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Key to Campbell’s Abstract Index

The following index includes the names of the father and mother, as well as the name of the enrolled citizen. It is arranged alphabetically, both as to the sir and Christian names. We have been very careful in its preparation and have spent months in an effort to make it as complete and useful as possible. We do not expect that it, in connection with the Abstract, will answer all questions in every case. It will however be a very great help to those who will make a proper use of it, and use it in difficult cases in connection with in­formation received outside the record. Many of the Indians have more than one name. They have their family name, sometimes a school name, which is different and also a bust name. We have knowledge only of the names written on the Census Cards, and such names we have used in our Index, however when we could determine that different spelling of a name stood for the same person we have cross indexed. In the preparation of the enrollment records different clerks, in the office of the Dawes Commission, took testimony for the record. As the Indian names were pronounced to these clerks, the clerks on hearing the names, and hearing different pronunciations, spelled the names differently, and this dif­ferent spelling is carried on the cards, in fact, it is common for the same name to appear on the same card twice, and both times under a different spelling. Again, the same name may appear on several cards and the spelling in each case be different. We remember one...

Understanding the Final Rolls

When starting your search of the Final Rolls (Dawes Rolls) it can and will be confusing.  To make this process simpler for the researcher who visits our pages I suggest you look at the information provided on the Final Rolls like a book, Index, Content, and Bibliography. The Index tells you what and where you will find the information in the book.  In this case the name, tribe and roll number.  On our pages you will find this listed as Final Roll Index.  This search produced the following: Page Roll Surname First Blood 397 26758 Swift Frank T. Cherokee by Blood 397 26760 Swift Frank B. Jr. Cherokee by Blood From the index you now have the information you need to search the Contents of the book, Frank T. Swift, Cherokee, Roll 26758.  On our pages this is the Dawes Final Rolls.  This search produced the following: Tribe Last First Middle Age Sex Blood Card Roll Misc Type Cherokee Swift Frank B 0 M D228 P Cherokee Swift Frank B Jr 6 M 1/8 10078 26760 MUSKOGEE BB Cherokee Swift Frank B Jr 6 M 1/8 D228 MUSKOGEE D Cherokee Swift Frank R 0 M 10078 P Cherokee Swift Frank T 33 M 1/4 10078 26758 MUSKOGEE BB Cherokee Swift Frank T 33 M 1/4 D228 MUSKOGEE D Our search provided us with 2 Frank T. Swift’s, same age, degree of blood. With this information we can now check the Bibliography which in this case is the Census Card. I can’t tell you which card to order, you will have to decide that on your own.  Census Card D228...

Proving your Indian Ancestry

Research for American Indian ancestors begins just like any other search for ancestry you begin with what you know, Yourself! We have provided a useful tool to aid you in your research, Beginning Genealogy.  You have to do the basics before you can do the part you really want to do.  Working backwards does not work, believe me I have tried it! Start with a Family Group Chart and fill in the information you know.  Get your your birth certificate, look it over, it will provide all the information you need to get started and some information on your parents.  Do this for every member of your immediate family.  If you don’t have birth or death certificates for all your family, take a look at this page Vital Records it provides you with information and costs to order birth, death and marriage records. Next a Research Calendar will help keep track of every record source you have searched, when you get further into your Indian Genealogy this will be your most helpful tool. Used in conjunction to the Research Extract Form, it will give you a place to record every Roll and Indian Census Census record you have checked. A Correspondence Record is also a useful form to have around, helps you keep track of the letters you write and emails you send. There are Census forms from 1790 to 1930, I know you are saying I will never need all of those.  You will need to track the movements of your family as they moved around the country.  Until 1900 the Federal Census Records will be of little...

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