whole Creek Nation, have agreed to the following articles:

Article 1. The Treaty entered into, at New York, between the parties on the 7th day of August, 1790, is, and shall remain obligatory on the contracting parties, according to the terms of it, except as herein provided for.

Article 2. The boundary line from the Currahee mountain, to the head, or source of the main south branch of the Oconeé river, called, by the white people, Appalatchee, and by the Indians, Tulapocka, and down the middle of the same, shall be clearly ascertained, and marked, at such time, and in such manner, as the President shall direct. And the Indians will, on being informed of the determination of the President, send as many of their old chiefs, as he may require, to see the line ascertained and marked.

Article 3. The President of the United States of America shall have full powers, whenever he may deem it advisable, to establish a trading or military post on the south side of the Alatamaha, on the bluff, about one mile above Beard’s bluff; or any where from thence down the said river on the lands of the Indians, to garrison the same with any part of the military force of the United States, to protect the posts, and to prevent the violation of any of the provisions or regulations subsisting between the parties: And the Indians do hereby annex to the post aforesaid, a tract of land of five miles square, bordering one side on the river; which post and the lands annexed thereto, are hereby ceded to, and shall be to the use, and under the government of the United States of America.

Article 4. As soon as the President of the United States has determined on the time and manner of running the line from the Currahee mountain, to the head or source of the main south branch of the Oconee, and notified the chiefs of the Creek land of the same, a suitable number of persons on their part shall attend to see the same completed: And if the President should deem it proper, then to fix on any place or places adjoining the river, and on the Indian lands for military or trading posts; the Creeks who attend there, will concur in fixing the same, according to the wishes of the President. And to each post, the Indians shall annex a tract of land of five miles square, bordering one side on the river. And the said lands shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America. Provided always, that whenever any of the trading or military posts mentioned in this treaty, shall, in the opinion of the President of the United States of America, be no longer necessary for the purposes intended by this cession, the same shall revert to and become a part of the Indian lands.

Article 5. Whenever the President of the United States of America, and the king of Spain, may deem it advisable to mark the boundaries which separate their territories, the President shall give notice thereof to the Creek chiefs, who will furnish two principal chiefs, and twenty hunters to accompany the persons employed on this business, as hunters and guides from the Choctaw country, to the head of St. Mary’s. The chiefs shall receive each half a dollar per day, and the hunters one quarter of a dollar each per day, and ammunition, and a reasonable value for the meat delivered by them for the use of the persons on this service.

Article 6. The Treaties of Hopewell, between the United States and the Choctaw and Chickasaws, and at Holston between the Cherokees and the United States, mark the boundaries of those tribes of Indians. And the Creek nation do hereby relinquish all claims to any part of the territory inhabited or claimed by the citizens of the United States, in conformity with the said treaties.

Article 7. The Creek nation shall deliver, as soon as practicable, to the superintendent of Indian affairs, at such place as he may direct, all citizens of the United States; white inhabitants and negroes who are now prisoners in any part of the said nation, agreeably to the treaty at New-York, and also all citizens, white inhabitants, negroes and property taken since the signing of that treaty. And if any such prisoners, negroes or property should not be delivered, on or before the first day of January next, the governor of Georgia may empower three persons to repair to the said nation, in order to claim and receive such prisoners, negroes and property, under the direction of the President of the United States.

Article 8. In consideration of the friendly disposition of the Creek nation towards the government of the United States, evidenced by the stipulations in the present treaty, and particularly the leaving it in the discretion of the President to establish trading or military posts on their lands; the commissioners of the United States, on behalf of the said states, give to the said nation, goods to the value of six thousand dollars, and stipulate to send to the Indian nation, two blacksmiths, with strikers, to be employed for the upper and lower Creeks with the necessary tools.

Article 9. All animosities for past grievances shall henceforth cease, and the contracting parties will carry the foregoing treaty into full execution with all good faith and sincerity. Provided nevertheless, That persons now under arrest, in the state of Georgia, for a violation of the treaty at New-York, are not to be included in this amnesty, but are to abide the decision of law.

