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Treaty of September 26, 1833

Articles of a treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians of the other part, being fully represented by the Chiefs and Head-men whose names are hereunto subscribed—which Treaty is in the following words, to wit:

ARTICLE 1. The said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, cede to the United States all their land, along the western shore of Lake Michigan, and between this Lake and the land ceded to the United States by the Winnebago nation, at the treaty of Fort Armstrong made on the 15th September 1832—bounded on the north by the country lately ceded by the Menominees, and on the south by the country ceded at the treaty of Prairie du Chien made on the 29th July 1829—supposed to contain about five millions of acres.

ARTICLE 2. In part consideration of the above cession it is hereby agreed, that the United States shall grant to the said United Nation of Indians to be held as other Indian lands are held which have lately been assigned to emigrating Indians, a tract of country west of the Mississippi river, to be assigned to them by the President of the United States—to be not less in quantity than five millions of acres, and to be located as follows: beginning at the mouth of Boyer’s river on the east side of the Missouri river, thence down the said river to the mouth of Naudoway river, thence due east to the west line of the State of Missouri, thence along the said State line to the northwest corner of the State, thence east along the said State line to the point where it is intersected by the western boundary line of the Sacs and Foxes— thence north along the said line of the Sacs and Foxes, so far as that when a straight line shall be run therefrom to the mouth of Boyer’s river (the place of beginning) it shall include five millions of acres. And as it is the wish of the Government of the United States that the said nation of Indians should remove to the country thus assigned to them as soon as conveniently can be done; and it is deemed advisable on the part of their Chiefs and Headmen that a deputation should visit the said country west of the Mississippi and thus be assured that full justice has been done, it is hereby stipulated that the United States will defray the expenses of such deputation, to consist of not more than fifty persons, to be accompanied by not more than five individuals to be nominated by themselves, and the whole to be under the general direction of such officer of the United States Government as has been or shall be designated for the purpose.—And it is further agreed that as fast as the said Indians shall be prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence while upon the journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes.—It being understood, that the said Indians are to remove from all that part of the land now ceded, which is within the State of Illinois, immediately on the ratification of this treaty, but to be permitted to retain possession of the country north of the boundary line of the said State, for the term of three years, without molestation or interruption and under the protection of the laws of the United States.

ARTICLE 3. And in further consideration of the above cession, it is agreed, that there shall be paid by the United States the sums of money hereinafter mentioned: to wit.

One hundred thousand dollars to satisfy sundry individuals, in behalf of whom reservations were asked, which the Commissioners refused to grant: and also to indemnify the Chippewa tribe who are parties to this treaty for certain lands along the shore of Lake Michigan, to which they make claim, which have been ceded to the United States by the Menominee Indians—the manner in which the same is to be paid is set forth in Schedule “A” hereunto annexed.

One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to satisfy the claims made against the said United Nation which they have here admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid, according to Schedule “B” hereunto annexed.

One hundred thousand dollars to be paid in goods and provisions, a part to be delivered on the signing of this treaty and the residue during the ensuing year.

Two hundred and eighty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of fourteen thousand dollars a year, for twenty years.

One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to be applied to the erection of mills, farm houses, Indian houses and blacksmith shops, to agricultural improvements, to the purchase of agricultural implements and stock, and for the support of such physicians, millers, farmers, blacksmiths and other mechanics, as the President of the United States shall think proper to appoint.

Seventy thousand dollars for purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, to be applied in such manner, as the President of the United States may direct.—[The wish of the Indians being expressed to the Commissioners as follows: The united nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians being desirous to create a perpetual fund for the purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, wish to invest the sum of seventy thousand dollars in some safe stock, the interest of which only is to be applied as may be necessary for the above purposes. They therefore request the President of the United States, to make such investment for the nation as he may think best. If however, at any time hereafter, the said nation shall have made such advancement in civilization and have become so enlightened as in the opinion of the President and Senate of the United States they shall be capable of managing so large a fund with safety they may withdraw the whole or any part of it.]

Four hundred dollars a year to be paid to Billy Caldwell, and three hundred dollars a year, to be paid to Alexander Robinson, for life, in addition to the annuities already granted them—Two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Joseph Lafromboise and two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Shabehnay, for life.

Two thousand dollars to be paid to Wau-pon-eh-see and his band, and fifteen hundred dollars to Awn-kote and his band, as the consideration for nine sections of land, granted to them by the 3d Article of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of the 29th of July 1829 which are hereby assigned and surrendered to the United States.

ARTICLE 4. A just proportion of the annuity money, secured as well by former treaties as the present, shall be paid west of the Mississippi to such portion of the nation as shall have removed thither during the ensuing three years.—After which time, the whole amount of the annuities shall be paid at their location west of the Mississippi.

