Rules and Wall Mottoes

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Rules, Mottoes And Course Of Study for Oak Hill Industrial Academy

Wall Mottoes

I. Oak Hill Motto

Time is precious
Time is money
Do not stand idle, waiting,
Do not keep others waiting,
Do something useful.
Be a busy, silent worker,
Shun the idle, noisy shirker.

II. Rule Of Order

Order is the first law of Heaven, and it is the first rule in every well regulated home, school and Church.

It Requires That Everyone:
BE in the right place at the right time,
DO the right thing in the right way,
DO the same things the same way,
KEEP everything in the right place; and
COMPLETE whatever has been undertaken.
Endeavor Benediction
“The Lord bless thee and keep thee:
The Lord make his face shine upon thee and be gracious unto thee:
The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.
And unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood and hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.”

III. Essentials To Success

An unwavering aim,
Unswerving integrity,
Intelligent industry,
Never failing promptness,
Indomitable perseverance,
Unbounded enthusiasm,
Willing and strict economy,
In the employment of time,
Talents, money and expenses.

IV. Busy Day

THIS is our BUSY DAY.
Do not intrude here to day.
Come some other day.
Loafers
Are worse than useless. Their presence here is
Strictly Forbidden.

Key Words: The Key words that open or close doors of opportunity, and contrast the characteristics of the good and bad student, are as follows:

Good Student
Poet: Politeness, Obedience, Economy and Earnestness, Thoughtfulness.
Bad Pupil
Died: Disorderly conduct, Idleness, Extravagance, Deceit.
Good Workman

Steam: Steam is a good key word, to enable one to remember how the good workman works efficiently and profitably. He works:
Steadily,
Thoughtfully,
Enthusiastically,
Alone,
Methodically.

Rules and Regulations

I. Students

The Superintendent and Teachers wish all the students to be gladdened and strengthened by the joy of successful achievement. To affect this each student must learn to do promptly and thoroughly everything he knows he ought to do, and refrain absolutely from doing anything he knows he ought not to do. “The joy of the Lord is your strength.”

Order. Good order must be maintained in all the buildings and premises. It requires that there be a place for everything and everything be kept in its place; that each student know his place and be in it at the right nick of time.

Silence. All are expected to be silent, thoughtful, earnest workers so as to make perfect recitations. The discipline of absolute silence is necessary to the attainment of complete self control, and the achievement of the best results, both as a student and workman. Silence must be observed in the Academy at all times, and only a low tone of voice is appropriate in the other buildings at any time.

Obedience. All are expected to yield a prompt and cheerful obedience to all the Rules and Regulations, and never indulge in any disputes with your teachers.

Students render themselves liable to suspension or expulsion by persistent disobedience, quarreling, disorderly conduct, profane or unchaste language, truancy, or general disregard for the rules of the school.

No student known to be affected with a contagious disease or coming from a family where such diseases exist, shall be received or continued in the school.
Pupils must procure drinks and make all other necessary preparation for school at playtime, and keep their places after the bell rings.

Pupils shall not ask questions, walk across or leave the room while classes are reciting, nor at any other time without permission.

Pupils must observe the common forms of politeness and at all times treat their teachers and one another with courtesy and respect.

No pupil shall be permitted to leave or be absent from the school during school hours, except in case of illness without an excuse from the superintendent or parent.

Rooms. The rooms occupied by the students are merely sleeping apartments; and for this purpose the pure cold air in them is conducive to the enjoyment of the most rugged health. They must not be used for study or amusement, especially at night; and drafts of air from the windows must be avoided.

Each student on rising, when no other provision is made is expected to air the bed and room, to empty the slop pail and put it on its shelf in the sun, to make the bed and sweep the room; and after breakfast to report for duty, the boys at the office, and the girls to the matron. They will report in the same way at 2:30 p. m., and the children at 4:00 p. m.

All are expected to refrain from returning to the sleeping rooms during the day, from entering the rooms of others in the evening and from receiving visitors without permission. The doors must be kept closed.

Illness. The first duty of everyone who becomes ill is to report that fact to the superintendent, or matron. He expects everyone to perform every duty assigned in a faithful and responsible manner, until notice of illness has been received.

All are required, even when feeling indisposed and lacking an appetite, to come to the table for warm drinks at the regular meal time.

All requests for meals to be brought to the rooms, shall be sent to the matron or superintendent at or before meal time.

Sitting Rooms. The small boys, when needing the comfort of a warm room, must occupy their own sitting room, and the larger boys and girls the rooms provided for them, respectively; each endeavoring to make a good use of their spare moments, while occupying these places, and observe the rule requiring quiet and good order in the buildings.