Article 10. This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting parties, as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advise and consent of the senate. Done at Colerain, the 29th of June, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six.
Benjamin Hawkins
George Clymer
Andrew Pickens

Cowetas:
Chruchateneah, his x mark
Tusikia Mico, his x mark
Inclenis Mico, his x mark
Tuskenah, his x mark
Ookfuskee Tustuneka, his x mark
Clewalee Tustuneka, his x mark

Cussitas:

Tusikia Mico, his x mark
Cussita Mico, his x mark
Fusateehee Mico, his x mark
Opoey Mico, his x mark

Broken Arrows:
Tustuneka Mico, his x mark
Othley Opoey, his x mark
Opoev Tustuneka, his x mark
Oboethly Tustuneka, his x mark

Euchees:
Euchee Mico, his x mark

Usuchees:

Osaw Enehah, his x mark
Ephah Tuskenah, his x mark
Tusikia Mico, his x mark

Chehaws:

Chehaw Mico, his x mark

Talehanas:

Othley Poey Mico, his x mark
Othley Poey Tustimiha, his mark

Oakmulgees:

Opoey Thlocco, his x mark
Parachuckley, his x mark
Tuskenah, his x mark

Euphales:

Pahose Mico, his x mark
Tustunika Chopco, his x mark

Ottassees:

Fusatchee Hulloo Mico, his x mark
Tusikia Mico, his x mark
Mico Opoey, his x mark

Tallessees:

Tallessee Mico, his x mark
Othley Poey Mico, his x mark

Little Oakjoys:

Meeke Matla, his x mark

Hicory Ground:

Opoey Mico, his x mark

Kuyalegees:

Kelese Hatkie, his x mark

Weakis:

Nenehomotca Opoey, his x mark
Tusikia Mico, his x mark

Cleewallees:

Opoey-e-Matla, his x mark

Coosis:

Hosonupe Hodjo, his x mark

Tuckabathees:

Holahto Mico, his x mark
Tustunika Thlocco, his x mark

Oakfuskees:

Pashphalaha, his x mark

Abacouchees:

Spani Hodjo, his x mark
Tustonika, his x mark

Upper Euphales:

Opoey, his x mark

Natchees:

Chinibe, his x mark

Upper Cheehaws:

Spokoi Elodjo, his x mark
Tustunika, his x mark

Mackasookos:

Tuskeehenehaw, his x mark

Oconees:

Knapematha Thlocco, his x mark

Cusetahs:

Cusa Mico, his x mark
Tusekia Mico Athee, his x mark
Halartee Matla, his x mark
Talahoua Mico, his x mark
Neathlocto, his x mark
Nuckfamico, his x mark
Estechaco Mico, his x mark
Tuskegee Tuskinagee, his x mark
Cochus Mico, his x mark
Opio Hajo, his x mark
Oneas Tustenagee, his x mark
Alak Ajo, his x mark
Stilcpeck Chatee, his x mark
Tuchesee Mico, his x mark

Kealeegees:

Cheea Hajo, his x mark

Hitchetaws:

Talmasee Matla, his x mark

Tuckabatchees:

Tustincke Hajo, his x mark
Okolissa, his x mark
Cow-eta Matla, his x mark
Coosa Mico, his x mark
Fusatchee Mico, his x mark
Pio Hatkee, his x mark
Foosatchee Mico, his x mark
Neathlaco, his x mark
Tuchabatchee Howla, his x mark
Spoko Hajo, his x mark

Coosis:

Tuskegee Tustinagee, his x mark
Talmasa Watalica, his x mark

Euphalees:

Totkes Hago, his x mark

Otasees:

Opio Tustinagee, his x mark
Yafkee Mall Hajo, his x mark
Oboyethlee Tustinagee, his x mark
Tustinagee Hajo, his x mark
Hillibee Tustinagee Hajo, his x mark
Effa Tuskeena, his x mark
Emathlee Loco, his x mark
Tustanagee Mico, his x mark
Yaha Tustinagee, his x mark
Cunctastee Tustanagee, his x mark

Ottasees:

Coosa Tustinagee, his x mark
Neamatle Matla, his x mark

Kialeegees:

Chuckchack Nincha, his x mark
Opoyo Matla, his x mark
Lachlee Mat]a, his x mark

Big Tallasees:

Chowostia Hajo, his x mark
Neathloco Opvo, his x mark
Neathloco, his x mark
Chowlactlev Mico, his x mark
Tocoso Hajo, his x mark
Hoochee llIatla, his x mark
Howlacta, his x mark
Tustinica Mico, his x mark
Opoy Fraico, his x mark

