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Military History of Croydon NH

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Revolutionary War

The sympathies of the first settlers of Croydon were early enlisted in the Revolutionary struggle. Soon after the Battle of Lexington, they sent Eleazer Leland and Abner Brigham to join the Provincial army; enrolled a company of twelve minute-men; raised eight pounds to purchase a town supply of ammunition, and chose Moses Whipple, Stephen Powers, Phineas Sanger, Abner Brigham and Joseph Hall a "committee of safety." In 1777 nine men from Croydon joined a company of militia, commanded by Captain Solomon Chase, of Cornish, and marched to Ticonderoga. Eight men joined the company of Captain Hardy, of Hanover, and united with the forces of General Stark, at Charlestown. Captain Moses Whipple, with a company composed partly of men from Cornish, "turned out" to stop the progress of Burgoyne. Croydon maintained its interest and contributed its full share of men and means until the close of the war.

   The following is an imperfect list of those citizens who served in the Revolutionary War:

 

Bazaleel Barton Stephen Powers
Benjamin Barton Urias Powers
Abner Brigham David Powers
Cornel Chase Samuel Powers
John Cooper, Jr. David Putnam
Joel Cooper Caleb Putnam
Sherman Cooper Jacob Hall
Ezra Cooper Benjamin Sherman
Benjamin Cutting Ezekiel Rooks
John Druce Daniel Rooks
Amos Dwinnell David Stockwell
Enoch Emerson Phineas Sanger
Timothy Fisher John Sanger
Ezra Hall Isaac Sanger
Daniel Emerson Robert Spencer
Edward Hall, Jr. Benjamin Swinnerton
Amos Hagar Benjamin Thompson
Bazaleel Gleason Greshorn Ward
Jonas Cutting Aaron Warren
James How Moses Warren
Abijah Hall Moses Whipple
James Hall Thomas Whipple
Joseph Hall Aaron Whipple
Samuel R. Hall Isaac Woolson
Eleazer Leland Nathaniel Wheeler
Rufus King Samuel Whipple
Rufus Kempton Seth Wheeler
Phineas Newton

War of 1812

The following is an incomplete list of the citizens of Croydon who served in the War of 1812.

 

Major, Abijah Powers Ensign, Amasa Hall
Private, Nathaniel Wheeler Private, Samuel Powers
Private, Charles Cutting Private, Elijah Darling
Private, Levi Winter Private, Sibley Melendy
Private, Isaac Cooper Private, Abijah Dunbar
Private, Tyler Walker

The Rebellion

The following is an imperfect list of those citizens who served in the Union Army during the Rebellion:

Chaplains Robert Stinson, Anthony C. Hardy; Captains John W. Putnam, E. Darwin Comings; Lieutenants Paine Durkee, Albert Miner, (wounded at Fair Oaks); Sergeants Oscar D. Allen, (wounded at Antietam, killed at Gettsyburg), Lloyd D. Forehand, (wounded at Fair Oaks), John Blanchard, (wounded), Hiram K. Darling, William D. Angell, (died in the service); Corporals George E. Frye, (killed at Chancellosville), Alvah K. Davis, Henry H. Haynes, Irving D. Tobie, Ephraim Plympton; Privates Alonzo Allen, (wounded at Fair Oaks), Thomas Ames, (died in service), George Angell Jr., Sanford T. Barton, (wounded at Fair Oaks), Henry Barton, (killed in battle), Frederick J. Burge, William Bushy, Charles Baggatt, Charles L. Bryant, Rufus W. Clark, Alonzo C. Crooker, John Cabner, James P. Darling, (wounded), Warren K. Darling, Walter P. Darling, George S. Davis, (died), Robert Dinsmore, Leroy Forehand, Stephen G. Ford, George H. Goodhue, Jeremiah Haynes, Charles C. Howard, (wounded), Franklin J. Hersey, (killed at Fair Oaks), Philip Harding, (killed at second battle of Bull Run), Edward Hall, Hiram C. Hall, Charles N. Harridon, Herman Jacobs, Ambrose Jerome, Charles K. Jackson, (died), John A. Johnson, W. Wallace Kidder, Thomas Mack, Abraham Nutting, Elias F. Powers, (died at Poolesville, MD., February 17, 1863), Charles S. Partridge, Theodore H. Payne, Nathan Peyton, Isaac P. Rawson, George H. Ross, Albert F. Robbins, John Riley, Henry H. Stockwell, (killed at Fair Oaks), John G. Stockwell, (died at Harper’s Ferry), Henry H. Squires, Charles L. Stockwell, (mortally wounded), George N. Smith, George Tasker, Austin L. Whipple, (died in service), Emile Warren, (died at Andersonville Prison).

A few of the above were substitutes, and not actual citizens of the town. Twenty-five of them enlisted in the early part of the war, and received but ten dollars bounty. They were all volunteers. The highest bounty paid by the town was one hundred dollars per year. No citizen of Croydon is known to have deserted from the army during the war. Many of them re-enlisted and served until the close of hostilities.

The following are a few of the many natives of Croydon who enlisted from other places during the war:

Chaplain Joseph Sargent, (died in the service); Surgeons Ira W. Bragg, (naval surgeon, died in the service), Sherman Cooper, David C. Powers, Marshall Perkins, Willard O. Hurd, Willard C. Kempton; Captain Walter Forehand; Liutenant Edward Dow; Shapr-Shooter Sergeant Walter P. Blanchard; Privates Leonard Barton, (mortally wounded in battle), Peter Barton, Hiram E.W. Barton, Edward W. Collins, (wounded at first Bull Run battle), David R. Eastman, Marshall P. Hurd, (killed at Antietam), Henry Humphrey, (died in the service), Orren Marsh, Simeon Partridge, Dexter Stewart, Stephen M. Thornton, John Thornton, George H. Thornton, (died in the service), Horace P. Hall.

Croydon has furnished to the militia of the State the following officers:

Maj.-Gen. N. Emery

Colonels

 

Jarvis Adams Calvin Kempton
Otis Cooper Samuel Powers
Freeman Dunbar Nathan Wheeler, Jr.
Daniel R. Hall Moses Whipple

Majors

 

Abijah Powers Lemuel P. Cooper
Peter Stow

The Croydon Light Infantry, and subsequently the Rifle Company, with their tasty uniforms and equipments and fine drill, were for many years a source of pride to the town.


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