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Battle at Tohotonimme

The portentous events of the day now fully impressed Colonel Steptoe with the danger that would be incurred by pressing his advance farther toward Colville and he determined, therefore, to retrace his steps toward Snake River. For potent reasons he desired to accomplish the return without a clash with the Indians. His light supply of ammunition and the overwhelming, well-armed force opposed to him augured much against risking an engagement. And, besides this, he had entertained no thought of projecting his command offensively into the country of the Spokane and Coeur d’Alene in violation of their avowed friendly relations, it having been the boast of these tribes that their hands were unstained by the white man’s blood. The reasons for withdrawing peace ably from the country were, therefore, no less cogent than the necessity for retiring without a conflict. After having reached the conclusion that the exigency of the situation demanded the retracing of the trail from Snake River, it was decided to send an express to Walla Walla bearing intelligence of the menacing conditions with which the command had met and the probable difficulty that now con fronted it, and asking that reinforcements be sent to the crossing of Snake River. To bear this message one of the friendly Nez Perces was selected and at about twilight he was properly equipped and started, with orders to make his way to the fort with all possible speed. Scant hope was entertained that the messenger would be able to reach Walla Walla. The entire distance to Snake River was through the land of Indians unfriendly to his tribe, and should...

Idaho Land Patents – Nez Percé Tribe

Patentee NameDateDoc. #Accession # ADAMS, KATE10/11/190989674-0983648 ADAMS, KITTY10/11/190989674-0983648 AGEE, ERASTUS04/14/190925011-0955624 AH-YA-TO-E-TUN-MY03/29/190918220-0953893 ALA-LIM-TA-LE-KA-SAT10/17/1916646759550836 ALFREY, JAMES JACK10/10/191068192-10156875 ALLEN, JOHNSON12/14/1914461699448885 ALLEN, MARK12/14/1914461699448884 AMERA, CHARLES03/02/1915491042460713 BARTLETT, LOUISA A05/11/190936774-0960309 BARTLETT, LOUISA A05/11/190938020-0960311 BERTRAND, WILLIAM H01/03/1914375358374722 BREDELL, DOLLY COMPO06/29/1914434433418270 CONNER, EDWARD J01/10/1914385738376253 CORBETT, PIERRE07/22/190964726-0973401 CORBETT, WILLIAM11/03/1915560015496807 CORNELIUS10/29/1908155025-0825317 CRAIG, MARY A10/05/1916647798548931 CRAIG, MINNIE C04/11/1913319950325559 DUCK, ANDREW08/06/1914441342424941 DUNHAM, E04/23/190930852-0957382 DUNLAP, S T07/22/190960412-0973400 E-LA-IPS04/14/190926003-0955622 EDWARDS, LEWIS05/04/1916613083527340 ELAN-SA-LE-KA-TSET09/13/190985919-0978906 ELLENWOOD, CROOKS THOMAS10/29/1908163587-0825511 ELLENWOOD, LILY THOMAS10/29/1908155025-0825316 ELLIOTT, IDA C05/14/1915517147472917 ELLIOTT, MARGARET08/19/190972177-0975886 ENEAS, MATTHEW01/21/1909197987-0841815 ESTES, ABBIE S10/29/1908163577-0825510 EVANS, AGATHA05/11/190936774-0960309 FAIRFIELD, CHARLES10/29/1908163577-0825510 FAIRFIELD, INNES10/29/1908163577-0825510 FAIRFIELD, MINNIE10/29/1908163577-0825510 FANN, C B11/09/191079925-10160507 FOGARTY, ANDREW RICHARD06/08/1915523042477416 FOGARTY, ROBERT B05/11/190938020-0960311 