ARTICLE 5. [Stricken out.]

This treaty after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.

G. B. Porter
Th. J. V. Owen
William Weatherford
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark
Sau-ko-noek
Che-che-bin-quay, his x mark
Joseph, his x mark
Wah-mix-i-co, his x mark
Ob-wa-qua-unk, his x mark
N-saw-way-quet, his x mark
Puk-quech-a-min-nee, his x mark
Nah-che-wine, his x mark
Ke-wase, his x mark
Wah-bou-seh, his x mark
Mang-e-sett, his x mark
Caw-we-saut, his x mark
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark
Pat-e-go-shuc, his x mark
E-to-wow-cote, his x mark
Shim-e-nah, his x mark
O-chee-pwaise, his x mark
Ce-nah-ge-win, his x mark
Shaw-waw-nas-see, his x mark
Shab-eh-nay, his x mark
Mac-a-ta-o-shic, his x mark
Squah-ke-zic, his x mark
Mah-che-o-tah-way, his x mark
Cha-ke-te-ah, his x mark
Me-am-ese, his x mark
Shay-tee, his x mark
Kee-new, his x mark
Ne-bay-noc-scum, his x mark
Naw-bay-caw, his x mark
O’Kee-mase, his x mark
Saw-o-tup, his x mark
Me-tai-way, his x mark
Na-ma-ta-way-shuc, his x mark
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark
Nah-che-wah, his x mark
Sho-bon-nier, his x mark
Me-nuk-quet, his x mark
Chis-in-ke-bah, his x mark
Mix-e-maung, his x mark
Nah-bwait, his x mark
Sen-e-bau-um, his x mark
Puk-won, his x mark
Wa-be-no-say, his x mark
Mon-tou-ish, his x mark
No-nee, his x mark
Mas-quat, his x mark
Sho-min, his x mark
Ah-take, his x mark
He-me-nah-wah, his x mark
Che-pec-co-quah, his x mark
Mis-quab-o-no-quah, his x mark
Wah-be-Kai, his x mark
Ma-ca-ta-ke-shic, his x mark
Sho-min, (2d.) his x mark
She-mah-gah, his x mark
O’ke-mah-wah-ba-see, his x mark
Na-mash, his x mark
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark
Ah-cah-o-mah, his x mark
Quah-quah, tah, his x mark
Ah-sag-a-mish-cum, his x mark
Pa-mob-a-mee, his x mark
Nay-o-say, his x mark
Ce-tah-quah, his x mark
Ce-ku-tay, his x mark
Sauk-ee, his x mark
Ah-quee-wee, his x mark
Ta-cau-ko, his x mark
Me-shim-e-nah, his x mark
Wah-sus-kuk, his x mark
Pe-nay-o-cat, his x mark
Pay-maw-suc, his x mark
Pe-she-ka, his x mark
Shaw-we-mon-e-tay, his x mark
Ah-be-nab, his x mark
Sau-sau-quas-see, his x mark

In presence of:
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to commission
E. A. Brush
Luther Rice, interpreter
James Conner, interpreter
John T. Schermerhorn, commissioner, etc. west
A. C. Pepper, S. A. R. P.
Gho. Kercheval, sub-agent
Geo. Bender, major, Fifth Regiment Infantry
D. Wilcox, captain, Fifth Regiment
J. M. Baxley, captain, Fifth Infantry
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army
L. T. Jamison, lieutenant, U. S. Army
E. K. Smith, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry
P. Maxwell, assistant surgeon
J. Allen, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry
I. P. Simonton, lieutenant, U. S. Army
George F. Turner, assistant surgeon, U. S.Army
Richd. J. Hamilton
Robert Stuart
Jona. McCarty
Daniel Jackson, of New York,
Jno. H. Kinzie
Robt. A. Kinzie
G. S. Hubbard
J. C. Schwarz, adjutant general M. M.
Jn. B. Beaubrier
James Kinzie
Jacob Beeson
Saml. Humes Porter
Andw. Porter
Gabriel Godfroy
A. H. Arndt
Laurie Marsh
Joseph Chaunier
John Watkins
B. B. Kercheval
Jas. W. Berry
Wm. French
Thomas Forsyth
Pierre Menard, Fils
Edmd. Roberts
Geo. Hunt
Isaac Nash

 

SCHEDULE “A.”

 

(Referred to in the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals in lieu of Reservations.)

