The French authors commonly divided the Miami into six bands:
Of these the first two have come to be recognized, as distinct tribes; the other names are no longer known. The Pepicokia, mentioned in 1796 with the Wea and Piankashaw, may have been absorbed by the a band known as Eel Rivers, formerly living near Thorntown, Boone county, Ind., but they afterward joined the main body on the Wabash.
According to Morgan1 the Miami have 10 gentes:
- Mongwa (loon),
- Kendawa (eagle),
- Alipakosea (buzzard),
- Hanozawa (Kanwasowau, panther),
- I’ilawa (turkey),
- Ahseponna (raccoon),
- Monnato (snow),
- Kulswa (sun),
Chauvignerie, in 1737, said that the Miami had two principal totems-the elk and crane-while some of them had the bear.
The French writers call the Atchatchakangouen (Crane) the leading division. At a great conference on the Maumee in Ohio in 1793 the Miami signed with the turtle totem. None of these totems occurs in Morgan’s list.
Morgan, Anc. Soc., 168, 1877 ↩