FRANK, JOHNNY05/28/1914423059409057 FRANK, SAM10/27/1913367445362317 GRUNEWALD, WILLIAM A12/16/1913358075371837 HALF-MOON, OTIS10/29/1908163587-0825512 HARSCHE, ADAIR11/19/1913374277365840 HARSCHE, JULIA11/27/1914466999444737 HAWTHORNE, IDA FAIRFIELD10/29/1908163577-0825510 HE-YUME-TAH-MAK-MY10/11/190989674-0983648 HE-YUME-TAH-MOPWE-KAUM10/29/1908163587-0825512 HENRY, BENJAMIN06/20/1916622380534654 HENRY, FRANK06/20/1916622380534655 HENRY, NOBLE06/20/1916622380534653 HENRY, SAMUEL01/21/1909197987-0841812 HESEKIAH, ELIZABETH01/21/1909197601-0841813 HINES, BENJAMIN10/29/1908162991-0825507 HODGE, G D07/22/190965363-0973402 HOLT, JOHN CLEVELAND03/24/191019307-10121010 HUBBARD, H L06/21/190959127-0968143 INGLE, LAURA10/29/1908155025-0825318 IP-NA-TOM-AH-TON-MY10/29/1908163501-0825508 JACOBS, ELIZABETH GRACE CRAIG08/06/1914441740424942 JOHN, NANCY12/16/1913358075371837 KA-LAS-PO10/16/1911175562230060 KAT-KAT-WAH-NYE-KIN06/13/1895176IDIDAA 023391 KELLEY, MINNIE C04/11/1913319950325559 KIP-KIP-PAL-I-KIN, ELLIS03/30/1915504184465720 LOTT, SAMUEL05/06/1915514578471581 LOTT, SAMUEL09/13/190986571-0978908 LOWRY, LIZZIE03/29/190918220-0953893 MAH-TO-E-NO06/12/1911126916205336 MAXWELL, STARR JACOB04/09/191027391-10123985 MCCONVILLE, JOHN01/21/1909197987-0841816 MCDONALD, JOSEPH01/21/1909197987-0841814 MEEK, JOSEPH L09/13/190986566-0978907 MEEK, JOSEPH S09/13/190986566-0978907 MEEK, LEONORA03/24/191019310-10121011 MOODY, ANNIE12/23/1915537731504623 MOODY, HALE10/29/1908162991-0825507 MOORE, LIZZIE10/29/1908163501-0825509 MOORE, THOMAS10/29/1908163501-0825508 MOORE, THOMAS10/29/1908163501-0825509 MOSES, JAMES06/13/1895176IDIDAA 023391 MOSES, JAMES10/21/1895176IDIDAA 023391 01 NATS-KEUM10/29/1908155025-0825317 NEWHARD, CHARLES01/02/1915477573451160 NEWHARD, VICTOR04/14/190925017-0955625 NEWHARD, WILLIAM04/14/190925009-0955623 PARSONS, JAMES MALLIKAN03/24/191019578-10121012 PETERSON, JOSEPH10/16/1911175562230060 PHINNEY, FITCH07/11/191044565-10143767 PHINNEY, WILLIAM11/19/1913374285365842 PHINNEY, WILLIAM09/08/191052515-10150698 PINKHAM, JOHN09/13/190985919-0978906 PORTER, MABLE05/05/1914420619402902 REDWOLF, JOSIAH04/14/190926003-0955622 REYNOLDS, THOMAS F05/11/190936774-0960309 RILEY, JENNIE08/19/1912257687288770 ROBERTS, ROSA MAY EVANS05/14/1913327342333887 SETH, CONLY04/14/190925012-0955705 SETTLER, CHARLES04/14/190925013-0955706 SHELDON, ALBERT03/24/191019578-10121013 SHELDON, ARTHUR11/11/1912275269300113 SHELDON, LAURA10/29/1908155025-0825318 SHINN, CHARLES09/01/1908123050-0810262 SIMONTON, R D12/08/191080215-10164719 SIMPSON, GEORGE W11/19/1913374282365841 SIMPSON, MELVILLE11/19/1913374282365841 SKE-LEU-SA-SIN01/21/1909197601-0841813 TA-KAH-SLY-KEEN03/24/191019578-10121012 TA-LA-TOO-WIT09/01/1908123050-0810263 TEN-NE-KAM-ME06/20/1916622380534653 TILDEN, SAM10/29/1908155025-0825319 TILLIER, CECILLE12/02/1913376609368637 TILLIER, ROSA10/11/190988474-0983647 TOL YANLKT01/21/1909197987-0841817 TOLYAULKT09/01/1908118544-0810261 WAP-TOSE-NOTE05/06/1915514580471583 WAY-YOU-TE-MA-NIN, JAMES03/02/1915491042460713 WETSESTSA05/06/1915514578471581 WHITE, ALICE HOLT10/27/1913367444362319 WHITE, GUY05/20/1913329350335298 WHITMAN, SILAS09/01/1908123050-0810263 WILLIS, JACK10/30/1911184347232017 WILSON, ELIZABETH PENNEY01/02/1915477575451161 WIS...