NameDollars
Jesse Walker1500
Henry Cleveland800
Rachel Hall600
Sylvia Hall600
Joseph Laframboise and children1000
Victoire Porthier and her children700
Jean Bt. Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee300
Jane Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee300
Rosetta Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee300
Thomas Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee300
Alexander Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee800
Paschal Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee800
Margaret Muller200
Socra Muller200
Angelique Chevalier200
Josette Chevallier200
Joseph Chevalier400
Fanny Leclare (Captain David Hunter, Trustee)400
Daniel Bourassa’s children600
Nancy Contraman, J. B Campbell is Trustee600
Sally Contraman, J. B Campbell is Trustee600
Betsey Contraman, J. B Campbell is Trustee600
Alexis Laframboise800
Alexis Laframbois’ children1200
Mrs. Mann’s children600
Mrs. Mann (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet)400
Geo. Turkey’s children (Fourtier) Th. J. V. Owen Trustee500
Jacques Chapeau’s children, Th. J. V. Owen Trustee600
Antonie Roscum’s children750
Francois Burbonnais’ Senrs. children400
Francis Burbonnais’Jnr. children300
John Bt. Cloutier’s children, (Robert A. Kinsie Trustee)600
Claude Lafromboise’s children300
Antoine Ouilmet’s children200
Josette Ouilmot (John H. Kinzie, Trustee)200
Mrs. Welsh (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet)200
Alexander Robinson’s children400
Billy Caldwell’s children600
Mo-ah-way200
Medare B. Beaubien300
Charles H. Beaubien300
John K. Clark’s Indian children, (Richard J. Hamilton, Trustee)400
Josette Juno and her children1000
Angelique Juno300
Josette Beaubien’s children1000
Mah-go-que’s child (James Kinzie, Trustee)300
Esther, Rosene and Eleanor Bailly500
Sophia, Hortense and Therese Bailly1000
Rosa and Mary children of Hoo-mo-ni-gah wife of Stephen Mack600
Jean Bt. Rabbu’s children400
Francis Chevallier’s children800
Mrs. Nancy Jamison and child800
Co-pah, son of Archange250
Martha Burnett (R. A. Forsyth, Trustee)1000
Isadore Chabert’s child (G. S. Hubbard Trustee)400
Chee-bee-quai or Mrs. Allen500
Luther Rice and children2500
John Jones1000
Pierre Corbonno’s Children800
Pierre Chalipeaux’s children1000
Phoebe Treat and children1000
Robert Forsyth of St. Louis Mo500
Alexander Robinson5000
Billy Caldwell5000
Joseph Laframboise3000
Nis noan see (B. B. Kercheval Trustee)200
Margaret Hall1000
James, William, David and Sarah children of Margaret Hall3200
Margaret Ellen Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee800
Montgomery Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee800
Finly Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee800
Jean Letendre’s children200
Bernard Grignon100
Josette Polier100
Joseph Vieux,100
Jacques Vieux100
Louis Vieux100
Josette Vieux100
Angelique Hardwick’s children1800
Joseph Bourassa and Mark Bourassa200
Jude Bourassa and Therese Bourassa200
Stephen Bourassa and Gabriel Bourassa200
Alexander Bourassa and James Bourassa200
Elai Bourassa and Jerome Bourassa200
M. D. Bourassa100
Ann Rice and her Son William M. Rice and Nephew John Leib1000
Agate Biddle and her children900
Magdaline Laframboise and her son400
Therese Schandler200
Joseph Daily’s son and daughter Robert and Therese500
Therese Lawe and George Lawe200
David Lawe and Rachel Lawe200
Rebecca Lawe and Maria Lawe200
Polly Lawe and Jane Lawe200
Appotone Lawe100
Angelique Vieux and Amable Vieux200
Andre Vieux and Nicholas Vieux200
Pierre Vieux and Maria Vieux200
Madaline Thibeault100
Paul Vieux and Joseph Vieux200
Susanne Vieux100
Louis Grignon and his son Paul200
Paul Grignon Sen’r. and Amable Grignon200
Perish and Robert Grignon200
Catist Grignon and Elizabeth Grignon200
Ursal Grignon and Charlotte Grignon200
Louise Grignon and Rachel Grignon200
Agate Porlier and George Grignon200
Amable Grignon and Emily Grignon200
Therese Grignon and Simon Grignon200
William Burnett (B. B. Kercheval Trustee)1000
Shan-na-nees400
Josette Beaubien500
For the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Students at the Choctaw Academy. The Hon. R. M. Johnson to be the Trustee.5000
James and Richard J. Connor700
Pierre Duverney and Children300
Joshua Boyd’s Children (Geo. Boyd Esq to be the Trustee.)500
Joseph Bailly4000
R. A. Forsyth3000
Gabriel Godfroy2420
Thomas R. Covill1300
George Hunt750
James Kinzie5000
Joseph Chaunier550
John and Mark Noble180
Alexis Provansalle100
One hundred thousand dollars $100,000

 

SCHEDULE “B.”

 

(Referred to in the treaty containing the sums payable to individuals, on claims admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid.) [See Second Amendment, at end of this treaty.]

