Canton Indian Asylum, 1924 Female Patients

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In 1898, Congress passed a bill creating the only ‘Institution for Insane Indians’ in the United States. The Canton Indian Insane Asylum, South Dakota (sometimes called Hiawatha Insane Asylum) opened for the reception of patients in January, 1903.

Many of the inmates were not mentally ill. Native Americans risked being confined in the asylum for alcoholism, opposing government or business interests, or for being culturally misunderstood. A 1927 investigation conducted by the Bureau of Indian Affairs determined that a large number of patients showed no signs of mental illness. The asylum was closed in 1934. While open, more than 350 patients were detained there, in terrible conditions. At least 121 died.

Land was set aside for a cemetery, but the Indian Office decided that stone markers for graves would be an unwarranted expense. Today, the cemetery (121 names) is located in the middle of a golf course in Canton. No one knows the cause of death of the incarcerated or why they were even at the asylum. The National Park Service has recently added the cemetery to the National Register of Historic Places.

This page covers the female patients interred in Canton Asylum during the year of 1924.

June 1924 Female Patients

Number
Name
Tribe
Reservation
State
1Agusta, JoannaPapagoSellsArizona
2Ambrose, VivianColvilleSpokaneWashington
3Amour, ChristineMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
4Amyotte, EmmaChippewaTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
5Bite, RosaBlackfeetBlackfeetMontana
6Blanchard, MaggieChippewaHaywardWisconsin
7Caldwell, AgnesMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
8Canoe, KateWinnebagoGrand RapidsWisconsin
9Chavez, LilliamPuebloLagunaNew Mexico
10Chico, MariePapagoSellsArizona
11Dauphinais, MadelineChippewaTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
12DeCoteau, MargaretSiouxSissetonSouth Dakota
13Drag ToesNavajoNavajoArizona
14Eldridge, EmilyBlackfeetBlackfeetMontana
15Ensign, MedaShoshoneShoshoneWyoming
16Espinoza, FrancesPuebloNorth PuebloNew Mexico
17Esponiza, JuanitaPuebloNorth PuebloNew Mexico
18Faribault, ElizabethSiouxSissetonSouth Dakota
19Fast Horse, StellaSiouxPine RidgeSouth Dakota
20Fredericks, PisquoponokeMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
21GondosayquayChippewaLeech LakeMinnesota
22Houle, CypiaCreeTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
23Hurley, NelliePimaPimaArizona
24Ignation, MaryPapagoSellsArizona
25Kalonuheskie, EdithCherokeeCherokeeNorth Carolina
26Kiger, No WalkPiuteNevadaNevada
27La Lakes, LeonaKlamathKlamathOregon
28LaMere, SaddieWinnebagoWinnebagoNebraska
29Montriel, AdeleChippewaTurtle MountainNorth Dakota
30Moss, AmeliaCaddoKiowaOklahoma
31NesbaNavajoNavajoArizona
32Nicholson, MaggieGros VentresFt. BelknapMontana
33Ortez, Victoria M.PuebloAlbuquerqueNew Mexico
34OzowshquahPotawatomiPotawatomiKansas
35Porlier, LouiseMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
36Redowl, LizzieSiouxPine RidgeSouth Dakota
37Sheayounena, MinnieHopiMoquiArizona
38Smoke, AnniePiuteWarm SpringsOregon
39Spicer, KittieWyandotteSenecaOklahoma
40Sweet Grass WomanMandanFt. BertholdNorth Dakota
41Three Stars, SophiaSiouxPine RidgeSouth Dakota
42WahbesheshequayChippewaLeech LakeMinnesota
43Waite, EmilyChickasawUnionOklahoma
44Wash, RoseArickaraFt. BertholdNorth Dakota
45Wauketch, MaryMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
46Wishecoby, SusanMenomineeKeshenaWisconsin
47Yazza, ZonnaNavajoNavajoArizona


MLA Source Citation:

AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 30 August 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/canton-indian-asylum-1924-female-patients.htm - Last updated on Oct 10th, 2013


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