Minnesota Indian Agencies and Schools

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Agencies and Schools listed below are what were listed for the state.  Slight indent after an Agency list all schools in that jurisdiction.

Bena School, Minnesota
Post-office: Bena, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Bena, Minnesota; Western Union, near school.
Railroad station: Bena, Minnesota, on Great Northern Rwy.; school is near station.

Cass Lake School, Minnesota
Post-office: Cass Lake, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Cass Lake, Minnesota; Western Union, 6 miles from school; thence mail or messenger, 1½ hours.
Railroad station: Cass Lake, Minnesota, on Great Northern Rwy.; thence boat in summer and across the ice in the winter, 6 miles.

Fond Du Lac Agency, Minnesota
Post-office: Cloquet, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Cloquet, Minnesota; Western Union, at agency.
Railroad station: Cloquet, Minnesota; Northern Pacific Rwy.; station 5 minutes walk from agency.

Fond du Lac day school, Minnesota
Post-office: Cloquet, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Cloquet, Minnesota; Western Union, 2 miles from school; thence messenger, 40 minutes; by mail uncertain.
Railroad station: Cloquet, Minnesota, on Great Northern and Northern Pacific Rwy.; thence hired team, 2 miles. Reservation reached from Duluth, Minnesota, or from Ashland, via Northern Pacific Rwy., to Duluth.

Normantown day school.
Post-office: Sawyer, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Sawyer, Minnesota; Western Union, 2 miles from school; thence messenger, 40 minutes, by mail daily.
Railroad station: Sawyer, Minnesota, on Northern Pacific Rwy.; thence hired team, 2 miles; time, 25 minutes.

Leech Lake Agency and School, Minnesota
Post-office: Onigum, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Walker, Minnesota; Western Union, Similes from agency; thence telephone; if mailed, reaches agency at noon or 6 p. m.
Railroad station: Walker, Minnesota, on Minnesota and International Rwy.; thence boat in summer and across ice in winter, 3½ miles. Or Walker, Minnesota, on Great Northern Rwy.; bus or dray 1 mile to lake dock; thence boat in summer and across ice in winter, 3½ miles.

Old Agency day school.
Post-office: Onigum, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Walker, Minnesota; Western Union, 6 miles from school; thence by mail if sent direct; by telephone if sent through agency and forwarded by messenger; time, by messenger, 2 hours; mail, doubtful.
Railroad station: Walker, Minnesota, on Minnesota and International Rwy.; thence boat in summer and across the ice in winter, 6 miles. One mile farther to Great Northern Rwy. station.

Squaw Point day school.
Post-office: Walker, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Walker, Minnesota; Western Union, 6 miles from school; thence messenger, 2 hours.
Railroad station; Walker, Minnesota, on Minnesota and International Rwy.: Great Northern Rwy. station 1 mile farther.

Sugar Point day school.
Post-office: Onigum, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Walker, Minnesota; Western Union, 16 miles from school; thence messenger, ½ day.
Railroad station: Walker, Minnesota, on Minnesota and International Rwy.

Nett Lake School, Minnesota
Post-office: Nett Lake, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Cook, Minnesota; Rainy Lake Rwy. Telegraph office; thence telephone to Orr, 18 miles; thence hired team in winter, 16 miles; in summer hired messenger over canoe and portage route, 25 miles. (Send via Postal or Western Union.)
Railroad station: Cook, Minnesota, on Rainy Lake Rwy., running north from Duluth. Passengers may ride to Orr; thence 16 miles by canoe (with 4 miles portage). Teams can reach Nett Lake only in winter.

Pipestone School, Minnesota
Post-office: Pipestone, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Pipestone, Minnesota; Western Union, 1½ miles from school; thence telephone.
Railroad station: Pipestone, Minnesota, on Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Rwy., Great Northern Rwy., Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Rwy., and Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Rwy. (Last named railroad is best route from eastern points.) Thence hired team, 1½ miles.

Birch Cooley day school.
Post-office: Morton, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Morton, Minnesota; Western Union, 1½ miles from school; thence telephone.
Railroad station: Morton, Minnesota, on Minneapolis and St. Louis Rwy.; thence hired team, 1½ miles.

Red Lake School, Minnesota
Post-office: Red Lake, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Bemidji, Minnesota; Western Union, 40 miles from school; thence telephone.
Railroad station: Redby, Minnesota, terminus of Minneapolis, Red Lake and Manitoba Rwy.; thence hired team, 5 miles.