NameDollars
Brewster Hogan & Co.343
John S. C. Hogan50
Frederick H. Contraman200
Brookfield & Bertrand100
R. E. Heacock100
George W. McClure, U. S. A.125
David McKee180
Oliver Emmell300
George Hollenbeck100
Martha Gray78
Charles Taylor187
Joseph Naper71
John Mann200
James Walker200
John Blackstone100
Harris & McCord175
George W. Dole133
George Haverhill60
William Whistler, U. S. A.1000
Squire Thompson100
C. C. Trowbridge2000
Louis Druillard350
Abraham Francis25
D. R. Bearss & Co250
Dr. E. Winslow150
Nicholas Klinger77
Joseph Porthier200
Clark Hollenbeck50
Henry Enslen75
Robert A. Kinzie1216
Joseph Ogie200
Thomas Hartzell400
Calvin Britain46
Benjamin Fry400
Pierre F. Navarre100
C. H. Chapman30
James Kinzie300
G. S. Hubbard125
Jacque Jenveaux150
John B. Du Charme55
John Wright15
James Galloway200
William Marquis150
Louis Chevalier, Adm’r of J. B. Chevalier dec’d112
Solomon McCullough100
Joseph Curtis50
Edward E. Hunter90
Rachel Legg25
Peter Lamseet100
Robert Beresford200
G. W. & W. Laird150
M. B. Beaubien440
Jeduthan Smith60
Edmund Weed100
Philip Maxwell, U. S. A.35
Henry Gratiot116
Tyler K. Blodgett50
Nehemiah King125
S. P. Brady188
James Harrington68
Samuel Ellice50
Peter Menard, Maumee500
John W. Anderson350
David Bailey50
Wm. G. Knaggs100
John Hively150
John B. Bertrand, Sen’r50
Robert A. Forsyth3000
Maria Kercheval3000
Alice Hunt3000
Jane C. Forsyth3000
John H. Kinzie5000
Ellen M. Wolcott5000
Maria Hunter5000
Robert A. Kinzie5000
Samuel Godfroy120
John E. Schwarz4800
Joseph Loranger5000
H. B. and G. W. Hoffman358
Phelps & Wendell660
Henry Johns270
Benjamin C. Hoyt20
John H. Kinzie, in trust for the heirs of Jos. Miranda, dec’d250
Francis Burbonnais, Senr500
Francis Burbonnais, junr200
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for Catherine McKenzie1000
James Laird50
Montgomery Evans250
Joseph Bertrand, jr300
George Hunt900
Benjamin Sherman150
W. and F. Brewster, Assignees of Joseph Bertrand, Senr700
John Forsyth, in trust for the heirs of Charles Peltier, dec’d900
William Hazard30
James Shirley125
Jacob Platter25
John B. Bourie2500
B. B. Kercheval1500
Charles Lucier75
Mark Beaubien500
Catharine Stewart82
Francis Mouton200
Dr. William Brown40
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for heirs of Charles Guion200
Joseph Bertrand, Senr652
Moses Rice800
James Connor2250
John B. Du Charme250
Coquillard & Comparet5000
Richard J. Hamilton500
Adolphus Chapin80
John Dixon140
Wm. Huff81
Stephen Mack, in trust for the heirs of Stephen Mack, dec’d500
Thomas Forsyth1500
Felix Fontaine200
Jacque Mette200
Francis Boucher250
Margaret Helm2000
O. P. Lacy1000
Henry and Richard J. Connor1500
James W. Craig50
R. A. Forsyth (Maumee)1300
Antoine Peltier (Maumee)200
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for Wau-se-on-o-quet300
John E. Hunt1450
Payne C. Parker70
Isaac Hull1000
Foreman Evans32
Horatio N. Curtis300
Ica Rice250
Thomas P. Quick35
George B. Woodcox60
John Woodcox40
George B. Knaggs1400
Ebenezer Read100
George Pomeroy150
Thomas K. Green70
William Mieure, in trust for Willis Fellows500
Z. Cicott1800
John Johnson100
Antoine Antilla100
John Baldwin500
Isaac G. Bailey100
James Cowen35
Joseph D. Lane50
T. E. Phelps250
Edmund Roberts50
Augustus Bona60
E. C. Winter & Co1850
Charles W. Ewing200
Antoine Ouilmett800
John Bt. Chandonai, ($1000 of this sum to be paid to Robert Stuart, agent of American Fur Company, by the particular request of Jno. B. Chandonai,)2500
Lowrin Marsh3290
P. & J. J. Godfroy2000
David Hull500
Andrew Drouillard500
Jacob Beeson & Co220
Jacob Beeson900
John Anderson600
John Green100
James B. Campbell600
Pierre Menard, Jun. in right of G. W. Campbell250
George E. Walker1000
Joseph Thebault50
Gideon Lowe, U. S. A.160
Pierre Menard, Jun2000
John Tharp45
Pierre Menard, Junr. in trust for Marie Tremblê500
Henry B. Stillman300
John Hamblin500
Francois Pagê100
George Brooks20
Franklin McMillan100
Lorance Shellhouse30
Martin G. Shellhouse35
Peter Bellair150
Joseph Morass200
John I. Wendell2000
A. T. Hatch300
Stephen Downing100
Samuel Miller100
Moses Hardwick75
Margaret May400
Frances Felix1100
John B. Bourie500
Harriet Ewing500
Nancy Hedges500
David Bourie500
Caroline Ferry500
Bowrie & Minie500
Charles Minie600
Francis Minie700
David Bourie150
Henry Ossum Reed200
Françoise Bezion2500
Dominique Rousseau500
Hanna & Taylor1570
John P. Hedges1000
Francoise Chobare1000
Isadore Chobare600
Jacob Leephart700
Amos Amsden400
Nicholas Boilvin350
Archibald Clyburn200
William Conner (Michigan)70
Tunis S. Wendall500
Noel Vasseur800
James Abbott, agent of the American Fur Company2300
Robert Stewart, agent of the American Fur Company17000
Solomon Jeauneau2100
John Bt. Beaubien250
Stephen Mack, Jnr350
John Lawe3000
Alexis Larose1000
Daniel Whitney1350
P. & A. Grignon650
Louis Grignon2000
Jacques Vieux2000
Laframboise & Bourassa1300
Heirs of N. Boilvin, deceased1000
John K. Clark400
William G. & G. W. Ewing5000
Rufus Hitchcock400
Reed and Coons200
B. H. Laughton1000
Rufus Downing500
Charles Reed200
One hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars $175,000