Chapel Bell. The chapel bell shall be rung at 7:45 and 7:55 a. m.; at 12:45 and 12:55 p. m.; at 2:40 p. m. and at 6:45 and 6:55 p. m. Every student is expected to be in his place and be ready for work on his studies, before the tap bell is heard at 8:00 a. m., 1:00 p. m. and 7:00 p. m.

Farm Bell. The signal for the janitors or fire makers shall be rung at 5:40 a. m., the call to rise, at 6:00 a. m.; for dinner at 11:40 a. m.; supper at 5:40 p. m.; retiring at 8:20 and 8:30 p. m., when all lights in the rooms must be put out.
The dining room bell will ring for breakfast, at 6:20 a. m.; dinner, at 11:55 a. m.; supper, at 6:00 p. m.

All matters for the mail must be delivered at the office before 1:00 p. m.

II. Meetings And Chores

Genius. All are encouraged to learn how to work hard and constantly, and to use every spare moment for some good purpose. There is no genius like that for hard work.
Enthusiastic interest in one’s work is essential to success. Idleness is a sin, a waste of life, and cannot be endured at Oak Hill, which is intended to be a hive of industry.
Carefulness. All must learn to use rightly and carefully the books, slates, tools, and furniture entrusted to them. All injuries to books, furniture or buildings must be paid for by those guilty of injuring them.

Services. All, unless specially excused, are required to attend all the religious services on the Sabbath, including the Bible Memory class. The Endeavor meeting is the student’s special training service; all are expected to participate in it, by at least reading or repeating a verse of Scripture; and in the Bible Memory class by committing an average of one verse a day. All are encouraged to covet the best gifts, especially the power of complete self-control, and the ability to say things forcibly, and do things thoroughly.

Speakers. Those speak with authority, who, instead of telling what they think, or making an apology, tell what the Bible, the law of the Lord, says. All should endeavor to instruct, animate and encourage; none should ever indulge in fault-finding, or allude to any personal grievance.

Leaders. Leaders of meetings are expected to be fully prepared before hand, to stand when they speak; to speak sufficiently loud and distinct as to be easily heard by the most distant listener; to repeat the numbers of the hymns; to request the audience to stand during prayer; to afford an opportunity for volunteer prayers or remarks; and to close the meeting as soon as the interest in it has ended.

Immorality. No one guilty of persistent immoral conduct, will either be admitted, or be permitted to remain at the academy.

Chores. The domestic work in all the buildings, the care of the stock, and the preparation of the fuel, are apportioned among the students, and all are required to do their part.

Janitors. The janitors must see that the kindling has been provided in the evening; rise promptly at the call of the janitor’s signal; and have the fires in the sitting rooms and chapel burning in good shape, before the ringing of the rising bell. These fires are to be maintained during the day by those specially appointed to perform that duty. All are expected, to exercise good judgment and practice economy in the use of both the kindling and wood. The ashes from all the stoves must be carried to the heap every morning. Only old vessels may be used for this purpose and these, when emptied, must be returned to their proper places.

Care of Stock. Those assigned the care of the stock are required to be prompt and faithful in caring for it; in the morning, at noon and evening day by day, according to instructions, without having to be prompted. This work must not be left undone or entrusted to others, without first notifying the superintendent.

Other Chores. This rule, requiring faithfulness, applies also to those, who have been assigned the chore work about the buildings, kindling fires, sweeping halls, cleaning lamps, carrying water and wood.

Hall Lamps. The hall lamps, water pails and other fixtures, that are intended to serve all, must never be removed from their places, to render service to an individual.

III. Work And Things Forbidden

Work Period. All over 13 years of age are expected to render three full hours of faithful and efficient work each day, and on Saturday until 2:30 p. m. Time lost by tardiness, or unnecessary absence during the working period, must be made up before the end of the term.

Object. The aim of your teachers, during these work-periods, is to give you a practical knowledge of the simple arts of life; that you may be intelligent, capable and efficient workmen; be enabled to make your own homes more comfortable, and create a demand for your services.

Tool Rules. Each workman, at the close of the work period, must return all tools used to their proper place. If they have been transferred, then the last one using them must return them. None are permitted to use any tools, or touch any musical instrument, until they have been taught the rules relating to them; and have been shown how to use them, and do the work in a skillful and workmanlike manner. Tools must never be taken to any of the rooms to do any repair work.

Non-interference. When students are working under the direction of anyone, they must not be interfered with by others, nor leave the work assigned them, without the knowledge and approval of the one, under whose direction they are working at the time.
Irregularity. Irregularity greatly interferes with a student’s progress and the work of his class and teacher. Leave of absence during the term cannot therefore be granted, except for the most urgent reasons. Those that from any cause, miss one or more lessons, should endeavor to master them when they return.

Caution. All are kindly advised never to be guilty of any word or act that will be likely to cause you to forfeit the esteem and confidence of the superintendent, or your teachers. A good student endeavors to aid and cheer, but never disobeys or annoys a teacher.

