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1830 Census Guide – Questions & Information

Prior to the passage of the census act authorizing the fifth census in 1830, President Adams, in his fourth address to the U.S. Congress on December 28, 1828, suggested the census commence earlier in the year than August 1. He also proposed that the collection of age data should be extended from infancy, in intervals of 10 years, to the “utmost boundaries of life”. These changes were incorporated into the census act of March 23, 1830. As in the previous census, the enumeration was made by an actual inquiry by the marshals or assistants at every dwelling house, or, as the law stated, by “personal” inquiry of the head of every family, and began on June 1 (instead of the first Monday of August as in previous censuses.) The assistants were required to transmit their returns to the marshals of their respective districts by December 1, 1830. Marshals filed these returns and the aggregate counts for their respective districts to the Secretary of State, by February 1, 1831. However, because of delays in the compilation of the census returns, the filing date was extended to August 1, 1831. The 1830 census concerned the population only. No attempt was made to collect additional data on the Nation’s manufactures and industry. The 1830 census covered the following states: Alabama Arkansas Territory Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Territory Georgia Illinois Indiana*** Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland** Massachusetts Michigan Territory Mississippi* Missouri New Hampshire New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Tennessee Vermont Virginia *The Pike County, Mississippi schedules are missing. **The following counties in Maryland are missing...

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