The above claims have been admitted and directed to be paid, only in case they be accepted in full of all claims and demands up to the present date.

G. B. Porter
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford.

Sept. 27, 1833

Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the 3d Article of the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, goods, provisions and horses to the amount of sixty-five thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, thirty-five thousand dollars.)

As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid under the direction of the said Commissioners, and that the whole of the same have been received by the said Indians, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, and the undersigned Chiefs and Head-men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
Jo-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
We-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ke-ne-aw, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Saw-ko-nosh,
Tshee-Tshee-chin-be-quay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Shab-e-nai, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
E-to-won-cote, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Wah-be-me-mee, his mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
We-in-co, his x mark,

In presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
Madn. F. Abbott,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Andw. Porter,
Joseph Bertrand, junr.
Jno. H. Kinzie,
James Conner, interpreter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general, M. M.

 

September 27, 1833

Supplementary Articles

 

Articles supplementary, to the treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 26th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, of the other part, concluded at the same place on the twenty-seventh day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between the said Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the Chiefs and Head-men of the said United Nation of Indians, residing upon the reservations of land situated in the Territory of Michigan, south of Grand river, of the other part.

ARTICLE 1. The said chiefs and head-men cede to the United States, all their land situate in the Territory of Michigan south of Grand river being the reservation at Notawasepe of 4 miles square contained in the 3d clause of the 2d article of the treaty made at Chicago, on the 29th day of August 1821, and the ninety-nine sections of land contained in the treaty made at St. Joseph on the 19th day of Sept. 1827;—and also the tract of land on St. Joseph river opposite the town of Niles, and extending to the line of the State of Indiana, on which the villages of To-pe-ne-bee and Pokagon are situated, supposed to contain about 49 sections.

ARTICLE 2. In consideration of the above cession, it is hereby agreed that the said chiefs and head-men and their immediate tribes shall be considered as parties to the said treaty to which this is supplementary, and be entitled to participate in all the provisions therein contained, as a part of the United Nation; and further, that there shall be paid by the United States, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars: to be applied as follows.

Ten thousand dollars in addition to the general fund of one hundred thousand dollars, contained in the said treaty to satisfy sundry individuals in behalf of whom reservations were asked which the Commissioners refused to grant;—the manner in which the same is to be paid being set forth in the schedule “A,” hereunto annexed.

Twenty-five thousand dollars in addition to the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars contained in the said Treaty, to satisfy the claims made against all composing the United Nation of Indians, which they have admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid according to Schedule “B,” to the Treaty annexed.

Twenty-five thousand dollars, to be paid in goods, provisions and horses, in addition to the one hundred thousand dollars contained in the Treaty.

And forty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of two thousand dollars a year for twenty years, in addition to the two hundred and eighty thousand dollars inserted in the Treaty, and divided into payments of fourteen thousand dollars a year.

