Minnesota Indian Reservations

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A list of Minnesota Indian reservations showing the Indian tribes the land was set aside for, the amount of acres if known, and the acts, treaties, and executive orders used to establish the reservation.

Reservation: Bois Fort
Tribes: Bois Fort band of Chippewa
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Apr. 7, 1866 (XIV, 765); act of Jan. 14,1889 (XXV, 642). 55,211.79 acres were allotted to 693 Indians, and 434.63 acres reserved for agency and other purposes the residue of 51,863 acres to be opened to public settlement.


Reservation: Deer Creek
Tribes: Bois Fort band of Chippewa
Acres:
Established by: Executive order, June 30, 1883; act of Jan. 14, 1889 (xxv, 642). 295.55 acres were allotted to 4 Indians: the residue of 22,744 acres to be opened to public settlement. (Executive order of Dec. 21, 1858.)


Reservation: Fond du Lac
Tribes: Fond du Lac band of Chippewa of Lake Superior
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Sept. 30, 1854 (X, 1109) act of May 26, 1872 (XVII, 190). 23,283.61 acres were alloted to 351 Indians, by act of Jan. 14, 1889.(XXV, 642); the residue, 76,837 acres, 76,837 was opened to settlement. Agreement of Nov. 21, 1889. (See act of Jan.14,1889, XXV, 642)


Reservation: Grand Portage (Pigeon River)
Tribes: Grand Portage band of Chippewa of Lake Superior
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Sept. 30, 1854 (X,1109); act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV, 642). 24,191.31 acres were allotted to 304 Indians, 208.24 acres reserved for agency and wood purposes, and the residue of 16,041.97 acres was to be opened to public settlement.


Reservation: Leech Lake
Tribes: Cass Lake, Pillager, and Lake Winnibigoshish bands of Chippewa
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Feb. 22, 1855 (X, 1165); Executive orders, Nov. 4, 1873, and May 26,1874: act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV, 642), 37,683.06 acres were allotted to 536 Indians, and 321.60 acres reserved for agency and school purposes; 1,381.21 acres were allotted to 17 Cass Lake Indians, and the residue of 55,054 acres was to be opened to public settlement. (Act of June 27, 1902, XXXII, 402.)


Reservation: Mdewakanton
Tribes: Mdewakanton Sioux
Acres:
Established by: By purchase. See acts of Congress, July 4, 1884, Mar. 3,1885, May 15, 1886, June 29, 1888, Mar. 2, 1889. Aug. 19, 1890. 339.70 acres were deeded to 47 Indians; 12,242.76 acres allotted to 88 Indians and held in trust by the United States; 8.90 acres reserved for school.


Reservation: Mille Lac
Tribes: Mille Lac and Snake River bands of Chippewa
Acres: 61,014
Established by: Treaties of Feb. 22, 1855 (X, 1165), and May 7, 1864 (XIII, 693, 695): act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV. 642): joint resolution No. 5, Dec. 19, 1893 (XXVIII, 576); joint resolution No. 40, approved May 27, 1898 (XXX. 745). The lands composing this reservation have been ceded to the Government, but are not yet open to sale or settlement.


Reservation: Red Lake
Tribes: Red Lake and Pembina bands of Chippewa
Acres: 543,528
Established by: Treaty of Oct. 2, 1863 (XIII, 667): act of Jan. 14,1889 (XXV, 642); agreement, July 8, 1889 (H. R. Ex. Doe. 247, 51st Cong., 1st sess., 27, 32); Executive order, Nov. 21, 1892. Act of Mar. 3, 1903 (XXXIII, 1009), and act of Feb. 20, 1904, ratifying agreement made Mar. 10. 1902 (XXXIII. 46), for sale of 258,152 acres. Act of Feb. 8, 1905 (XXXIII, 708), granting 320 acres as right of way for the Minneapolis, Red Lake and Manitoba Ry. Co.


Reservation: Vermillion Lake
Tribes: Bois Fort band of Chippewa
Acres: 1,080
Established by: Executive order. Dec. 20. 1881: act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV, 642).


Reservation: White Earth
TribesChippewa of the Mississippi, Pembina, and Pilager Chippewa
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Mar. 19, 1867 (XVI, 719): Executive orders, Mar. 18, 1879, and July 13, 1883; act of Jan. 14, 1689 (XXV, 642). See agreement of July 29, 1889 (H. R. Ex. Doc. 247. 51st Cong., 1st less., 34, 36). Under act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV, 642), (XXXIII, 539), 223,928.91 acres have been allotted to 2,794 Mississippi and Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa, being additional allotments to a part of the allottees under act of Jan. 14, 1889, leaving unallotted and unreserved 78,178.19 acres. Lands now in process of allotment under both acts.


Reservation: White Oak Point and Chippewa
Tribes: Lake Winnibigoshish and Pillager bands of Chippewa, and White Oak Point band of Mississippi Chippewa
Acres:
Established by: Treaties of Feb. 22, 1855 (X,1165), and Mar. 19, 1867 (XVI, 719). Executive orders, Oct. 29, 1873, and May 26, 1874; act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV, 742); 14,389.73 acres were allotted to 180 Lake Winnibigoshish Indians, the residue, 112.663.01 acres, of Winnibigoshish reserve to be opened to public settlement; 38,090.22 acres were allotted to 479 Chippewa Indians; the residue of 154,855 acres was restored to the public domain.



MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 30 August 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/minnesota-indian-reservations.htm - Last updated on Aug 27th, 2013


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