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Treaty of September 26, 1833

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Articles of a treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians of the other part, being fully represented by the Chiefs and Head-men whose names are hereunto subscribed—which Treaty is in the following words, to wit:

ARTICLE 1. The said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, cede to the United States all their land, along the western shore of Lake Michigan, and between this Lake and the land ceded to the United States by the Winnebago nation, at the treaty of Fort Armstrong made on the 15th September 1832—bounded on the north by the country lately ceded by the Menominees, and on the south by the country ceded at the treaty of Prairie du Chien made on the 29th July 1829—supposed to contain about five millions of acres.

ARTICLE 2. In part consideration of the above cession it is hereby agreed, that the United States shall grant to the said United Nation of Indians to be held as other Indian lands are held which have lately been assigned to emigrating Indians, a tract of country west of the Mississippi river, to be assigned to them by the President of the United States—to be not less in quantity than five millions of acres, and to be located as follows: beginning at the mouth of Boyer’s river on the east side of the Missouri river, thence down the said river to the mouth of Naudoway river, thence due east to the west line of the State of Missouri, thence along the said State line to the northwest corner of the State, thence east along the said State line to the point where it is intersected by the western boundary line of the Sacs and Foxes— thence north along the said line of the Sacs and Foxes, so far as that when a straight line shall be run therefrom to the mouth of Boyer’s river (the place of beginning) it shall include five millions of acres. And as it is the wish of the Government of the United States that the said nation of Indians should remove to the country thus assigned to them as soon as conveniently can be done; and it is deemed advisable on the part of their Chiefs and Headmen that a deputation should visit the said country west of the Mississippi and thus be assured that full justice has been done, it is hereby stipulated that the United States will defray the expenses of such deputation, to consist of not more than fifty persons, to be accompanied by not more than five individuals to be nominated by themselves, and the whole to be under the general direction of such officer of the United States Government as has been or shall be designated for the purpose.—And it is further agreed that as fast as the said Indians shall be prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence while upon the journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes.—It being understood, that the said Indians are to remove from all that part of the land now ceded, which is within the State of Illinois, immediately on the ratification of this treaty, but to be permitted to retain possession of the country north of the boundary line of the said State, for the term of three years, without molestation or interruption and under the protection of the laws of the United States.

ARTICLE 3. And in further consideration of the above cession, it is agreed, that there shall be paid by the United States the sums of money hereinafter mentioned: to wit.

One hundred thousand dollars to satisfy sundry individuals, in behalf of whom reservations were asked, which the Commissioners refused to grant: and also to indemnify the Chippewa tribe who are parties to this treaty for certain lands along the shore of Lake Michigan, to which they make claim, which have been ceded to the United States by the Menominee Indians—the manner in which the same is to be paid is set forth in Schedule “A” hereunto annexed.

One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to satisfy the claims made against the said United Nation which they have here admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid, according to Schedule “B” hereunto annexed.

One hundred thousand dollars to be paid in goods and provisions, a part to be delivered on the signing of this treaty and the residue during the ensuing year.

Two hundred and eighty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of fourteen thousand dollars a year, for twenty years.

One hundred and fifty thousand dollars to be applied to the erection of mills, farm houses, Indian houses and blacksmith shops, to agricultural improvements, to the purchase of agricultural implements and stock, and for the support of such physicians, millers, farmers, blacksmiths and other mechanics, as the President of the United States shall think proper to appoint.

Seventy thousand dollars for purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, to be applied in such manner, as the President of the United States may direct.—[The wish of the Indians being expressed to the Commissioners as follows: The united nation of Chippewa, Ottowa and Potawatamie Indians being desirous to create a perpetual fund for the purposes of education and the encouragement of the domestic arts, wish to invest the sum of seventy thousand dollars in some safe stock, the interest of which only is to be applied as may be necessary for the above purposes. They therefore request the President of the United States, to make such investment for the nation as he may think best. If however, at any time hereafter, the said nation shall have made such advancement in civilization and have become so enlightened as in the opinion of the President and Senate of the United States they shall be capable of managing so large a fund with safety they may withdraw the whole or any part of it.]

Four hundred dollars a year to be paid to Billy Caldwell, and three hundred dollars a year, to be paid to Alexander Robinson, for life, in addition to the annuities already granted them—Two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Joseph Lafromboise and two hundred dollars a year to be paid to Shabehnay, for life.

Two thousand dollars to be paid to Wau-pon-eh-see and his band, and fifteen hundred dollars to Awn-kote and his band, as the consideration for nine sections of land, granted to them by the 3d Article of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of the 29th of July 1829 which are hereby assigned and surrendered to the United States.