ARTICLE 3. All the Indians residing on the said reservations in Michigan shall remove therefrom within three years from this date, during which time they shall not be disturbed in their possession, nor in hunting upon the lands as heretofore. In the mean time no interruption shall be offered to the survey and sale of the same by the United States. In case, however, the said Indians shall sooner remove the Government may take immediate possession thereof.

ARTICLE 4. [Stricken out. See 4th Amendment at end of treaty.]

These supplementary articles after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States shall be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
We-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark,
Po-ka-gon, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Pe-pe-ah, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark,
Kitchee-bau, his x mark,
Pee-chee-ko, his x mark,
Nai-gaw-geucke, his x mark,
Wag-maw-kan-so, his x mark,
Mai-go-sai, his x mark,
Nai-chee-wai, his x mark,
Aks-puck-sick, his x mark,
Kaw-kai-mai, his x mark,
Mans-kai-sick, his x mark,
Pam-ko-wuck, his x mark,
No-taw-gai, his x mark,
Kauk-muck-kisin, his x mark,
Wee-see-mon, his x mark,
Mo-so-ben-net, his x mark,
Kee-o-kum, his x mark,
Maatch-kee, his x mark,
Kaw-bai-me-sai, his x mark,
Wees-ke-qua-tap, his x mark,
Ship-she-wuh-no, his x mark,
Wah-co-mah-o-pe-tuk, his x mark,
Ne-so-wah-quet, his x mark,
Shay-o-no, his x mark,
Ash-o-nees, his x mark,
Mix-i-nee, his x mark,
Ne-wah-ox-sec, his x mark,
Sauk-e-mau, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,
Mo-rah, his x mark,
Suk-see, his x mark,
Quesh-a-wase, his x mark,
Pat-e-go-to, his x mark,
Mash-ke-oh-see, his x mark,
Mo-nase, his x mark,
Wab-e-kaie, his x mark,
Shay-oh-new, his x mark,
Mo-gua-go, his x mark,
Pe-qua-shuc, his x mark,
A-muwa-noc-sey, his x mark,
Kau-ke-che-ke-to, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,

In presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
E. A. Brush,
Luther Rice, interpreter,
James Conner, interpreter,
Joseph Bertrand, jr., interpreter,
Geo. Kercheval, sub Indian agent,
J. L. Thompson, lieutenant Fifth Infantry,
J. Allen, lieutenant Fifth Infantry.
P. Maxwell, assistant surgeon U. S. Army,
Geo. F. Turner, assistant surgeon U. S. Army,
B. B. Kercheval,
Thomas Forsyth,
Daniel Jackson, of New York,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general M. M.
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. S. Hubbard,
Geo. Bender, major Fifth Regiment Infantry,
D. Wilcox, captain Fifth Regiment,
J. M. Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
L. T. Jamison, lieutenant U. S. Army,
O. K. Smith, lieutenant Fifth Infantry,
L. M. Taylor,
Pierre Menard, fils,
Jacob Beeson.
Samuel Humes Porter,
Edmd. Roberts,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Jas. W. Berry,
Gabriel Godfroy, jr.
Geo. Hunt,
A. H. Arndt,
Andw. Porter,
Isaac Nash,
Richard J. Hamilton.

 

SCHEDULE “A”

 

Referred to in the Article supplementary to the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals, in lieu of Reservations of Land.

NameDollars
Po-ka-gon2000
Rebecca Burnett, Edward Brooks Trustee500
Mary Burnett, Edward Brooks Trustee250
Martha Burnett (R. A. Forsyth Trustee)250
Madaline Bertrand200
Joseph Bertrand Junr200
Luke Bertrand Junr200
Benjamin Bertrand200
Lawrence Bertrand200
Theresa Bertrand200
Amable Bertrand200
Julianne Bertrand200
Joseph H. Bertrand100
Mary M. Bertrand100
M. L. Bertrand100
John B. Du Charme200
Elizabeth Du Charme (R. A. Forsyth Trustee)800
George Henderson400
Mary Nado and children400
John Bt. Chandonai1000
Charles Chandonai, R. A. Forsyth is Trustee400
Mary Chandonai, R. A. Forsyth is Trustee400
Mary St. Comb and children300
Sa-gen-nais’ daughter200
Me-chain, daughter of Pe-che-co200
Alexis Rolan200
Polly Neighbush200
Francois Page’s wife and children200
Pierre F. Navarre’s children100
Jarmont (half breed)100
Ten thousand dollars $10,000

September 27, 1833

Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the Articles supplementary to the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, Goods, Provisions and Horses to the amount of fifteen thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied hereafter ten thousand dollars.)

As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid, under the direction of the said commissioners, and that the whole of the same been received by the said Indians, and the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
Wee-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-be-tuk, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Saw-Ka-Nosh, his x mark,
Tshee-tshee-chin-ke-bequay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Shab-e-nai, his x mark,
Ah-be-to-ke-Zhic, his x mark,
E-to-wau-coto, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Wah-be-me-mee, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
We-in-co, his x mark,

In presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
John H. Kinzie,
Madn. F. Abbott,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Joseph Bertrand, junr.
Andw. Porter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general M. M.
James Conner, interpreter.

