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Treaty of June 25, 1817

A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded between William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners on the part and behalf of the United states of America, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors of the Poncarar tribe of Indians, on the [their] part and of their said tribe of the other part. The parties being desirous of re-established peace and friendship between the United States and their said tribe, and of being placed, in all things and every respect, upon the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles: Article I. Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot. Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said Poncarar tribe; and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed. Article III. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, sovereign, whatever. In witness whereof, the said William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this twenty-fifth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, and of the independence of the United States the forty-first. William Clark Auguste...

Oklahoma Land Patents – Ponca Tribe

Patentee NameDateDoc. #Accession # A-NON-TA-WEE07/22/190960062-0973427 AGSH-NAW-TAW-EE02/23/191067090-09113028 BARNABY, PETER04/20/190942686-0956818 BE-CHAY-THAW07/24/191199413-10219053 BERT FRESH MEAT11/12/1908162995-0829252 BIG-GOOSE, LEONARD09/13/190984197-0978915 BLACK HAIR HORSE, AGNES07/22/190960062-0973427 BLACK HAIR HORSE, LOU08/19/190975319-0975901 BLACK-TONGUE, ROZETTA11/26/1909104790-0991896 BROWN, BELLE W09/08/1908144208-0811669 BUFFALO HEAD, JULIA S07/22/190965402-0973523 BUFFALO-BULL, JOSIE10/29/1908123969-0825694 BUFFALO-BULL, MARY10/29/1908123969-0825693 BUFFALO-HEAD, PETER05/14/190953285-0960880 BUFFALO-HEAD, ROBERT08/19/190979689-0975908 BULL, JULIA ALLEN04/27/190938214-0958182 COLLINS, CHARLES09/08/1908144208-0811665 COLLINS, LAURA P09/08/1908144208-0811666 COLLINS, LOUISA05/01/191189388-10194466 COLLINS, LUCY08/19/190975316-0975900 COLLINS, MELVIN05/01/191195135-10194470 CRAZY-ARROW, BELLE W09/08/1908144208-0811669 CRAZY-BEAR, MILDRED05/24/190953287-0963515 CRAZY-BEAR, MILDRED B C05/24/190953287-0963515 CRETH-NO-EAR10/11/190989679-0983674 CRETH-TREADS-ON-TWO10/11/190989679-0983674 DE KNIGHT CROOKED HAND, ANNA04/07/190936506-0955175 DE LODGE, LOUIS06/10/190952715-0966377 FIRE-SHAKER, GUS05/01/1911102741194459 FIRESHAKER, ANNA D04/07/190936506-0955175 GAYTON, SAMUEL04/05/190925018-0954655 GEE-ON-WEE07/22/190964751-0973520 HA-BA-GLEE-DA04/20/190938949-0956817 HAIRY-BACK, ELINOR W06/21/190957723-0968169 HAN-LUN-GAY02/23/191096318-09113031 HAY-SON-SHEE-GRAY08/19/190979689-0975908 HIN-GEE-WAW-SHEE09/08/1908144208-0811670 IN-GLAW-SON-WEE05/01/191195135-10194468 KAY-LAW-DON-WEE05/14/190953285-0960880 KEMBLE, ELLIOTT01/29/1916578652510661 KEMBLE, KENNETH09/13/190984196-0978914 KING, GEORGE06/21/190956541-0968167 KNOWS-THE-COUNTRY, JEFFREY04/27/190947562-0958554 LE CLAIR, JOSEPH09/08/1908144208-0811668 LE CLAIR, KATHERINE06/10/190952714-0966376 LECLAIR, ZOIE J12/06/1916659789557364 LEE-HEE-DAW-WEE06/21/190957723-0968169 LITTLE HOLE, THEO05/20/190954349-0962909 LITTLE HOLE, THEODORE05/20/190954349-0962909 