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Ibitoupa Indians

Ibitoupa Tribe: Meaning probably, people “at, the source of” a stream or river. Ibitoupa Connections. No words of this language are known unless the tribal name itself is native, but from this and Le Page du Pratz’s (1758) statement that their language, unlike that of the Tunica group, was without an r, there is every reason to class it as Muskhogean and closely related to Chakchiuma, Chickasaw, and Choctaw. Ibitoupa Location. On Yazoo River in the present Holmes County, perhaps between Abyatche and Chicopa Creeks. Ibitoupa Villages. Only one village is known, and that called by the tribal name, though it is possible that the Choula, (q. v.) mentioned by La Harpe were an offshoot. Ibitoupa History. The Ibitoupa are mentioned in 1699 by Iberville, and in Coxe’s Carolana (1705). Before 1722 they had moved higher up and were 3 leagues above the Chakchiuma, who were then probably at the mouth of the Yalobusha. They probably united with the Chickasaw soon after the Natchez War, though they may first have combined with the Chakchiuma and Taposa. They were perhaps related to the people of the Choctaw towns called Ibetap okla. Ibitoupa Population. All that we know of the population of the Ibitoupa is that in 1722 it occupied 6 cabins; in the same year there are said to have been 40 Choula, a possible offshoot. Connection in which their name has become noted. It seems to have been the original of the name of Tippo Bayou,...

Ibitoupa Tribe

Ibitoupa Indians. A small tribe of unknown affinity, but the theory that they were connected with the Chickasaw has more arguments in its favor than any other. In 1699 they formed one of the villages mentioned by Iberville1 as situated on Yazoo River, Ibitoupa being near the upper end of the group between the Chaquesauma (Chakchiuma) and the Thysia (Tioux), according to the order named, which appears to be substantially correct, although Coxe2 who omits Thysia, makes the Ibitoupa settlement expressly the uppermost of the series. The Ibitoupa and Chakchiuma, together with the Tapoucha (Taposa), were united in one village on the upper Yazoo by 1798. What eventually became of them is not known, but it is probable that they were absorbed by the Chickasaw. Alternate Spellings Bitotoupa – Pénicaut (1700) in French Hist. Coll. La., n. s, I, 61, 1869. Epitoupa – Coxe, Carolana, 10, map, 1741. Ouitoupas – Pénicaut in Margery, Déc., V, 401, 1883. Outapa – Iberville (1699), ibid., IV, 1880. Outaypes – Martin, Hist. La., I, 249, 1827. Witoupo – Alcedo, Dic. Geog., V, 343, 1789 (misprint). Witowpa – Esnauts et Rapilly, map, 1777. Witowpo – Phillipeaux, map of English Col., 1781. Ybitoopas – Romans, Fla., I, 101, 1773. Ybitoupas – Baudry des Lozières, Voy. à la Louisiane, 245, 1802. For Further Study The following articles and manuscripts will shed additional light on the Ibitoupa as both an ethnological study, and as a people. Itomapa Tribe FootnotesMargery, Déc., IV, 180, 1880 ↩Coxe, Carolana, 10,...

Itomapa Tribe

Itomapa. Mentioned by Martin1 as a tribe, on the west side of the lower Mississippi, which sent a deputation to the village of the Acolapissa in 1717 to meet Bienville. Consult: Ibitoupa TribeFootnotesHist. La., i, 252,...

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