On behalf of the Chiefs and Head men of the United Nation of Indians who signed the treaty to which these articles are supplementary we hereby, in evidence of our concurrence therein, become parties thereto.

And, as since the signing of the treaty a part of the band residing on the reservations in the Territory of Michigan, have requested, on account of their religious creed, permission to remove to the northern part of the peninsula of Michigan, it is agreed that in case of such removal the just proportion of all annuities payable to them under former treaties and that arising from the sale of the reservation on which they now reside shall be paid to them at, L’arbre, Croche

Witness our hands, the said day and year.
Saw-ka-nosh, his x mark,
Che-ohe-bin-quay, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
Shab-e-nay, his x mark,
O-cheep-pwaise, his x mark,
Maug-e-sett, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
Ke-me-nah-wah, his x mark,

In the presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Robert Stuart,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
Saml. Humes Porter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-genera. M. M.
James Conner, interpreter.

The Commissioners certify that when these supplementary articles were ready for signature, the original paper of which the annexed is a copy was presented by Messrs. Peter and James J. Godfroy, and the due execution of it was made satisfactorily appear to the Commissioners, the subscribing witnesses R A Forsyth and Robert A Kinzie being present.—The Chiefs and Head men present recognizing this as a reservation, it was agreed that it shall be considered in the same light as though the purport of the instrument had been inserted in the body of the treaty;—with the understanding that the rejection of it by the President and Senate of the United States shall not affect the validity of the treaty.

G. B. PORTER,
TH. J. V. OWEN,
WILLIAM WEATHERFORD.

May 18, 1830.

Know all men by these presents that we the undersigned Chiefs and Young men of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians living at Na-to-wa-se-pe in the territory of Michigan, for and in consideration of the friendship and sundry services rendered to us by Peter and James J. Godfroy we do hereby by these presents give, grant, alien, transfer and convey unto the said Godfroys their heirs and assigns forever one entire section of land situate lying and being on our reserve of Na-to-wa-se-pe, in the Territory aforesaid to be located by said Godfroys wherever on said reserve they shall think it more to their advantage and benefit.

It is moreover the wishes of the undersigned Chiefs and Young men as aforesaid, that so soon as there shall be a treaty held between the United States and our said tribe of Pottawatamies, that our great father the President confirm and make good this our grant unto them, the said Godfroys by issuing a patent therefor to them and to their heirs forever.—In so doing our great father will accomplish the wishes of his children.

Done at Detroit, this eighteenth day of May, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and thirty.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed, sealed, and set our hands and seals, the day and year last above written.

Penenchese, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pit-goit-ke-se, his x mark, [L. S.]
Nah-o-te-nan, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ke-a-sac-wa, his x mark, [L. S.]
Sko-paw-ka, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ce-ce-baw, his x mark, [L. S.]
Na-wa-po-to, his x mark, [L. S.]
To-ta-gas, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pierre Morin, alias Perish, his x mark, [L. S.]
We-say-gah, his x mark, [L. S.]

Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us

R. A. Forsyth,
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. Godfroy,

Witnesses to the signature of Pierre Morin, alias Perish, and Wa-say-gah.

Richard Godfroy,
Francis Mouton.

Chicago, Illinois, Oct. 1, 1834.
THO. J. V. OWEN, Esqr.
U. S. Indian Agent.
Oct. 1, 1834.

FATHER: Feeling a disposition to comply with the resolution of Senate of the United States, and the views of the Government in relation to an alteration in the boundaries of the country ceded to the United nation of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Indians at the treaty at Chicago in the State of Illinois, concluded on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833:—we therefore propose as the chiefs of the said united nation, and for and on their behalf that we will accept of the following alteration in the boundaries of the said tract of country viz:—Beginning at the mouth of Boyer’s river; thence down the Missouri river, to a point thereon; from which a due east line would strike the northwest corner of the State of Missouri; thence along the said east line, to the northwest corner of said State; then along the northern boundary line of the said State of Missouri, till it strikes the line of the lands of the Sac and Fox Indians; thence northwardly along said line to a point from which a west line would strike the sources of the Little Sioux river; thence along said west line, till it strikes the said sources of said river; then down said river to its mouth; thence down the Missouri river to the place of beginning: Provided the said boundary shall contain five million of acres; but should it contain more, then said boundaries are to be reduced so as to contain the said five millions of acres.