LITTLE-COOK, LIZZIE11/26/1909101436-0991893 LITTLE-SOLDIER02/23/191067090-09113027 LITTLE-SWIFT, OSBORN02/27/1914400189388501 LITTLE-TURTLE, AGNES02/23/191067090-09113028 LITTLE-VOICE, RAMONA07/22/190964751-0973520 MAW-SHE-SKA10/04/190955778-0982259 MCDONALD05/01/191199414-10194471 MCDONALD, AMELIA05/01/191195135-10194469 MCDONALD, JULIA F W06/10/190947082-0966426 ME-AH-SHIN-GA04/05/190925018-0954655 ME-LEE03/30/1915483115465965 ME-NON-PAW-PEE05/24/190953287-0963515 ME-TAH-INGA11/26/1909101436-0991893 ME-TON-EE05/04/190936509-0958991 MEAN-BEAR, JUDITH05/01/191195135-10194467 MEE-AM-CON-DA05/01/191195135-10194467 MEE-CAW-KAW-GAY04/27/190947562-0958554 MEE-HO-SAW-SAW04/07/190936506-0955175 MEE-KAW-SEE03/06/190922154-0949467 MORGAN10/10/1912258906295890 MORGAN, MARY W F10/10/1912258906295889 MORGAN, MARY W F10/04/190955778-0982258 MUS-TAY-WEE10/10/1912258906295889 MUS-TAY-WEE10/04/190955778-0982258 NAU-KEE-DA-LEE-GA07/22/190966262-0973524 NAW-ZHAY-GAY-TEE05/01/191195135-10194469 NEE-AH-GA-WALLAY10/29/1908123969-0825694 NEE-AH-KEE-BA-NUM09/13/190984196-0978914 NO-EAR07/22/190966262-0973524 NO-EAR, JACK04/20/190938949-0956817 NO-EAR, PHILIP04/05/190925006-0954656 OO-HUM-BAY07/22/190964750-0973519 OTHER, PHILIP08/19/190979672-0975907 PACKHORSE, GRACE Y B05/01/191195135-10194468 PACKHORSE, LEMUEL01/21/1909197659-0841899 PAPPAN, CLINTON04/07/190936507-0955176 PAPPAN, HARRIET CERRE06/10/190952712-0966374 PAPPAN, KATE LE CLAIR09/01/1908132783-0810497 PAPPAN LITTLE COOK, MARIAN06/10/190952711-0966373 PENSONEAU, LIZZIE11/26/1909101436-0991893 POLLOCK, ROZETTA11/26/1909104790-0991896 PONCA-WEE10/29/1908123969-0825693 PRIMEAUX, BAPTISTE07/24/191199413-10219053 PRIMEAUX, CHARLES06/10/190947560-0966428 PRIMEAUX, GEORGE10/25/1909101434-0985882 PRIMEAUX, HELENA01/25/1909193719-0842856 PRIMEAUX, KATHERINE02/23/191096318-09113032 PRIMEAUX, SILAS02/23/191096318-09113031 PRIMEAUX, SUSAN03/30/1915483115465965 PRIMEAUX, THOMAS06/10/190952713-0966375 RAISES-THE-OTHER, CYRIL09/13/190984618-0978916 RAISES-THE-OTHER, GEORGE09/13/190984618-0978916 RAISES-THE-OTHER, WILLIAM09/13/190984618-0978916 RED LEAF CERRE, LOU08/19/190975319-0975901 RED-LEAF, LESLIE08/09/190982045-0975062 RHODD, LUCY COLLINS08/19/190975316-0975900 ROUGH FACE, NOBLE LEWIS05/04/190936512-0958993 ROY, ALBERTA F E02/03/1916582733511373 ROY, CHARLES06/21/190959129-0968170 ROY, ED11/12/1908156417-0829251 ROY, FRED03/06/190922154-0949467 ROY, LIZZIE PRIMEAUX05/01/191189388-10194465 ROY, MINNIE B F03/06/190920473-0949468 ROY, ZILLA11/12/1908162995-0829253 RUNNING-AFTER-ARROW, CLARENCE07/22/190964750-0973519 RUNNING-O-WATER, MAUDE10/10/1912258906295890 SAW-EE-DAY-TON02/23/191096318-09113034 SHINES-WHITE02/23/191096318-09113034 SHOW-DA-TE06/10/190952715-0966377 SNAKE, LUCY03/18/190918997-0952278 STANDS-BLACK, IRVING08/28/1915541974488413 STANDS-YELLOW09/08/1908144208-0811670 SU-GLAW-DAW-BEE01/25/1909193719-0842855 TA-NOO-GA-NUMBA07/22/190960404-0973433 TAW-NEE-NEE08/09/190982045-0975062 TAY-SHIN-GA-SAW-BAY09/13/190984197-0978915 TAY-SON-WEE10/10/1912258906295890 TON-EN-GREE-HAY03/18/190918997-0952278 WA-GUN-WEE04/22/1913315408327572 WAN-ZHEE-WAH-HA04/20/190942686-0956818 WAR-SEE-SEE-GAY06/21/190956541-0968167 WATER, CHARLES07/22/190960404-0973433 WATER, JAMES12/06/1916657995557538 WATER, JESSE10/25/190984194-0985878...