Big Talassee:

Houlacta, his x mark
Etcatee Hajo, his x mark
Chosolop Hajo, his x mark
Coosa Hajo, his x mark

Tuchabatchees::

Chohajo, his x mark

Weeokees:

Tusticnika Hajo, his x mark

Tuchabathees:

Neamatoochee, his x mark

Cussitas:

Telewa Othleopoya his x mark
Talmasse Matla, his x mark
Niah Weathla, his x mark
Emathlee-laco, his x mark
Ottesee Matla, his x mark
Muclassee Matla, his x mark
Eufallee Matla, his x mark

Tuckabatchees:

Cunipee Howla, his x mark

Cowetas:

Elospotak Tustinagee, his x mark

Natchez:

Spoko Hodjo, his x mark

Uchees:

Tustinagee Chatee, his x mark

Usuchees:

Spokoca Tustinagee, his x mark
Othley – poey – Tustinagee, his mark
Tuskeeneah, his x mark,

Witness:

J. Seagrove, superintendent Indian affairs, C. N.
Henry Gaither, lieutenant-colonel commandant
Const. Freeman, A. W. D., major artillery and engineers
Samuel Tinsley, captain, Third sub-legion
Samuel A llison. ensign, Second sub-legion
John W. Thompson, ensign, First IJ. S. S. legion
Geo. Gillasspy, surgeon. L. U. S.
Tim. Barnard, D. A. and sworn interpreter
James Burges, D. A. and sworn interpreter
James Jordan
Richard Thomas
Alexander Cornels
William Eaton, captain, Fourth U. S. sub-legion, Commandant at Colerain, and secretary to the commission
_______________________________________________________________
This treaty was ratified on condition that the third and fourth articles should be modified as follows:

The Senate of the United States, two-thirds of the Senators present concurring, did, by their resolution of the second day of March instant, “consent to, and advise the President of the United States, to ratify the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, made and concluded at Coleraine, in the state of Georgia, on the 29th June, 1796, between the President of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, and the Kings, Chiefs and Warriors of the Creek nation of Indians, on the part of the said nation: Provided, and on condition, that nothing in the third and fourth articles of the said treaty, expressed in the words following, ‘Article 3d, The President of the United States of America shall have full powers, whenever he may deem it advisable, to establish a trading or military post on the south side of the Altamaha, on the bluff, about one mile above Beard’s bluff; or any where from thence down the said river on the lands of the Indians, to garrison the same with any part of the military force of the United States, to protect the post, and to prevent the violation of any of the provisions or regulations subsisting between the parties: And the Indians do hereby annex to the post aforesaid, a tract of land of five miles square, bordering one side on the river, which post and the lands annexed thereto, are hereby ceded to, and shall be to the use, and under the government of the United States of America.

Art. 4th, as soon as the President of the United States has determined on the time and manner of running the line from the Currahee Mountain, to the head or source of the main south branch of the Oconnee, and notified the Chiefs of the Creek land of the same, a suitable number of persons on their part shall attend, to see the same completed: And if the President should deem it proper, then to fix on any place or places adjoining the river, and on the Indian lands for military or trading posts: the Creeks who attend there, will concur in fixing the same, according to the wishes of the President. And to each post, the Indians shall annex a tract of land of five miles square, bordering one side on the river. And the said lands shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America. Provided always, that whenever any of the trading or military posts mentioned in this treaty, shall, in the opinion of the President of the United States of America, be no longer necessary for the purposes intended by this cession, the same shall revert to, and become a part of the Indian lands,’ shall be construed to affect any claim of the state of Georgia, to the right of preemption in the land therein set apart for military or trading posts; or to give to the United States without the consent of the said state, any right to the soil, or to the exclusive legislation over the same, or any other right than that of establishing, maintaining, and exclusively governing military and trading posts within the Indian territory mentioned in the said articles, as long as the frontier of Georgia may require these establishments.



MLA Source Citation:

AccessGenealogy.com Indian Treaties Acts and Agreements. Web. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 2 September 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/treaty-of-june-29-1796.htm - Last updated on Oct 30th, 2012


Categories: ,
Topics: ,
Locations:

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.