Wellman, Samuel Thomas; mechanical engineer; born, Wareham, Mass., Feb. 5, 1847; son of Samuel K, and Mary L. Besse Wellman; educated, Norwich University, Vermont, B. S. and C. E. (hon.); married, Stoneham, Mass., Sept. 3, 1868, Julia A. Ballard; issue, Mina Bessie, Aug. 11, 1870, Addle Lena, June 1, 1872, Wm. S., Nov. 1, 1874, Holley G., May 19, 1881, Frederick S., Dec. 8, 1887; served as corporal Co. F, 1st New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, 18641865; built first open hearth furnace in United States to make steel commercially, Bay State Works, Boston, 1870; engineer and supt. Otis Steel Co., 18731889, building it from the ground up; organized Wellman, Seaver Engineering Co., 1896, now Wellman, Seaver, Morgan inventor of the open hearth charging machine, and of the application of the lifting magnet to the handling of iron and steel, both of these inventions in use in every important steel mill in the world, saving millions of dollars a year; 19001901, pres. of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; chairman of directors of The Wellman, Seaver, Morgan Co.; pres. Wellman Bronze Co.; director Daw Chemical Co., and The Caxton Building Co.; member American Society Mechanical Engineers, American Institute of Mining Engineers, American Iron and Steel Institute, American Electric Chemical Society; belongs to Union and Rowfant Clubs.