Things Forbidden. Never permit yourself to indulge in any dispute with your teacher in the school room, shop or field.

Don’t tease, ridicule or despise others; be polite and courteous to each other.

Don’t indulge in the use of profane or obscene language, or in any acts of deceit, falsehood or theft.

Don’t use or have in your possession, any intoxicating liquors, tobacco or snuff in any form; gamblers’ or obscene cards or pictures; concealed weapons; or soil the floors with spittle or wash water.

Don’t indulge in singing, whistling, unnecessary talking or foolish laughter while working with others; or play ball while others are working, or choring.

All communications between boys and girls, and all association or interference on the play grounds are strictly forbidden.

At the close of all meetings, especially those in the evening, the girls are required to go directly and quietly to their hall.

Don’t be extravagant or foppish in your dress, or borrow or lend, either clothing or money.

Don’t send home for eatables or other unnecessary things. New clothing, especially shoes, should not be sent from home, without having the measure taken. It is better to send the money.

Every article of clothing needing to be washed must have the owner’s name.
Don’t tamper with the street lamp, or the plugs in the water trough; nor change the pins, tubs or tube at the well; nor roughly jerk the pump handles at the well and cisterns.

Use everything in the way and for the purpose for which it was intended, never otherwise.

Don’t leave your seat in the school room, or go out of it during school hours, without permission from your teacher. Never sit on the tops of the desks.

Teachers. Each teacher is expected to keep in an orderly form on the teacher’s desk, for use in conducting recitations, a complete set of the Text books used by the classes; and to prepare before hand all lessons or parts thereof that may not be familiar.

The power of suspension or exclusion is vested only in the superintendent. This power must never be exercised by any of his helpers without his previous knowledge and approval.

All matters relating to the repair of the buildings and their equipment should be promptly reported to the superintendent.

The aim of the primary teacher, at the time of recitation, should be to have all the pupils reproduce the entire lesson one or more times in concert and then individually to accomplish this with as few words as possible.

The aim of every teacher should be to make Oak Hill, to all the young people pursuing their studies here, a fountain of inspiration, a sanctuary where fellowship with the Redeemer of the world and a new discovery of the glory of God shall be among the blessings bestowed.

Book Marks. The teachers are required to furnish every new pupil one complete set of approved, folded marginal book marks; one for each text book, and for both the Sunday school and Memory lessons in the Bible. By example and precept, they are expected to require them to keep them in their proper places, and if carelessly lost, to replace them with new ones of their own making. Among the objects to be attained by the enforcement of this rule are the habit of carefulness in little things, to save the books from other injurious methods of marking and to save the time of the teacher, class and pupil.

Fire Precautions
The rooms occupied by the students must be carefully inspected by the matrons or their special monitors every time the students leave them for the school or chapel; to see that the buildings have not been endangered by any acts of carelessness or thoughtlessness.

The ladders must be kept where they may be easily and quickly obtained.

On the first Friday of each term the students shall be organized into a Fire Department, the superintendent serving as chief and the matrons and teachers as his special aids.
The fire-fighters shall include the pumpers and a bucket brigade; the life and property savers shall include the ladder squad; and the strenuous work of all shall continue until the building or the last possible piece of property has been saved.

The fire drills shall consist of quick orderly marches, at an unexpected signal, from all the buildings occupied, and the report of each squad for duty to their respective foremen.

To Parents
These suggestions to parents or guardians appear on the monthly report cards.
This report is sent you in the hope it will give you that information you naturally desire to receive in regard to the work and standing of the pupils you have sent to the academy.

In your communications to your children encourage them to be prompt and punctual in meeting every engagement, to remember the Sabbath day, to improve their spare moments by reading the Bible or some good book, to do their best during the hours of study and work each day, and to refrain from association with the idle or worthless.

  1. Salute To The Flag
  2. We give our heads
  3. and our hearts
  4. to our Country.
  5. One country, one language
  6. one flag.
  1. All rise and extend right arm toward the flag.
  2. Touch forehead with tips of the fingers.
  3. Right palm over the heart.
  4. Both hands extended upward.
  5. Lean forward, hands at sides.
  6. With emphasis, right hand pointing to the flag. Sing America.

“The red is for love that will dare and do
The blue is the sign of the brave and true.
The white with all evil and wrong shall cope,
And the silver stars are the stars of hope.”

The Students Goodbye
Good bye, Oak Hill; good bye;
We’re off to the fields and the open sky;
But we shall return in the fall, you know,
As glad to return as we are now to go.
Good bye, Oak Hill; Good bye,

The Course Of Study

The following is the course of study pursued at the academy, the high school course being added June 1, 1912.

I. Primary Department
First Grade: First Reader, Reading Chart, Primer, Printing, Numbers and Tables. Books of Bible, Memory Work.

