Canton Indian Asylum, 1924 Female Patients

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

In 1898, Congress passed a bill creating the only ‘Institution for Insane Indians’ in the United States. The Canton Indian Insane Asylum, South Dakota (sometimes called Hiawatha Insane Asylum) opened for the reception of patients in January, 1903.

Many of the inmates were not mentally ill. Native Americans risked being confined in the asylum for alcoholism, opposing government or business interests, or for being culturally misunderstood. A 1927 investigation conducted by the Bureau of Indian Affairs determined that a large number of patients showed no signs of mental illness. The asylum was closed in 1934. While open, more than 350 patients were detained there, in terrible conditions. At least 121 died.

Land was set aside for a cemetery, but the Indian Office decided that stone markers for graves would be an unwarranted expense. Today, the cemetery (121 names) is located in the middle of a golf course in Canton. No one knows the cause of death of the incarcerated or why they were even at the asylum. The National Park Service has recently added the cemetery to the National Register of Historic Places.

This page covers the female patients interred in Canton Asylum during the year of 1924.

June 1924 Female Patients

1Agusta, JoannaPapagoSellsArizona
2Ambrose, VivianColvilleSpokaneWashington
3Amour, ChristineMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
4Amyotte, EmmaChippewaTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
5Bite, RosaBlackfeetBlackfeetMontana
6Blanchard, MaggieChippewaHaywardWisconsin
7Caldwell, AgnesMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
8Canoe, KateWinnebagoGrand RapidsWisconsin
9Chavez, LilliamPuebloLagunaNew Mexico
10Chico, MariePapagoSellsArizona
11Dauphinais, MadelineChippewaTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
12DeCoteau, MargaretSiouxSissetonSouth Dakota
13Drag ToesNavajoNavajoArizona
14Eldridge, EmilyBlackfeetBlackfeetMontana
15Ensign, MedaShoshoneShoshoneWyoming
16Espinoza, FrancesPuebloNorth PuebloNew Mexico
17Esponiza, JuanitaPuebloNorth PuebloNew Mexico
18Faribault, ElizabethSiouxSissetonSouth Dakota
19Fast Horse, StellaSiouxPine RidgeSouth Dakota
20Fredericks, PisquoponokeMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
21GondosayquayChippewaLeech LakeMinnesota
22Houle, CypiaCreeTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
23Hurley, NelliePimaPimaArizona
24Ignation, MaryPapagoSellsArizona
25Kalonuheskie, EdithCherokeeCherokeeNorth Carolina
26Kiger, No WalkPiuteNevadaNevada
27La Lakes, LeonaKlamathKlamathOregon
28LaMere, SaddieWinnebagoWinnebagoNebraska
29Montriel, AdeleChippewaTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
30Moss, AmeliaCaddoKiowaOklahoma
32Nicholson, MaggieGros VentresFt. BelknapMontana
33Ortez, Victoria M.PuebloAlbuquerqueNew Mexico
35Porlier, LouiseMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
36Redowl, LizzieSiouxPine RidgeSouth Dakota
37Sheayounena, MinnieHopiMoquiArizona
38Smoke, AnniePiuteWarm SpringsOregon
39Spicer, KittieWyandotteSenecaOklahoma
40Sweet Grass WomanMandanFt. BertholdNorth Dakota
41Three Stars, SophiaSiouxPine RidgeSouth Dakota
42WahbesheshequayChippewaLeech LakeMinnesota
43Waite, EmilyChickasawUnionOklahoma
44Wash, RoseArickaraFt. BertholdNorth Dakota
45Wauketch, MaryMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
46Wishecoby, SusanMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
47Yazza, ZonnaNavajoNavajoArizona

MLA Source Citation: Web. 26 January 2015. - Last updated on Oct 10th, 2013

Categories: ,
Topics: ,

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.

Connect With Us!

Pin It on Pinterest


Share This

Share this post with your friends!