ARTICLE 4. A just proportion of the annuity money, secured as well by former treaties as the present, shall be paid west of the Mississippi to such portion of the nation as shall have removed thither during the ensuing three years.—After which time, the whole amount of the annuities shall be paid at their location west of the Mississippi.

ARTICLE 5. [Stricken out.]

This treaty after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.

G. B. Porter
Th. J. V. Owen
William Weatherford
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark
Sau-ko-noek
Che-che-bin-quay, his x mark
Joseph, his x mark
Wah-mix-i-co, his x mark
Ob-wa-qua-unk, his x mark
N-saw-way-quet, his x mark
Puk-quech-a-min-nee, his x mark
Nah-che-wine, his x mark
Ke-wase, his x mark
Wah-bou-seh, his x mark
Mang-e-sett, his x mark
Caw-we-saut, his x mark
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark
Pat-e-go-shuc, his x mark
E-to-wow-cote, his x mark
Shim-e-nah, his x mark
O-chee-pwaise, his x mark
Ce-nah-ge-win, his x mark
Shaw-waw-nas-see, his x mark
Shab-eh-nay, his x mark
Mac-a-ta-o-shic, his x mark
Squah-ke-zic, his x mark
Mah-che-o-tah-way, his x mark
Cha-ke-te-ah, his x mark
Me-am-ese, his x mark
Shay-tee, his x mark
Kee-new, his x mark
Ne-bay-noc-scum, his x mark
Naw-bay-caw, his x mark
O’Kee-mase, his x mark
Saw-o-tup, his x mark
Me-tai-way, his x mark
Na-ma-ta-way-shuc, his x mark
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark
Nah-che-wah, his x mark
Sho-bon-nier, his x mark
Me-nuk-quet, his x mark
Chis-in-ke-bah, his x mark
Mix-e-maung, his x mark
Nah-bwait, his x mark
Sen-e-bau-um, his x mark
Puk-won, his x mark
Wa-be-no-say, his x mark
Mon-tou-ish, his x mark
No-nee, his x mark
Mas-quat, his x mark
Sho-min, his x mark
Ah-take, his x mark
He-me-nah-wah, his x mark
Che-pec-co-quah, his x mark
Mis-quab-o-no-quah, his x mark
Wah-be-Kai, his x mark
Ma-ca-ta-ke-shic, his x mark
Sho-min, (2d.) his x mark
She-mah-gah, his x mark
O’ke-mah-wah-ba-see, his x mark
Na-mash, his x mark
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark
Ah-cah-o-mah, his x mark
Quah-quah, tah, his x mark
Ah-sag-a-mish-cum, his x mark
Pa-mob-a-mee, his x mark
Nay-o-say, his x mark
Ce-tah-quah, his x mark
Ce-ku-tay, his x mark
Sauk-ee, his x mark
Ah-quee-wee, his x mark
Ta-cau-ko, his x mark
Me-shim-e-nah, his x mark
Wah-sus-kuk, his x mark
Pe-nay-o-cat, his x mark
Pay-maw-suc, his x mark
Pe-she-ka, his x mark
Shaw-we-mon-e-tay, his x mark
Ah-be-nab, his x mark
Sau-sau-quas-see, his x mark

In presence of:
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to commission
E. A. Brush
Luther Rice, interpreter
James Conner, interpreter
John T. Schermerhorn, commissioner, etc. west
A. C. Pepper, S. A. R. P.
Gho. Kercheval, sub-agent
Geo. Bender, major, Fifth Regiment Infantry
D. Wilcox, captain, Fifth Regiment
J. M. Baxley, captain, Fifth Infantry
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army
L. T. Jamison, lieutenant, U. S. Army
E. K. Smith, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry
P. Maxwell, assistant surgeon
J. Allen, lieutenant, Fifth Infantry
I. P. Simonton, lieutenant, U. S. Army
George F. Turner, assistant surgeon, U. S.Army
Richd. J. Hamilton
Robert Stuart
Jona. McCarty
Daniel Jackson, of New York,
Jno. H. Kinzie
Robt. A. Kinzie
G. S. Hubbard
J. C. Schwarz, adjutant general M. M.
Jn. B. Beaubrier
James Kinzie
Jacob Beeson
Saml. Humes Porter
Andw. Porter
Gabriel Godfroy
A. H. Arndt
Laurie Marsh
Joseph Chaunier
John Watkins
B. B. Kercheval
Jas. W. Berry
Wm. French
Thomas Forsyth
Pierre Menard, Fils
Edmd. Roberts
Geo. Hunt
Isaac Nash

 

SCHEDULE “A.”