Agreement of July 7, 1883

In the conference with chief Moses and Sar-sarp-kin, of the Columbia reservation, and Tonaskat and Lot, of the Colville reservation, had this day, the following was substantially what was asked for by the Indians: Tonasket asked for a saw and grist mill, a boarding school to be established at Bonaparte Creek to accommodate one hundred pupils (100), and a physician to reside with them, and $100. (one hundred) to himself each year. Sar-sarp-kin asked to be allowed to remain on the Columbia reservation with his people, where they now live, and to be protected in their rights as settlers, and in addition to the ground they now have under cultivation within the limit of the fifteen mile strip cut off from the northern portion of the Columbia Reservation, to be allowed to select enough more unoccupied land in Severalty to make a total to Sar-sarp-kin of four square miles, being 2,560 acres of land, and each head of a family or male adult one square mile; or to move on to the Colville Reservation, if they so desire, and in case they so remove, and relinquish all their claims to the Columbia Reservation, he is to receive one hundred (100) head of cows for himself and people, and such farming implements as may be necessary. All of which the Secretary agrees they should have, and that he will ask Congress to make an appropriation to enable him to perform. The Secretary also agrees to ask Congress to make an appropriation to enable him to purchase for Chief Moses a sufficient number of cows to furnish each one of his...

Treaty of October 17, 1855

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the council-ground on the Upper Missouri, near the mouth of the Judith River, in the Territory of Nebraska, this seventeenth day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, by and between A. Cumming and Isaac I. Stevens, commissioners duly appointed and authorized, on the part of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs, headmen, and delegates of the following nations and tribes of Indians, who occupy, for the purposes of hunting, the territory on the Upper Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers, and who have permanent homes as follows: East of the Rocky Mountains, the Blackfoot Nation, consisting of the Piegan, Blood, Blackfoot, and Gros Ventres tribes of Indians. West of the Rocky Mountains, the Flathead Nation, consisting of the Flathead, Upper Pend d’Oreille, and Kootenay tribes of Indians, and the Nez Percé tribe of Indians, the said chiefs, headmen and delegates, in behalf of and acting for said nations and tribes, and being duly authorized thereto by them. Article 1. Peace, friendship and amity shall hereafter exist between the United States and the aforesaid nations and tribes of Indians, parties to this treaty, and the same shall be perpetual. Article 2. The aforesaid nations and tribes of Indians, parties to this treaty, do hereby jointly and severally covenant that peaceful relations shall likewise be maintained among themselves in future; and that they will abstain from all hostilities whatsoever against each other, and cultivate mutual good-will and friendship. And the nations and tribes aforesaid to furthermore jointly and severally covenant, that peaceful relations shall be maintained with and...

Treaty of June 9, 1863

Articles of agreement made and concluded at the council-ground, in the valley of the Lapwai, W. T., on the ninth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, between the United States of America, by C. H. Hale, superintendent of Indian affairs, and Charles Hutchins and S. D. Howe, U. S. Indian agents for the Territory of Washington, acting on the part and in behalf of the United States, and the Nez Percé Indians, by the chiefs, head-men, and delegates of said tribe, such articles being supplementary and amendatory to the treaty made between the United States and said tribe on the 11th day of June, 1855. Article 1.The said Nez Percé tribe agree to relinquish, and do hereby relinquish, to the United States the lands heretofore reserved for the use and occupation of the said tribe, saving and excepting so much thereof as is described in Article II for a new reservation. Article 2.The United States agree to reserve for a home, and for the sole use and occupation of said tribe, the tract of land included within the following boundaries, to wit: Commencing at the northeast corner of Lake Wa-ha, and running thence, northerly, to a point on the north bank of the Clearwater River, three miles below the mouth of the Lapwai, thence down the north bank of the Clearwater to the mouth of the Hatwai Creek; thence, due north, to a point seven miles distant; thence, eastwardly, to a point on the north fork of the Clearwater, seven miles distant from its mouth; thence to a point on Oro Fino Creek, five miles above...

Treaty of August 13, 1868

Whereas certain amendments are desired by the Nez Percé tribe of Indians to their treaty concluded at the council ground in the valley of the Lapwai, in the Territory of Washington, on the ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three; and whereas the United States are willing to assent to said amendments; it is therefore agreed by and between Nathaniel G. Taylor, commissioner, on the part of the United States, thereunto duly authorized, and Lawyer, Timothy, and Jason, chiefs of said tribe, also being thereunto duly authorized, in manner and form following, that is to say: Article 1. That all lands embraced within the limits of the tract set apart for the exclusive use and benefit of said Indians by the 2d article of said treaty of June 9th, 1863, which are susceptible of cultivation and suitable for Indian farms, which are not now occupied by the United States for military purposes, or which are not required for agency or other buildings and purposes provided for by existing treaty stipulations, shall be surveyed as provided in the 3d article of said treaty of June 9th, 1863, and as soon as the allotments shall be plowed and fenced, and as soon as schools shall be established as provided by existing treaty stipulations, such Indians now residing outside the reservation as may be decided upon by the agent of the tribe and the Indians themselves, shall be removed to and located upon allotments within the reservation: Provided, however, That in case there should not be a sufficient quantity of suitable land within...

