H California Indian Villages, Towns and Settlements

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A complete listing of all the Indian villages, towns and settlements as listed in Handbook of Americans North of Mexico.

Hahamogna. A former Gabrieleno rancheria in Los Angeles co., Cal., at a locality later called Rancho Verdugos. Ried (1852) quoted by Taylor in Cal. Farmer, June 8, 1860.

Hahas. A former Chumashan village at the principal port of Santa Cruz id., Cal., probably at Prisoners harbor. Henshaw, Buenaventura MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884.

Halchis. A former village, presumably Costanoan, connected with Dolores mission, San Francisco, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861.

Hamechuwa. A former Luiseno village in the neighborhood of San Luis Rey mission, s. Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, May 11, 1860.

Hamitinwoliyu. A former Nishinam village in the valley of Bear r., Cal.

Hanaya. A former Chumashan village in Mission canyon, near Santa Barbara mission, Cal.

Hantiwi. A Shastan tribe or band formerly living in Warm Spring valley, Modoc co., Cal.

Harasgna. A former Gabrieleno rancheria in Los Angeles co., Cal. Ried (1852) quoted by Taylor in Cal. Farmer, June 8, 1860.

Haslinding. A small Hupa village, recently deserted, on the E. side of Trinity r., Cal., at the mouth of a creek of the same name, 3 m. s. of Hupa valley. (P. E. G.)

Hasoomale. One of the Diegueño rancherias represented in the treaty of 1852 at Santa Isabel, s. Cal. H. R. Ex. Doc. 76, 34th Cong., 3d sess., 133, 1857.

Hassasei. A rancheria, probably Diegueño, on the coast of Lower California; it was under the mission of San Miguel de la Frontera, which was in lat. 32°. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, May 18, 1860.

Hataam (rider). A Diegueno rancheria in N. w. Lower California, near Santo Tomas mission; visited in 1867 by Wm. Gabb, who obtained a vocabulary published in Ztschr. f. Ethnologic, 1877.

Hatawa. A former Luiseno village in the neighborhood of San Luis Rev mission, s. Cal. (Taylor in Cal. Farmer, May 11, 1860). Possibly the same as Ehutewa.

Hauzaurni. A former Costanoan village near Santa Cruz mission, Gal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 5, 1860.

Hawai. A former Diegueno rancheria under the Dominican mission of San Miguel de la Frontera, w. coast of Lower California, about 30 in. s. of San Diego, Cal. (A. S. G.)

Helapoonuch. A former Chumashan village situated about 15 m. from Santa Barbara mission, Cal. Father Timeno (1856) quoted by Taylor in Cal. Farmer, May 4, 1860.

Hello (Hĕl-lo). A former Chumashan village on Mooris id, w. of Santa Barbara, Cal. Henshaw, Buenaventura MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884.

Heluta. A former Cholovone village in San Joaquin co., Cal., near San Joaquin r. Pinart, Cholovone MS., B. A. E., 1880.

Hembem. A former Maidu village on the E. side of North fork of American r., about 6 m. s. E. of Colfax, Placer co., Cal. Dixon in Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., xvii, pl. xxxviii, 1905.

Henaggi. An Athapascan tribe or band residing, according to Powers (Cont. N. A. Ethnol., in, 65, 1877), on Smith r., Cal. A treaty was made with them Aug. 17, 1857. It is said they were exceedingly hostile to the neighboring bands to whom they were related, but this hostility was probably only a temporary feud. They are seemingly extinct.

Hepowwoo. A former Luiseno village in the neighborhood of San Luis Rey mission, s. Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, May 11, 1860.

Heuchi. A Yokuts tribe formerly living in the plains on or s. of Fresno r., N. central Cal., and on Fresno reserve in 1861, when they numbered 18.

Hitschowon. A former Chumashan village on the harbor of Santa Cruz id., off the coast of California.

Hittoya (‘westerners’. Kroeber). A division of the Miwok on upper Chowchilla r., Mariposa co., Cal.

Hoako. A former Maidu village on the w. bank of Feather r., below Marysville, Sutter co., Cal. (R. B. D.)

Hoitda. A division of the Maidu living on Rock cr., in the N. part of Butte co., Cal.

Hokokwito. A former village of the Awani division of the Miwok, opposite Yosemite falls, in Yosemite valley, Mariposa co., Cal. The hotel now occupies its site.

Hokomo. A former Maidu village on the E. side of Middle fork of Feather r., almost due N. of Mooretown, Butte co., Cal. Dixon in Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., xvii, pl. xxxviii, 1905.

Hokwaits (Ho-kwaits). A band of Paiute formerly living near Ivanpah, s. E. Cal. (Powell in Ind. Aff. Rep. 1873, 51, 1874). Cf. Hakwiche, the Mohave name of the Kawia, q. v.

Holeclame. One of several tribes formerly occupying “the country from Buena Vista and Carises lakes, and Kern r. to the Sierra Nevada and Coast range,” Cal. (Barbour in Sen. Ex. Doc. 4, 32d Cong., spec, sess., 256, 1853). By treaty of June 10, 1851, these tribes reserved a tract between Tejon pass and Kern r. , and ceded the remainder of their lands to the United States. Probably Mariposan (Yokuts), though possibly Chumashan. Cf. Holkoma, Holmiuk.

Holholto. A former Maidu village a few miles s. of Mooretown, Butte co., Cal.

Holkoma. A Mono tribe on Sycamore cr. and Big cr. N. of Kings r., Cal . There is some doubt as to its proper name.