Nebraska Land Patents – Ponca Tribe

Patentee NameDateDoc. #Accession # BAKER, ALICE 10/29/1908 161172-0825540 BAKER, FLORA 06/12/1911146242206051 BAKER, FREDERICK 06/12/1911146205206047 BAKER, HATTIE 10/29/1908 161186-0825542 BAKER, STEVEN 07/22/1909 65403-0973513 BARKER, BYRON J 10/29/1908 154295-0825394 BARKER, JENNIE E 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 BEAR, HARRISON 07/28/1916632043540436 BEAR, HAZEL 12/06/1916632043557518 BEAR, LUCY 07/28/1916632043540446 BEAR, ROSA W 06/06/1910 39413-10134438 BEAR, RUTH 06/12/1911146204206046 BEAR-BARREL, ROSA W 06/06/1910 39413-10134438 BIGBEAR, IDA ROY 01/04/1912186818240728 BIRDHEAD, JOSEPH 02/17/19104308-10112220 BIRDHEAD, LILLIE 10/19/1908 175798-0822130 BLAINE, MARY 07/28/1916 632043 540437 BROKENJAW 05/04/1916 613410 527373 BROKENJAW, LEWIS 04/03/1915 506104 466541 BROKENJAW, LEWIS 05/04/1916 613404 527368 BUFFALO-CHIEF, EDWARD 05/04/1916 613410 527373 CHRISTENSEN, ROSALIE SHERMAN 06/21/1909 57740-09 68160 CLEMMONS, HATTIE 10/29/1908 161186-08 25542 COLE, HERBERT 06/12/1911 146241 206050 CONWAY, CORA 04/14/1909 13065-09 55741 CONWAY, CORA 05/24/1909 58082-09 64283 CRIER, EMILY K 11/26/1909 102248-0991882 CRIER-HOWE, EMILY K 06/12/1911146203206045 DAVIS, MINNIE M 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 DRAPEAU, SUSAN LA CLAIR 06/12/1911146245206054 DUCKER, REBECCA H 06/12/1911146243206052 ELK, DAVID 06/12/1911146206206048 FISHER, ALICE 10/29/1908 161172-0825540 FRAZIER, HANNAH H 10/10/1910 63544-10156726 FRAZIER, HARRIETT 10/29/1908 161186-0825548 GLICK, CORA M 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 GLICK, JOHN O 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 GLICK, PHARIS 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 GLICK, PHARIS W 06/21/1909 56540-0968153 GLICK, SANFORD 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 GLICK, SANFORD 10/10/1910 50833-10156718 GLICK, TAYLOR 11/26/1909 108253-0991890 GRANT, SUSAN ROY REE 06/17/1915482988478797 HAMILTON, RACHEL J 10/09/1911178480228826 HENIFIN, IRENE M POST 10/26/1911183063231586 HOWE, ARNOLD 07/28/1916632043540439 HOWE, BENJAMIN 01/07/1909 195234-0838130 HOWE, CORA LESSOR 01/07/1909 1925234-0838131 HOWE, EMILY K 11/26/1909 102248-0991882 HOWE, JOHN 06/12/1911146244206053 HOWE, REBECCA 06/12/1911146243206052 KNUDSEN, ELIZA R 05/14/1913327333333894 KNUDSEN, OTTO B 05/04/1916613401527365 KNUDSEN, THOMAS O 05/04/1916613408527371 KNUDSEN, WILLIAM O 05/04/1916613400527364 KNUDSEN-PAPAN, LINDA O 10/22/1913365807361261 LACLAIR, LOGAN 07/28/1916632043540442 LARAVIE, ALFRED 07/28/1916632043540441 LARAVIE, ANTOINE 07/03/1916627462536627 LARAVIE, LUCY 07/28/1916632043540440 LARAVIE, MARY 07/28/1916632043540444 LARAVIE, NAPOLEON 05/04/1916613412527375 LARAVIE, NAPOLEON 07/03/1916627462536627 LESSOR, CORA 01/07/1909 1925234-0838131 LESSOR, JESSE...

Treaty of March 10, 1865

Supplementary treaty between the United States of America and the Ponca tribe of Indians, made at the city of Washington on the tenth day of March, A. D. 1865, between William P. Dole, commissioner on the part of the United States, and Wah-gah-sap-pi, or Iron Whip; Gist-tah-wah-gu, or Strong Walker; Wash-com-mo-ni, or Mitchell P. Cerre; Ash-nan-e-kah-gah-he, or Lone Chief; Tah-ton-ga-nuz-zhe, or Standing Buffalo; on the part of the Ponca tribe of Indians, they being duly authorized and empowered by the said tribe, as follows, viz: Article 1.The Ponca tribe of Indians hereby cede and relinquish to the United States all that portion of their present reservation as described in the first article of the treaty of March 12th, 1858, lying west of the range line between townships numbers (32) thirty-two and (33) thirty-three north, ranges (10) ten and (11) eleven west of the (6) sixth principal meridian, according to the Kansas and Nebraska survey; estimated to contain thirty thousand acres, be the same more or less. Article 2.In consideration of the cession or release of that portion of the reservation above described by the Ponca tribe of Indians to the Government of the United States, the Government of the United States, by way of rewarding them for their constant fidelity to the Government and citizens thereof, and with a view of returning to the said tribe of Ponca Indians their old burying-grounds and corn-fields, hereby cede and relinquish to the tribe of Ponca Indians the following-described fractional townships, to wit: township (31) thirty-one north, range (7) seven west; also, fractional township (32) thirty-two north, ranges (6,) six, (7,) seven,...

