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The Paskagula, Moctobi, and Chozetta Indians

The Paskagula (Pascagoula) and Moctobi tribes are mentioned by Iberville1 in 1699 as living on Pascagoula river near the coast of Mississippi, associated with the Biloxi, each of the three tribes, although but few in numbers, having its own village. As the French settlement on Biloxi bay was made in that year, this date probably marks the beginning of their displacement and removal westward. We know nothing of their language, but from their intimate connection then and afterward with the Biloxi, it is very possible that they were cognate. The name of the Moctobi seems to have disappeared from the earth, as repeated personal inquiry among the Choctaw and Caddo has failed to elicit any knowledge of such a tribe. It is quite probable that the form given in Margry is a misprint or other corruption, as we find the misprint form, Pascoboula, in the same reference. The Paskagula are better remembered. The name is not their own, but was given to them by the Choctaw, and signifies “bread people,” from parka “bread” and okla “people.” It has been retained as the name of the river in Mississippi on which they formerly had their village. I found the name of this tribe still familiar to the Choctaw and Caddo, the latter of whom, having no l in their language, pronounce the word “Paskaguna.” There are none now among either of these tribes, but the Caddo have a distinct recollection of them as neighbors when they lived lower down on Red river in Texas and Louisiana. In 1784, eighty-five years after their mention by Iberville, we find them in Louisiana, still living with...

Moctobi Tribe

Moctobi Indians. A small tribe formerly residing in south Mississippi. They are mentioned by Iberville, in 1699, as living at that time on Pascagoula river, near the Gulf coast, associated with the Biloxi and Paskagula, each tribe having its own village1 . Sauvole, who was at Fort Biloxi in 1699-1700, speaks of the “villages of the Pascoboulas, Biloxi, and Moctobi, which together contain not more than 20 cabins.” Nothing is known respecting their language, nor has anything more been ascertained in regard to their history, but front their intimate relations with the Biloxi it is probable they belonged to the same (Siouan) linguistic stock. The name Moctobi appears to have disappeared from Indian memory and tradition, as repeated inquiry among the Choctaw and Caddo has tailed to elicit any knowledge of such a tribe. What seems to be a justifiable supposition, in the absence of further knowledge, is that the three or four small bands where the remnants of a larger tribe or of tribes which, while making their way south ward, and been reduced by war, pestilence, or other calamity, and had been compelled to consolidate and take refuge under the Choctaw. For Further Study The following articles and manuscripts will shed additional light on the Moctobi as both an ethnological study, and as a people. Consult Mooney, Siouan Tribes of the East, Bull. B.A.E. 1894 The Paskagula, Moctobi, and Chozetta Indians FootnotesMargry, Déc., iv, 195,...

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