Holmiuk. One of the tribes formerly occupying “the country from Buena Vista and Carises lakes, and Kern r. to the Sierra Nevada and Coast range,” Cal. By treaty of June 10, 1851, these tribes re served a tract between Tejon pass and Kern r. and ceded the remainder of their land to the United States. Probably of Mariposan (Yokuts) or Shoshonean stock. Cf. Holeclame, Holkoma.

Holtrochtac. A Costanoan village formerly connected with Santa Cruz mission, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 6, 1860.

Homhoabit. Given by Rev. J. Caballeria (Hist. San Bernardino Val., 1902) as a former village, probably of the Serranos, at a place now called Homoa, near San Bernardino, s. Cal.

Homuarup. A former Karok village on Klamath r., Cal.

Honmoyaushu (Hon-mo-yau′-cu). A former Chumashan village at El Barranco, near San Pedro, Ventura co., Cal. Henshaw, Buenaventura MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884.

Honsading. A former Hupa village situated on the right bank of Trinity r., Cal., near the entrance of the canyon through which the river flows after leaving Hupa valley. (P. E. G.)

Honwee Vallecito. A Diegueno rancheria represented in the treaty of 1852 at Santa Isabel, s. Cal. H. R. Ex. Doc. 76, 34th Cong., 3d sess., 132, 1857.

Hopitsewah. Mentioned as a “sacred town” of the ” Laguna” Indians, a Porno band on the w. shore of Clear lake, Mendocino co., Cal. Revere, Tour of Duty, 130, 1849.

Hopnomkoyo. A former Maidu village on Lights cr., in the x. part of Plumas co., Cal. Dixon in Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., xvii, pl. xxxviii, 1905.

Horocroc. A former village, presumably Costanoan, connected with Dolores mission, San Francisco, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861.

Hosmite. A former Cholovone village on lower San Joaquin r., Cal.

Hottrochtac. A Costanoan village situated in 1819 within 10 m. of Santa Crux mission, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 5, I860.

Houtgna. A former Gabrieleno rancheria in Los Angeles co. Cal. , at a locality later called Ranchito de Lugo. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, June 8, 1860.

Howungkut. A Hupa village of the southern division, nearly dues, of Medilding, from which it is separated by Trinity r., Cal. At this village the first day’s dancing of the white deerskin dance of the Hupa takes place. (P. E. G.)

Hoyima. A former Yokuts (Mariposan) tribe on San Joaquin r., Cal. A. L. Kroeber, inf’n, 1906.

Huachi. A former Costanoan village near Santa Cruz mission, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 5, 1860.

Hualimea. A former Cochimi rancheria under San Ignacio mission, Lower California, about lat. 28° 40′. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Jan. 17, 1862.

Hualquilme. A former Costanoan village near Santa Cruz mission, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 5, 1860.

Huaque. Mentioned by Oviedo (Hist. Gen. Indies, in, 628, 1853) as one of the provinces or villages visited by Ayllon in 1520. Probably on the South Carolina coast.

Huasna. A former Chumashan village near Purisima mission, Santa Barbara co., Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861.

Huelemin. A former Chumashan village near Santa Barbara, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 24, 1863.

Huenejel. A former Chumashan village near Purisima mission, Santa Barbara co., Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861. Mentioned as if distinct from Huenepel.

Hueneme. A former Chumashan village on the coast, a few miles s. of Saticoy r., Ventura co., Cal.

Huenepel. A former Chumashan village near Purisima mission, Santa Barbara co., Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861. Mentioned as if distinct from Huenejel.

Huhunata (Hu-hu′-na-ta). A former Chumashan village near Santa Inez mission, Santa Barbara co., Cal. Henshaw, Santa Inez MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884.

Huililoc. A former Chumashan village near Santa Barbara, Cal. Hel-i-ok. Henshaw, Buenaventura MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884. Huililoc. Taylor in Cal. Farmer,. Apr. 24, 1863.

Huimen. A former Costanoan rancheria connected with Dolores mission, San Francisco, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861.

Huinyirren. A former Costanoan village whose people were connected with San Juan Bautista mission, Cal.

Huixapapa. A former Chumashan village near Santa Barbara, Cal. Bancroft, Nat. Races, i, 459, 1874.

Huldanggats (XAldā′ ñguts, ‘slaves’). A division of the Hagi-lanas, an important part of the Raven clan among the Ninstints Haida of Queen Charlotte ids. , Brit, Col. The native story told to account for their name relates that a chief s wife was once giving these people food, and since they never seemed to have enough, she finally said, “Are you slaves?” The name clung to them ever after. (J .R. S.)

Humalija. A former Chumashan village near Santa Barbara, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 24, 1863.

Humawhi. A Shastan tribe or subtribe formerly living on the s. fork of Pit r., Modoc co., Cal. According to Curtin they were a portion of the Ilmawi, living a short distance N. of Hot Spring, Modoc co.

Humkak (Hum-kak′). An important Chumashan village formerly near Pt Conception, Santa Barbara co., Cal. Henshaw, Buenaventura MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884.

Hunawurp (Hu-na-wúrp). One of the Chumashan villages formerly near Santa Inez mission, Santa Barbara co., Cal. Henshaw, Santa Inez MS. vocab., B. A. E., 1884.

Hunctu. A former village, presumably Costanoan, connected with Dolores mission, San Francisco, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Oct. 18, 1861.

Hunxapa. A former Chumashan village near Santa Barbara, Cal.

Huocom. A former Costanoan village near Santa Cruz mission, Cal. Taylor in Cal. Farmer, Apr. 5, 1860.

Hutucgna. A former Gabrieleno rancheria in Los Angeles co., Cal., at a place later called Santa Ana (Yorbas).



MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 17 July 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/h-california-indian-villages-towns-and-settlements.htm - Last updated on Oct 14th, 2013


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