Wisconsin Indian Tribes
This tribe pushed its way west in
the latter part of the seventeenth century as far as the territory lying within
the present State of Wisconsin, and the trading post established by the French
at La Pointe became an important Chippewa base. Early in the eighteenth century
they are said to have driven the Foxes out of northern Wisconsin, and they have
continued to occupy that part of the State until the present time, having two
reservations there. (See Minnesota.)
In very early times the Dakota
occupied a little of the northwestern margin of Wisconsin. (See South Dakota.)
A name thought to have been derived from that of the Fox clan and to have
been applied to the tribe through a misunderstanding. See
At one time Illinois Indians
probably occupied some of the southern and southwestern sections of Wisconsin.
A rather pronounced tradition
points to the Winnebago as the mother tribe of the Iowa, Oto, and Missouri, and
the latter are supposed to have stopped at certain places within the State of
Wisconsin during their migration to the southwest. (See Iowa.)
The Iroquois anciently played an
important part in the aboriginal history of the Indian
tribes of Wisconsin, usually as enemies. In very late
times the Oneida were given a reservation here where
their descendants still live. (See New York.)
From Kiwegapaw`, "he stands about," "he moves about, standing now here,
now there." See Kickapoo
A name applied at times to the
Prairie band of the Potawatomi, but more often to the Peoria band of Illinois
who, in early days, lived with or near the Kickapoo.
Meaning "Wild Rice Men," because
they lived largely upon the wild rice of the lakes in and near their country.
Hence the French "Nation de la Folle Avoine," and English "Wild
Rice Men." See
This tribe, or at least portions
of it, lived in southern Wisconsin when it was first known to French explorers
and missionaries but later it moved south entirely out of the State. (See
Some Munsee moved into Wisconsin
with the Stockbridges.
This tribe may have been related to the Menominee or Chippewa. At times it
probably overlapped the northeastern border of Wisconsin. (See
Some Ottawa lived in Wisconsin
temporarily after they had been driven from their old homes by the Iroquois.
They part settled first on the islands at the mouth of Green Bay, a a Bay of
them lived later upon Black River and at Chequnegon Bay
before returning to their old country. (See
When first encountered by the
French the Potawatomi were on the islands at the mouth of Green Bay. Later they
pushed down the coast of Lake Michigan to Milwaukee River and thence to Chicago
after which they drew further south into Illinois, Indiana, and southern
meaning "people of the outlet, or people of the yellow earth."
See Sauk Location
This name was given to a body of
Indians most of whom belonged to the Housatonic and other tribes of the Mahican
group, who in 1833 were placed upon a reserve in the neighborhood of Green Bay,
along with the Oneida Indians and some Munsee. In 1856 all but a few who desired
to become citizens removed to a reservation west of Shawano, Shawano County,
Wis., where they still live. (See
Remnants of this tribe were in Wisconsin as part of the Wyandot.
Signifying in the Fox and the
Sauk languages "people of the filthy water," for which reason they were
sometimes known to the French as Puants and to the English as Stinkards. See
After being driven
out of Ontario by the Iroquois, part of the Wyandot, along with some
Ottawa, went to Michilimackinac and from there to Green Bay, after which
they lived successively at several different points within the boundaries
of the present State of Wisconsin until they finally removed to Detroit.
Notes About the Book:
Source: The Indian Tribes of North America, by John R. Swanton, 1953, Bureau of
American Ethnology, Bulletin 145, US Government Printing Office, Washington DC.
Online Publication: The manuscript was scanned and then ocr'd. Minimal editing
has been done, and readers can and should expect some errors in the textual