Second Grade: Second Reader, Doubs Speller, Printing, Writing, Tables, Primary Arithmetic. Also the Bible, Shorter Catechism and Vocal Music in this and the subsequent grades.

II. Intermediate Department

Third Grade: Third Reader, Doubs Speller, (Smith’s) Primary Arithmetic, Principles of Penmanship, (Spencer or Eaton), Introductory Language Work, Primary Geography.

Fourth Grade: Fourth Reader, Doubs Speller, Primary Arithmetic, Writing, (Thompson’s) Principles of Drawing, Primary Geography, (Krohn’s) First Book in Physiology.
Leslie’s Music Chart and Ideal Class Book; and Thwing’s Voice Culture, are used weekly for instruction in the principles, and general drills in gesture, note reading and voice culture.

III. Grammar Department
Fifth Grade: Fifth Reader, U. S. History, Doubs Speller, Primary Arithmetic, Reed & Kellogg’s Graded Lessons in English, or Burt’s Grammar, Physiology, Writing, Nature Study Chart.

Sixth Grade: Fifth Reader, History of United States or Oklahoma, Doubs Speller, (Smith’s) Practical Arithmetic, Writing, Geography, Drawing, Burt’s Grammar or Reed & Kellogg’s Graded Lessons in English, Agriculture.

Seventh Grade: The Bible, Literary Readings, Doubs Speller, Arithmetic, Grammar, Agriculture, Civics, Writing, Geography Completed.

Eighth Grade: The Bible or Literary Readings, Doubs Speller, Grammar, Composition, (Carson’s Handbook), Arithmetic, (Evans & Bunn’s) Civics, Constitution of Oklahoma and United States, Writing, Bookkeeping (Stephenson’s), Thompson’s Drawing for Rural Schools.

Wentworth’s Mental Arithmetic is commended for use in the Sixth to Eighth grades.
Frequent reviews of the rules and definitions are essential to the attainment of a thorough knowledge of any textbook and the most rapid advancement in it.

Didactic Electives: Page’s Theory and Practice in Teaching; Holbrook on the Teacher’s Methods; Wickersham on School Government; Trumbull, the Teacher Teaching; or similar works.

This outline of grades and studies is intended to be suggestive and helpful to the teachers in the Academy in grading and promoting the pupils. The pupils should be arranged in classes according to their several abilities, rather than according to this outline in an arbitrary manner, in order that the classes at the time of recitation may be as large as possible rather than small. Their grade is ascertained by the majority of their studies, and their standing or rank by their percentage in each.

This course has been arranged in harmony with the outline course prepared in 1908 for the public and city schools of Oklahoma, and is intended to prepare pupils for entering the high school course consisting of the Ninth to Twelfth grades, or a normal course consisting of Didactics, Methods in Teaching and School Government.

A suitable certificate is issued to all pupils that complete, in a creditable manner, all the studies in this preparatory course ending with the Eighth grade.

The industrial work and training required of all the boarding pupils is intended to include a practical knowledge of agriculture, animal husbandry, apiculture, poultry raising, carpentry, cobbling, concrete, gardening, domestic science, sewing and laundry work, as the opportunity is afforded and the pupils discover fitness for these arts.

IV. High School Department
Ninth Grade: Grammar, Arithmetic, Composition, Civics, Elementary Algebra, Bookkeeping.

Tenth Grade: Algebra, Hill’s Etymology, Physical Geography, General History, Rhetoric.

Eleventh Grade: Algebra, Rhetoric, Ancient History, American Literature (Abernathy), Composition, Botany, Plane Geometry.

Twelfth Grade: Solid Geometry, (Hessler & Smith’s) Chemistry, Newcomber’s English Literature, Political Economy.

Electives: Astronomy, Geology, Zoology, Trigonometry; Surveying, Stenography, Typewriting, Telegraphy.

In January 1908, when P. K. Faison, first superintendent of the public schools of McCurtain County, made his first visit to Oak Hill, he stated that Wheelock and Oak Hill Academies were the only graded schools in McCurtain County at that time.

Teaching In Sunday School

As a help to young Sunday school teachers in the preparation of the lesson and its management before the class Miss Saxe’s method of five points of analysis and five points of application are given.

Analysis
What is the principal subject?
What the leading lessons?
Which the best verse?
Who are the principal persons?
What teaching about Christ?
Application
What example to follow?
What to avoid?
What duty to perform?
What promise to proclaim?
What prayer to echo?



MLA Source Citation:

Flickinger, Robert Elliott. Choctaw Freedmen and Oak Hill Industrial Academy, Valliant, Oklahoma. Presbyterian Board of Missions for Freedmen. Pittsburgh. 1914 AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 20 September 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/rules-and-wall-mottoes.htm - Last updated on May 5th, 2012


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