 

(Referred to in the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals in lieu of Reservations.)

Name Dollars
Jesse Walker 1500
Henry Cleveland 800
Rachel Hall 600
Sylvia Hall 600
Joseph Laframboise and children 1000
Victoire Porthier and her children 700
Jean Bt. Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee 300
Jane Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee 300
Rosetta Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee 300
Thomas Miranda, John H. Kinzie is Trustee 300
Alexander Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee 800
Paschal Muller, Gholson Kercheval, trustee 800
Margaret Muller 200
Socra Muller 200
Angelique Chevalier 200
Josette Chevallier 200
Joseph Chevalier 400
Fanny Leclare (Captain David Hunter, Trustee) 400
Daniel Bourassa’s children 600
Nancy Contraman, J. B Campbell is Trustee 600
Sally Contraman, J. B Campbell is Trustee 600
Betsey Contraman, J. B Campbell is Trustee 600
Alexis Laframboise 800
Alexis Laframbois’ children 1200
Mrs. Mann’s children 600
Mrs. Mann (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet) 400
Geo. Turkey’s children (Fourtier) Th. J. V. Owen Trustee 500
Jacques Chapeau’s children, Th. J. V. Owen Trustee 600
Antonie Roscum’s children 750
Francois Burbonnais’ Senrs. children 400
Francis Burbonnais’Jnr. children 300
John Bt. Cloutier’s children, (Robert A. Kinsie Trustee) 600
Claude Lafromboise’s children 300
Antoine Ouilmet’s children 200
Josette Ouilmot (John H. Kinzie, Trustee) 200
Mrs. Welsh (daughter of Antoine Ouilmet) 200
Alexander Robinson’s children 400
Billy Caldwell’s children 600
Mo-ah-way 200
Medare B. Beaubien 300
Charles H. Beaubien 300
John K. Clark’s Indian children, (Richard J. Hamilton, Trustee) 400
Josette Juno and her children 1000
Angelique Juno 300
Josette Beaubien’s children 1000
Mah-go-que’s child (James Kinzie, Trustee) 300
Esther, Rosene and Eleanor Bailly 500
Sophia, Hortense and Therese Bailly 1000
Rosa and Mary children of Hoo-mo-ni-gah wife of Stephen Mack 600
Jean Bt. Rabbu’s children 400
Francis Chevallier’s children 800
Mrs. Nancy Jamison and child 800
Co-pah, son of Archange 250
Martha Burnett (R. A. Forsyth, Trustee) 1000
Isadore Chabert’s child (G. S. Hubbard Trustee) 400
Chee-bee-quai or Mrs. Allen 500
Luther Rice and children 2500
John Jones 1000
Pierre Corbonno’s Children 800
Pierre Chalipeaux’s children 1000
Phoebe Treat and children 1000
Robert Forsyth of St. Louis Mo 500
Alexander Robinson 5000
Billy Caldwell 5000
Joseph Laframboise 3000
Nis noan see (B. B. Kercheval Trustee) 200
Margaret Hall 1000
James, William, David and Sarah children of Margaret Hall 3200
Margaret Ellen Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee 800
Montgomery Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee 800
Finly Miller, grandchildren of Margaret Hall, for each of whom Richard J. Hamilton of Chicago is Trustee 800
Jean Letendre’s children 200
Bernard Grignon 100
Josette Polier 100
Joseph Vieux, 100
Jacques Vieux 100
Louis Vieux 100
Josette Vieux 100
Angelique Hardwick’s children 1800
Joseph Bourassa and Mark Bourassa 200
Jude Bourassa and Therese Bourassa 200
Stephen Bourassa and Gabriel Bourassa 200
Alexander Bourassa and James Bourassa 200
Elai Bourassa and Jerome Bourassa 200
M. D. Bourassa 100
Ann Rice and her Son William M. Rice and Nephew John Leib 1000
Agate Biddle and her children 900
Magdaline Laframboise and her son 400
Therese Schandler 200
Joseph Daily’s son and daughter Robert and Therese 500
Therese Lawe and George Lawe 200
David Lawe and Rachel Lawe 200
Rebecca Lawe and Maria Lawe 200
Polly Lawe and Jane Lawe 200
Appotone Lawe 100
Angelique Vieux and Amable Vieux 200
Andre Vieux and Nicholas Vieux 200
Pierre Vieux and Maria Vieux 200
Madaline Thibeault 100
Paul Vieux and Joseph Vieux 200
Susanne Vieux 100
Louis Grignon and his son Paul 200
Paul Grignon Sen’r. and Amable Grignon 200
Perish and Robert Grignon 200
Catist Grignon and Elizabeth Grignon 200
Ursal Grignon and Charlotte Grignon 200
Louise Grignon and Rachel Grignon 200
Agate Porlier and George Grignon 200
Amable Grignon and Emily Grignon 200
Therese Grignon and Simon Grignon 200
William Burnett (B. B. Kercheval Trustee) 1000
Shan-na-nees 400
Josette Beaubien 500
For the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Students at the Choctaw Academy. The Hon. R. M. Johnson to be the Trustee. 5000
James and Richard J. Connor 700
Pierre Duverney and Children 300
Joshua Boyd’s Children (Geo. Boyd Esq to be the Trustee.) 500
Joseph Bailly 4000
R. A. Forsyth 3000
Gabriel Godfroy 2420
Thomas R. Covill 1300
George Hunt 750
James Kinzie 5000
Joseph Chaunier 550
John and Mark Noble 180
Alexis Provansalle 100
One hundred thousand dollars $100,000