And, in consideration of the alteration of said boundary we ask that ten thousand dollars should be paid to such commissioner, as shall be designated by us to receive the same west of the Mississippi river, at such place on the tract of country ceded to the said united nation as we may designate, and to be applied, as we may direct for the use and benefit of the said nation. And the further sum of two thousand dollars to be paid to Gholson Kercheval, of Chicago, Ill.: for services rendered the said united nation of Indians during the late war, between the U. S. Government and the Sacs and Foxes; and the further sum of one thousand dollars to George E. Walker for services rendered the said United nation, in bringing Indian prisoners, from west of the Mississippi river to Ottawa, Lasalle county, Ill. for whose appearance at the circuit court of said county, the said nation was bound.

The foregoing propositions are made with the expectation, that with the exception of the alteration in the proposed boundary, and the indemnity herein demanded as an equivalent for said exchange, the whole of the treaty made and concluded at this place on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833, be ratified as made and concluded at that time, within the space of five months from the present date; otherwise it is our wish that the whole of the said treaty should be considered as cancelled.

In witness whereof, we, the undersigned chiefs of the said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Pattawatamie Indians, being specially delegated with power and authority to effect this negotiation, have hereto set our hands and seals, at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October, A. D. 1834.

R. Caldwell, [L. S.]
Kee-tshee-zhing-ee-beh, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tshee-tshee-beeng-guay, his x mark, [L. S.]
Joseph, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ob-ee-tah-kee-zhik, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wau-bon-see, his x mark, [L. S.]
Kay-kot-ee-mo, his x mark, [L. S.]

In presence of
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Jno. H. Kenzie,
Dr. P. Maxwell, U. S. Army,
J. Grant, jr.,
E. M. Owen,
J. M. Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry.

[NOTE.—This Treaty and Supplementary Articles thereto, were ratified and confirmed, upon the conditions expressed in the two resolutions of the Senate in relation to the same; which conditions as contained in the first named resolution, are as follows:

“That the Senate do advise and consent to the ratification of the Treaty, made on the 26th day of September 1833, at Chicago, by George B. Porter and others, Commissioners on behalf of the United States, and the United Nation of Chippewas, Ottawas, and Pottawatamies Indians, and the supplementary articles thereto, dated on the 27th day of September, 1833, with the following amendments and provisions, to wit, 1st: amend the third article in Schedule A, by striking out the word “ten” and inserting the word five as to each of the sums to be paid to Billy Caldwell and Alexander Robinson; so that the sum of five thousand dollars only will be paid to each of them, and the sum of ten thousand dollars, thus deducted, to be paid to the Indians.—2d. All the debts, mentioned in schedule B, in the same article, and which are specified in exhibit E, to the report of the committee, to be examined by a commissioner to be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the individuals to be paid only the sums found by said commissioner, to have been justly due; in no instance increasing the sum agreed to be paid; and whatever sum is saved by deduction or disallowance of the debts in exhibit E, to be paid to the Indians, and the residue to the claimants respectively. 3d. Strike out article 5th in the Treaty. 4th. Strike out article 4th in the supplementary articles: and provided, that the lands given to the said Indians, in exchange, in place of being bounded in the manner described in the treaty be so changed, that the first line shall begin at the mouth of Boyer’s river, and run down the river Missouri to a point thereon from which a line running due east will strike the northwestern corner of the State of Missouri; from that point due east till it strikes said northwest corner; then, along the northern boundary line of said State, till it strikes the line of the land belonging to the Fox and Sac Indians; hence northwardly, so far as to make to the Indians full compensation for the quantity of land which will be thus taken from them on the southwestern part of the tract allowed them by the boundaries as at present described in the treaty; and provided, further, that this alteration of boundaries can be effected with the consent of the Indians. Also the said commissioner shall examine whether three thousand dollars, a part of the sum of seventeen thousand dollars directed to be paid to Robert Stuart agent of the American Fur Company, was to be paid and received in full discharge of all claims and demands which said company had against Gurdon S. Hubbard and James Kinzie; and if he finds it was to be so paid, that then the sum of fourteen thousand dollars, only, be paid, until said agent of said company give a receipt of all debts due, and demands which said company had against said Hubbard and Kinzie; and, upon giving such receipt, that then the said sum of three thousands dollars be likewise paid to said agent.”

And those contained in the second named resolution are as follows:
“That the Senate do advise and consent to the alteration proposed by the Chiefs of the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottawa and Pottawattamie Indians, concluded at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October 1834, to the treaty concluded between the commissioners on the part of the United States and the chiefs of the said United Nation on the 26th of September, 1833:— it being expressly understood by the Senate that no other of the provisions of the resolution of the Senate of the 22d day of May 1834, ratifying the said treaty, shall be affected, or in any manner changed, by the said proposed alteration of 1st October, 1834, excepting the proposed alteration in the boundaries therein mentioned, and the sums of money therein stipulated to be paid.”]