Kwalhioqua Indians

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

Kwalhioqua Indians. From their Chinook designation, meaning “a lonely place in the woods.” Also called:

  • Axwe-’la-pc, “people of the Willapa,” by the Chinook and Quinault Indians.
  • Gila-’q!ulawas, from the name of the place where they usually lived.
  • Owhillapsh or W illapa, applied to this tribe erroneously.
  • Tkulhiyogoa-’ikc, Chinook name.

Kwalhioqua Connections. The Kwalhioqua belonged to the Athapascan linguistic stock.

Kwalhioqua Location. On the upper course of Willopah River, and the southern and western headwaters of the Chehalis. Gibbs (1877) extends their territory eastward of the Cascades, but Boas (1892) doubts the correctness of this.

Kwalhioqua Subdivisions.

  • Suwal, on headwaters of the Chehalis.
  • Wela’pakote’li, on Willapa River.

Kwalhioqua Population. Mooney (1928) estimated 200 in 1780; Hale (1846) gives about 100, but in 1850 it is said that only 2 males and several females survived, which indicates that an error had been made by one or the other.

Connection in which the Kwalhioqua Indians have become noted. The Kwalhioqua were distinguished almost solely by the fact that they belonged to the great Athapascan group yet were the only tribe of that stock in the State of Washington in historic times, having become entirely isolated from their relatives.




MLA Source Citation:

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 20 April 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kwalhioqua-indians.htm - Last updated on Jul 4th, 2012


Categories: ,
Topics: ,

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.