Prominent Martins of America, Past Generations
The following data is extracted from The Martin Genealogy .
ALEXANDER MARTIN: senator; b. in New Jersey about 1740; after admission to bar, settled in Guilford, N. C., 1772; served as U. S. Senator, Governor of N. C., and a mem. of the convention that framed the constitution of the United States.
JAMES: bro. of Alexander; m. to N. C., 1774, being appointed Colonel-Commandant of the Guilford regiment of militia that same year. He was elected to the Legislature after the war.
BENJAMIN NICHOLAS: educator; b. Mt. Holly, N. J., 1816; grad. from Yale College, 1837, and from the divinity school, 1840; was a professor and lecturer at the University of the City of New York for thirty-one years; was a mem. of various societies for religious and social improvement.
CHARLES CYRIL: civil engineer; b. Springfield, Pa., 1831. Prior to the Civil war he was engaged in the construction of railway bridges. Later he became chief engineer of Prospect Park, Brooklyn, N. Y.; and, in May, 1883, was made chief engineer and superintendent of Brooklyn Bridge.
GEORGE: jurist; b. Middlebury, Vt., 1815; Justice of Supreme Court of Michigan, 1851—57 and 1859—65; Chief-Justice, 1857—59 and 1865—67.
HENRY AUSTIN: physician; b. London, Eng., 1824; grad. Harvard Medical School, 1845, and practiced in Boston. On his resignation as surgeon-in-chief of 2d corps, Army of the Potomac, he received the brevet rank of Lieutenant Colonel for “gallant and meritorious services”. He made many valuable contributions to the science of surgery. HENRY NEWELL: biologist; b. Newry, Ireland, 1848; studied at University College, London, where he received the degree of Doctor of Science in 1872. After holding various professorships in England, he filled the chair of biology at Johns Hopkins University, and was director of the biological laboratory there.
HOMER DODGE: artist; b. Albany, N. Y., 1836; began exhibiting at the National Academy about 1857. He moved to New York in 1862; was elected associate of the National Academy, 1868, and academician, 1875; lived in France, 1882—86, sketching and painting from nature. His works include “Evening on the Saranac” (1878).
JAMES: D.D.; clergyman; b. Albany, N. Y., 1796. While pastor of a church at Albany, N. Y., he also edited “Evangelical Repository”, 1833. In 1842 he became professor of didactic theology and Hebrew in the theological seminary at Cannonsburg. He was the author of several books, including “The Duty of Submission to Church Rulers Explained and Defended” (1841).
JAMES GREEN: soldier; b. Elizabeth City, N. C., 1819; grad. U. S. Military Academy, 1840, and assigned to artillery. As 1st lieutenant of a light battery he fought in the Mexican war, lost his right arm at Churubusco, and was later brevetted major. He was in command of various N. C. brigades during the Civil War, and won high praise for his skill in handling and disciplining his men.
JAMES STEWART: soldier; b. Scott Co., Va., 1826. He entered the National Army as Colonel of an Illinois regiment in 1862, and served during entire war, taking part in all important battles of the Atlanta campaign and the march to the sea. He was promoted to the brevet rank of brigadier-general in 1865. After returning to Illinois, he had a distinguished public career, culminating in his election to Congress in 1872.
JOHN: Governor of Georgia; b. about 1730; served in Revolutionary war, being promoted to rank of lieutenant-colonel in 1781. In that year he was elected to the Legislature from Chatham Co.; in 1782 was made Governor; and in 1783, state treasurer. He was commissioned to make a treaty with the Creek Indians, January, 1783.
JOHN ALEXANDER: Governor of Kansas; b. Brownsville, Pa., 1839; held various public offices in Kansas before 1861. He took part in the principal engagements of the Army of the Cumberland, commanding a brigade at Chickamauga, and was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers for his services during the war. He was elected Governor of Kansas, 1884, and was re-elected.
JOHN HILL: lawyer; b. Phila., 1823. After admission to the Philadelphia bar, in 1851 he became legal editor of the Phila. Intelligencer, an insurance journal. He wrote, among other books, “The Bench and Bar” (1883).
JOSEPH HAMILTON: clergyman; b. Jefferson Co., Tenn., 1825; after laboring two years as a missionary among sailors at New Orleans, he was installed as pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Huntsville, Ala., 1848, after which he preached in several states. He was the author of many Sunday-school songs. JOSHUA LANIER: Governor of Alabama; b. Blount Co., Tenn., 1799. A short time after his admission to the bar of Alabama he took high rank in his profession. He served in the Legislature and in Congress; and was elected Governor of the State.
JOHN MASON (s. of Joshua Lanier): jurist; b. Athens, Ala., 1837; admitted to the bar and practiced law at Tuscaloosa, Ala.; served four years in Confederate Army. He was elected State Senator, re-elected, chosen president pro tem., and, from 1885 to 1887 served as a member of Congress.
JOSIAH: Colonial Governor; b. probably in Antigua, W. I., 1737; became an ensign in the British army in 1756, and had risen to rank of Lt.-Col. in 1771, when he was appointed royal Governor of N. C. In 1775 he dissolved the Assembly and began to enlist a loyalist force, but was attacked by the colonists and compelled to flee to a British ship for refuge. Subsequently, when Cornwallis entered N. C., after his victory at Camden, Martin accompanied him but his health was destroyed by fatigues of the campaign.
LUTHER: lawyer; b. New Brunswick, N. J., 1748. After a brilliant career as a lawyer, he served as Chief Judge of the court of oyer and terminer in Baltimore, 1814—16; and in 1818 was a second time appointed Attorney-General of Maryland. In 1822 passed an act unparalleled in American history requiring every lawyer in the state to pay annually a license fee of $5, the entire proceeds to be paid over to trustees “for the use of Luther Martin”.
MARGARET MAXWELL: author; b. Dumfries, Scotland, 1807; came to U.S., 1815, with her parents who settled in Columbia, S. C., where she m. Rev. Win. Martin, and for seventeen years taught in a female seminary there. She was the author of several books, including “Heroines of Early Methodism” (1858).
ROBERT NIC0L5: jurist; b. Cambridge, Md., 1798. He served as a Member of Congress, Judge of the Superior Court of Baltimore (1859—67), and professor in the law school of the University of Maryland.
THOMAS MOWER: Canadian artist; was one of the founders of the Ontario Art Union, the Ontario Society of Artists, and Royal Canadian Academy; established and was director of Ontario School of Art. He contributed to the exhibitions of the American Water-Color Society and the National Academy of Design.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER PARSONS: missionary; b. Livonia, Ind., 1827; acted as interpreter for Win. B. Reed, U. S. minister, in negotiating treaty of 1858 with China, and later accompanied his successor, John E. Ward, to Peking and to Yeddo, Japan. In 1869 he became president of Tong Weng College at Peking. He acted as the adviser of Chinese officials on questions when disputes arose with European powers.
WILLIAM DOBBIN: jurist; b. Martintown, S. C., 1789; practiced law in Edgefieid until 1813, when he removed to Coosawhatchie. He and a friend, Jas. L. Pettigen, divided all leading lower Carolina cases (except in Charleston) and were accustomed to examine their cases together out of court. He served in the House of Representative, U. S. Senate and in Congress. When chosen Circuit Judge be removed to Columbia.
Source: The Martin Genealogy