Seneca County New York Census Records

Seneca County New York was established in 1804, prior to that date researchers would need to access census information within the parent counties, Montgomery County for 1790 and Cayuga County for 1800. The availability of free indexes for each of the census is dependent on volunteers. The primary source for free Seneca county indexes are at FamilySearch, however, they link their search to the images to be found on Ancestry, which you must pay for. You can use the roll and page number from their index and access the records via the free census images below. In this way you are able to search and view every census record in Seneca County New York for free.

A census is an official enumeration of the population in a particular area. In addition to counting the inhabitants of an area, the census generally collects other vital information, such as names, ages, citizenship status, and ethnic background. Each census can prove to be invaluable in painting a portrait of a family at a particular place and time. For genealogists, census records have become the go-to tool when conducting research in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In theory, census enumerate every person in every household, in ever district, in every town, in the state or country the census was taken in. In reality, they did miss people, for various reasons, and quite often misspelled names. To add further confusion, most census indices have been extracted by foreigners not familiar with the handwriting of the enumerator, or the local names. This requires the researcher to be diligent in searching for an individual, and don’t always take a “no results” in a search as the definitive word.

1910 New York Census Map
1910 New York Census Map

Unless otherwise indicated, all census records listed on this page should be accessible for free. When cost may be involved those listings will include the $$$ symbols. As a general rule we do not provide subscription listings when a free website location contains both the index and the images except for Ancestry. FamilySearch currently provides this method for the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1890, 1900 and 1940 census. As a result we limit those census to only the listings from FamilySearch and Ancestry (for users of FTM and subscribers).

State censuses were created by the state of New York and were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795. Unfortunately, Seneca county struck out from 1855-1875 and all three census years their records have been lost.

  • These census forms will help you keep track of the census information you find online: Free Census Forms

1790 Seneca County New York Census Records

  • Free U. S. 1790 Census Form
  • 1790 Census Guide
  • Family Search 1790 Census Index
    Name index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States in 1790. This was the first national census conducted in the United States. No schedules are known to exist for Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia.
  • 1790 New York Census Images – Reel 0006
    These are free images of the 1790 census as they appear on the microfilm rolls. The quality of them is dependent on the actual film being scanned and in some cases may be difficult to read. Remember that Seneca County in 1790 was a part of Montgomery County, so you will need to search that county when looking for your ancestor. Reel 006 covers the entire state of New York as it was in 1790.
  • Ancestry 1790 Census Index and Images – $$$

1800 Seneca County New York Census Records

1810 Seneca County New York Census Records

1820 Seneca County New York Census Records

1830 Seneca County New York Census Records

1840 Seneca County New York Census Records

1850 Seneca County New York Census Records

1855 Seneca County New York State Census

  • There was a state census taken in New York in 1855, however the records from it for Seneca County have been lost.

1860 Seneca County New York Census Records

  • Free U. S. 1860 Census Form
  • 1860 Census Guide
  • Family Search 1860 Census Index and Images
    Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1860. Currently, data is available for Alabama (96%), Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Dakota Territory, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania (99%), Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.
  • Ancestry 1860 Census Index and Images – $$$

1865 Seneca County New York Census Records

  • There was a state census taken in New York in 1865, however the records from it for Seneca County have been lost.

1870 Seneca County New York Census Records

1875 Seneca County New York State Census Records

  • There was a state census taken in New York in 1875, however the records from it for Seneca County have been lost.

1880 Seneca County New York Census Records

  • Free U. S. 1880 Census Form
  • 1880 Census Guide
  • Family Search 1880 Census Index
    Names index to population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1880.
  • 1880 New York Census Images
    These are free images of the 1800 census as they appear on the microfilm rolls. The quality of them is dependent on the actual film being scanned and in some cases may be difficult to read. Either browse through them or for quicker results, use the Family Search index first.

    • Reel 0931
      Contains Schoharie and Seneca Counties. You’ll find the portion of Seneca (part: EDs 1 – 160, sheet 74)
    • Reel 0932
      Contains Seneca and Steuben Counties. You’ll find the portion of Seneca (cont’d: ED 160, sheet 75-end)
  • Ancestry 1880 Census Index and Images – $$$

1890 Seneca County New York Census Records

1892 Seneca County New York State Census Records

  • New York, State Census, 1892 – $$$
    Name index and images of the 1892 New York State Census. Hosted at Ancestry. Subscribers of Ancestry and users of FTM should use this link. This is a great census replacement for the Federal 1890 census, most of which was lost in a fire.

1900 Seneca County New York Census Records

1905 Seneca County New York State Census Records

  • New York, State Census, 1905
    Images of the population schedule of the census of New York taken in 1905. This census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905.

1910 Seneca County New York Census Records

1915 Seneca County New York State Census Records

  • New York, State Census, 1915 – free/$$$
    Name index of the 1925 New York State Census at FamilySearch. To access the images you will need to be a member of Ancestry, however, the index as presented by FamilySearch includes more information in it then what you can find for free at Ancestry.
  • New York, State Census, 1915 – $$$
    Name index and images of the 1915 New York State Census. Hosted at Ancestry. Subscribers of Ancestry and users of FTM should use this link.

1920 Seneca County New York Census Records

1925 Seneca County New York State Census Records

  • New York, State Census, 1925 – free/$$$
    Name index of the 1925 New York State Census at FamilySearch. To access the images you will need to be a member of Ancestry, however, the index as presented by FamilySearch includes more information in it then what you can find for free at Ancestry.
  • New York, State Census, 1925 – $$$
    Name index and images of the 1925 New York State Census. Hosted at Ancestry. Subscribers of Ancestry and users of FTM should use this link.

1930 Seneca County New York Census Records

1940 Seneca County New York Census Records

  • Free U. S. 1940 Census Form
  • 1940 Census Guide
  • Family Search 1940 Census Index and Images
    Name index of population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1940. This was the sixteenth census conducted since 1790. There were 134 million individuals enumerated this census year. The schedules cover the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.
  • Official 1940 Census Website Images – Seneca County
    This is the first census year in which the National Archives chose to release the images to the public by releasing them on their website for free. Unfortunately, they provide no index. This requires you to browse the specific locality for your ancestor. The above link takes you directly to the search result match for Seneca County, saving you a few steps.
  • Ancestry 1940 Census Index and Images – $$$



MLA Source Citation:

AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 21 December 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/seneca-county-new-york-census-records.htm - Last updated on May 30th, 2014

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