 

SCHEDULE “B.”

 

(Referred to in the treaty containing the sums payable to individuals, on claims admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid.) [See Second Amendment, at end of this treaty.]

Name Dollars
Brewster Hogan & Co. 343
John S. C. Hogan 50
Frederick H. Contraman 200
Brookfield & Bertrand 100
R. E. Heacock 100
George W. McClure, U. S. A. 125
David McKee 180
Oliver Emmell 300
George Hollenbeck 100
Martha Gray 78
Charles Taylor 187
Joseph Naper 71
John Mann 200
James Walker 200
John Blackstone 100
Harris & McCord 175
George W. Dole 133
George Haverhill 60
William Whistler, U. S. A. 1000
Squire Thompson 100
C. C. Trowbridge 2000
Louis Druillard 350
Abraham Francis 25
D. R. Bearss & Co 250
Dr. E. Winslow 150
Nicholas Klinger 77
Joseph Porthier 200
Clark Hollenbeck 50
Henry Enslen 75
Robert A. Kinzie 1216
Joseph Ogie 200
Thomas Hartzell 400
Calvin Britain 46
Benjamin Fry 400
Pierre F. Navarre 100
C. H. Chapman 30
James Kinzie 300
G. S. Hubbard 125
Jacque Jenveaux 150
John B. Du Charme 55
John Wright 15
James Galloway 200
William Marquis 150
Louis Chevalier, Adm’r of J. B. Chevalier dec’d 112
Solomon McCullough 100
Joseph Curtis 50
Edward E. Hunter 90
Rachel Legg 25
Peter Lamseet 100
Robert Beresford 200
G. W. & W. Laird 150
M. B. Beaubien 440
Jeduthan Smith 60
Edmund Weed 100
Philip Maxwell, U. S. A. 35
Henry Gratiot 116
Tyler K. Blodgett 50
Nehemiah King 125
S. P. Brady 188
James Harrington 68
Samuel Ellice 50
Peter Menard, Maumee 500
John W. Anderson 350
David Bailey 50
Wm. G. Knaggs 100
John Hively 150
John B. Bertrand, Sen’r 50
Robert A. Forsyth 3000
Maria Kercheval 3000
Alice Hunt 3000
Jane C. Forsyth 3000
John H. Kinzie 5000
Ellen M. Wolcott 5000
Maria Hunter 5000
Robert A. Kinzie 5000
Samuel Godfroy 120
John E. Schwarz 4800
Joseph Loranger 5000
H. B. and G. W. Hoffman 358
Phelps & Wendell 660
Henry Johns 270
Benjamin C. Hoyt 20
John H. Kinzie, in trust for the heirs of Jos. Miranda, dec’d 250
Francis Burbonnais, Senr 500
Francis Burbonnais, junr 200
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for Catherine McKenzie 1000
James Laird 50
Montgomery Evans 250
Joseph Bertrand, jr 300
George Hunt 900
Benjamin Sherman 150
W. and F. Brewster, Assignees of Joseph Bertrand, Senr 700
John Forsyth, in trust for the heirs of Charles Peltier, dec’d 900
William Hazard 30
James Shirley 125
Jacob Platter 25
John B. Bourie 2500
B. B. Kercheval 1500
Charles Lucier 75
Mark Beaubien 500
Catharine Stewart 82
Francis Mouton 200
Dr. William Brown 40
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for heirs of Charles Guion 200
Joseph Bertrand, Senr 652
Moses Rice 800
James Connor 2250
John B. Du Charme 250
Coquillard & Comparet 5000
Richard J. Hamilton 500
Adolphus Chapin 80
John Dixon 140
Wm. Huff 81
Stephen Mack, in trust for the heirs of Stephen Mack, dec’d 500
Thomas Forsyth 1500
Felix Fontaine 200
Jacque Mette 200
Francis Boucher 250
Margaret Helm 2000
O. P. Lacy 1000
Henry and Richard J. Connor 1500
James W. Craig 50
R. A. Forsyth (Maumee) 1300
Antoine Peltier (Maumee) 200
R. A. Forsyth, in trust for Wau-se-on-o-quet 300
John E. Hunt 1450
Payne C. Parker 70
Isaac Hull 1000
Foreman Evans 32
Horatio N. Curtis 300
Ica Rice 250
Thomas P. Quick 35
George B. Woodcox 60
John Woodcox 40
George B. Knaggs 1400
Ebenezer Read 100
George Pomeroy 150
Thomas K. Green 70
William Mieure, in trust for Willis Fellows 500
Z. Cicott 1800
John Johnson 100
Antoine Antilla 100