Treaty of March 12, 1858

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the city of Washington, on the twelfth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight, by Charles E. Mix, commissioner on the part of the United States, and Wa-gah-sah-pi, or Whip; Gish-tah-wah-gu, or Strong Walker; Mitchell P. Cera, or Wash-kom-moni; A-shno-ni-kah-gah-hi, or Lone Chief; Shu-kah-bi, or Heavy Clouds; Tah-tungah-nushi, or Standing Buffalo, on the part of the Ponca tribe of Indians; they being thereto duly authorized and empowered by said tribe. Article 1. The Ponca tribe of Indians hereby cede and relinquish to the United States all the lands now owned or claimed by them, wherever situate, except the tract bounded as follows, viz: Beginning at a point on the Neobrara River and running due north, so as to intersect the Ponca River twenty-five miles from its mouth; thence from said point of intersection, up and along the Ponca River, twenty — miles; thence due south to the Neobrara River; and thence down and along said river to the place of beginning; which tract is hereby reserved for the future homes of said Indians; and to which they agree and bind themselves to remove within one year from the date of the ratification of this agreement by this Senate and President of the United States. Article 2. In consideration of the foregoing cession and relinquishment, the United States agree and stipulate as follows, viz: First. To protect the Poncas in the possession of the tract of land reserved for their future homes, and their persons and property thereon, during good behavior on their part. Second. To pay to them,...

Treaty of June 9, 1825

For the purposes of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissension, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Poncar tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier General Henry Atkinson, of the United States’ Army, and Major Benjamin O’Fallon, Indian Agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, Headmen, and Warriors, of the Poncar tribe of Indians, on behalf of said tribe, of the other part, have made and entered into the following articles and conditions, which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be binding on both parties—to wit: Article 1. It is admitted by the Poncar tribe of Indians, that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection. The said tribe also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them. Article 2. The United States agree to receive the Poncar tribe of Indians into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States. Article 3. All trade and intercourse with the Poncar tribe shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the President of the...

Houses of the Ponca Tribe

That the Ponca and Omaha were formerly a single tribe is accepted without question, and that the separation took place long after they crossed the Mississippi from their ancient habitat is established by the traditions of the two tribes. Probably the two tribes in later years, after the separation, continued to resemble one another to such a degree that the, villages of one could not have been distinguished from those of the other. A deserted village of the Ponca was discovered by members of the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804, and according to the narrative of the expedition on September 5 they arrived at the “river Poncara,” which entered the Missouri from the south, and at its mouth was 30 yards in width. “Two men whom we dispatched to the village of the same name, returned with information that they had found it on the lower side of the creek: but as this is the hunting season, the town was so completely deserted that they had killed a buffalo in the village itself.”1 The “river Poncara,” later to be known as Ponca Creek, enters the right bank of the Missouri in the western part of the present Knox County, Nebraska. Here they continued to live for some years, and during the spring of 1833 Maximilian said they “dwell on both sides of Running-water River, and on Ponca Creek, which Lewis and Clark call Poncara. “Running-water River was the earlier name of the Niobrara. “The band of them, which we met with here, has set up eight or nine leather tents, at the mouth of Basil Creek, on a fine...

Ponca Tribe

Ponca Indians. One of the five tribes of the so-called Dhegiha group of the Siouan family, forming with the Omaha, Osage, and Kansa, the upper Dhegiha or Omaha division. The Ponca and Omaha have the same language, differing only in some dialectic forms and approximating the Quapaw rather than the Kansa and Osage languages. The early history of the tribe is the same as that of the other tribes of the group, and, after the first separation, is identical with that, of the Omaha. After the migration of the combined body to the mouth of Osage river the first division of the Omaha group took place, the Osage settling on that stream, and the Kansa continuing up Missouri river, while the Omaha and Ponca crossed to the north side. The course of the latter is given from the tradition recorded by J. O. Dorsey1 as follows: The Omaha and Ponca, after crossing the Missouri, ascended a tributary of that river, which may have been Chariton River, and finally reached the pipestone quarry in south west Minnesota. All the traditions agree in stating that the people built earth lodges or permanent villages, cultivated the soil, and hunted buffalo and other animals. When game became scarce they abandoned their villages and moved north west. On reaching a place where game was plentiful, other villages were built and occupied for years. Thus they lived and moved until they reached the pipestone quarry. After reaching Big Sioux river they built a fort. The Dakota made war on the Omaha and their allies, defeating them and compelling them to flee south west until they reached Lake Andes, South Dakota. There, according to Omaha and...
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