Cross Lake school.
Post-office: Ponemah, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Bemidji, Minnesota; Western Union, 45 miles from school; thence telephone to Red Lake school; thence mail Tuesdays and Fridays, or messenger.
Railroad station: Redby, Minnesota, terminus of Minneapolis, Red Lake and Manitoba Rwy.; thence hired team across ice in winter, 10 miles; steamboat in summer, 10 miles. St.

Mary’s Mission school.
Post-office: Red Lake, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Bemidji, Minnesota; Western Union, 40 miles from school; thence telephone.
Railroad station: Redby, Minnesota, terminus of Minneapolis, Red Lake and Manitoba Rwy.; thence stage to Red Lake. 5 miles; thence hired team, 1 mile.

Vermillion Lake School, Minnesota
Post-office: Tower, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Tower, Minnesota; Duluth and Iron Range Rwy. telegraph office, 3 miles from school; thence telephone. (Send via Postal or Western Union.)
Railroad station: Tower, Minnesota, on Duluth and Iron Range Rwy. The school is 3 miles from Tower on opposite side of Vermillion Lake, and is reached by boat from May to November; during other months teams drive across lake on ice.

White Earth Agency and School, Minnesota
Post-office: White Earth, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Detroit, Minnesota; St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy. tele graph, 22 miles from agency; thence telephone. (Send message via Postal or Western Union, Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Railroad station: Ogema, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence stage, 4 miles. Or Detroit, Minnesota, on Northern Pacific Rwy.; thence hired team, 22 miles.

Beaulieu day school.
Post-office: Beaulieu, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Mahnomen, Minnesota; St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy. telegraph, 12 miles from school; thence mail 3 hours; if by messenger, 2 hours. (Send via Postal or Western Union via Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Railroad station: Mahnomen, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence daily stage or hired team, 12 miles. Or Fosston. Minnesota, via Crookston, on Great Northern Rwy.; thence hired team, 20 miles.

Buffalo River day school.
Post-office: Callaway, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Callaway, Minnesota; St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy. tele graph; thence messenger; time, 1 hour. (Send via Postal or Western Union via Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Railroad station: Callaway, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence hired team, 4 miles.

Elbow Lake day school.
Post-office: White Earth, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Same as agency; thence hired team, 25 miles; time, 1 day.
Railroad station: Same as agency; thence hired team, 25 miles.

Pine Point school.
Post-office: Ponsford, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Park Rapids, Minnesota; Western Union, 22 miles from school; thence telephone.
Railroad station: Park Rapids, Minnesota, on Great Northern Rwy.; thence daily stage or hired team. 22 miles.

Poplar Grove day school.
Post-office: Waubun, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Ogema, Minnesota; St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy. telegraph, 12 miles from school; thence messenger, 1½ hours; by mail, once a day. (Send via Postal or Western Union, via Minneapolis.)
Railroad station: Waubun, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence hired team, 4 miles.

Porterville day school.
Post-office: Duane, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Mahnomen, Minnesota; St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy. tele graph, 17 miles from school; thence mail, 1 day; if by messenger, 3 hours. (Send via Postal or Western Union, via Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Railroad station: Mahnomen, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence hired team, 17 miles.

Round Lake day school.
Post-office: White Earth, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Same as agency; thence hired team, 30 miles; time, 1 day.
Railroad station: Callaway, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence hired team, 22 miles; time, 1 day.

St. Benedict s mission school.
Post-office: White Earth, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Same as agency.
Railroad station: Same as agency.

Twin Lake mission day school.
Post-office: White Earth, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Same as agency.
Railroad station: Same as agency.

White Earth day school.
Post-office: White Earth, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Same as agency. Railroad station:
Same as agency.

Wild Rice River school.
Post-office: Beaulieu, Minnesota
Telegraph address: Mahnomen, Minnesota; St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy. telegraph, 12 miles from school; thence mail, 3 hours; if by messenger, 2 hour. (Send via Postal or Western Union, via Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Railroad station: Mahnomen, Minnesota, on Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Rwy.; thence daily stage or hired team, 12 miles.




MLA Source Citation:

Department Of The Interior. Routes To Indian Agencies And Schools, Office Of Indian Affairs, Corrected To April 1, 1910. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1910. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 23 April 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/minnesota-indian-agencies-and-schools.htm - Last updated on Aug 1st, 2013


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