The Great War Chief Joseph of the Nez Perces, and his lieutenants, White Bird and Looking-Glass

Far in the Northwest of our country live the Chopunnish or Nez Perce Indians, a powerful tribe. Chopunnish is an Indian word, but Nez Perce is French and means pierced noses. The name comes from the fact that these Indians used to pierce their noses and wear rings in them, just as some ladies we know pierce their ears and wear fine earrings. The men of the tribe are large and tall and strong, and they are very proud and warlike. Every year they went far away, even one thousand miles, to hunt buffalo, while the women planted little patches of Indian corn and the boys rode ponies or fished for salmon in the rivers. Now and then the Nez Perce fought, as all Indians do, and their enemies were especially the Blackfeet and Snakes, but they never killed a white man. Governor Stevens, one of the first white governors, gave these Indians a large tract of land bigger than New York State, where they lived and were very happy. After a while some missionaries came to live among them and started a big school where many Indian children studied and learned the white men’s ways. Among these Indian children were two boys, the sons of a powerful chief called Old Joseph. Young Joseph and Ollicut went to the school for a short time, but while they were still very small their father became angry with another chief and moved off to Wallowa, a place far away on the Nez Perce reservation. Then the white people began to see that this country was a good place to live in,...

Biography of Rev. Henry Harmon Spalding

REV. H.H. SPALDING. – Rev. Henry Harmon Spalding was born at Prattsburg, New York, November 26, 1803. In early life he was left an orphan, and was brought up by strangers, who gave him almost no school advantages, so that at the age of twenty-one he began the rudiments of English grammar and arithmetic, could read so as to be understood and write after a copy. Having become a Christian, he united with the Presbyterian church of his native place in August, 1826; and between 1825 and 1828 he went to school so much that he was able to teach school. A part of the time he worked for his board and walked three miles to school. In 1828 he gave himself to missionary work, and entered Prattsburg Academy; and by 1831 he was able to enter the junior class – half way through – of Hamilton College, New York. On account of his poverty and the help he received from the education society, he was soon obliged to leave and go to the Western Reserve College, Ohio, from which he graduated in 1833. On October 12, 1833, he was married to Miss Eliza hart, of Trenton, new York, who was born at Berlin, Connecticut, being the daughter of Captain Levi and Martha hart, and who had been brought up in Ontario county, New York. In the fall of 1833 he entered lane Theological Seminary, where he remained two years, and in August, 1835, was ordained by the Bath Presbytery of New York, and soon after was appointed by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to the...

Treaty of 11 June 1855

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the treaty ground, Camp Stevens, in the Walla-Walla Valley, this eleventh day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, by and between Isaac I. Stevens, governor and superintendent of Indian affairs for the Territory of Washington, and Joel Palmer, superintendent of Indian affairs for Oregon Territory, on the part of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs, head-men, and delegates of the Nez Percé tribe of Indians occupying lands lying partly in Oregon and partly in Washington Territories, between the Cascade and Bitter Root Mountains, on behalf of, and acting for said tribe, and being duly authorized thereto by them, it being understood that Superintendent Isaac I. Stevens assumes to treat only with those of the above-named tribe of Indians residing within the Territory of Washington, and Superintendent Palmer with those residing exclusively in Oregon Territory. Article 1. The said Nez Percé tribe of Indians hereby cede, relinquish and convey to the United States all their right, title, and interest in and to the country occupied or claimed by them, bounded and described as follows, to wit: Commencing at the source of the Wo-na-ne-she or southern tributary of the Palouse River; thence down that river to the main Palouse; thence in a southerly direction to the Snake River, at the mouth of the Tucanon River; thence up the Tucanon to its source in the Blue Mountains; thence southerly along the ridge of the Blue Mountains; thence to a point on Grand Ronde River, midway between Grand Ronde and the mouth of the Woll-low-how River; thence along...

Ispipewhumaugh Tribe

Ispipewhumaugh Indians. One of the tribes included by the early fur traders under the term Nez Percé. They lived on Columbia River, above the mouth of Snake River, Washington. They were possibly of Shahaptian stock, but are not otherwise identifiable.

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