John Baldwin 500
Isaac G. Bailey 100
James Cowen 35
Joseph D. Lane 50
T. E. Phelps 250
Edmund Roberts 50
Augustus Bona 60
E. C. Winter & Co 1850
Charles W. Ewing 200
Antoine Ouilmett 800
John Bt. Chandonai, ($1000 of this sum to be paid to Robert Stuart, agent of American Fur Company, by the particular request of Jno. B. Chandonai,) 2500
Lowrin Marsh 3290
P. & J. J. Godfroy 2000
David Hull 500
Andrew Drouillard 500
Jacob Beeson & Co 220
Jacob Beeson 900
John Anderson 600
John Green 100
James B. Campbell 600
Pierre Menard, Jun. in right of G. W. Campbell 250
George E. Walker 1000
Joseph Thebault 50
Gideon Lowe, U. S. A. 160
Pierre Menard, Jun 2000
John Tharp 45
Pierre Menard, Junr. in trust for Marie Tremblê 500
Henry B. Stillman 300
John Hamblin 500
Francois Pagê 100
George Brooks 20
Franklin McMillan 100
Lorance Shellhouse 30
Martin G. Shellhouse 35
Peter Bellair 150
Joseph Morass 200
John I. Wendell 2000
A. T. Hatch 300
Stephen Downing 100
Samuel Miller 100
Moses Hardwick 75
Margaret May 400
Frances Felix 1100
John B. Bourie 500
Harriet Ewing 500
Nancy Hedges 500
David Bourie 500
Caroline Ferry 500
Bowrie & Minie 500
Charles Minie 600
Francis Minie 700
David Bourie 150
Henry Ossum Reed 200
Françoise Bezion 2500
Dominique Rousseau 500
Hanna & Taylor 1570
John P. Hedges 1000
Francoise Chobare 1000
Isadore Chobare 600
Jacob Leephart 700
Amos Amsden 400
Nicholas Boilvin 350
Archibald Clyburn 200
William Conner (Michigan) 70
Tunis S. Wendall 500
Noel Vasseur 800
James Abbott, agent of the American Fur Company 2300
Robert Stewart, agent of the American Fur Company 17000
Solomon Jeauneau 2100
John Bt. Beaubien 250
Stephen Mack, Jnr 350
John Lawe 3000
Alexis Larose 1000
Daniel Whitney 1350
P. & A. Grignon 650
Louis Grignon 2000
Jacques Vieux 2000
Laframboise & Bourassa 1300
Heirs of N. Boilvin, deceased 1000
John K. Clark 400
William G. & G. W. Ewing 5000
Rufus Hitchcock 400
Reed and Coons 200
B. H. Laughton 1000
Rufus Downing 500
Charles Reed 200
One hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars $175,000

The above claims have been admitted and directed to be paid, only in case they be accepted in full of all claims and demands up to the present date.

G. B. Porter
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford.

Sept. 27, 1833

Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the 3d Article of the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, goods, provisions and horses to the amount of sixty-five thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, thirty-five thousand dollars.)

As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid under the direction of the said Commissioners, and that the whole of the same have been received by the said Indians, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, and the undersigned Chiefs and Head-men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
Jo-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
We-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ke-ne-aw, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Saw-ko-nosh,
Tshee-Tshee-chin-be-quay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Shab-e-nai, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
E-to-won-cote, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Wah-be-me-mee, his mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
We-in-co, his x mark,

In presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
Madn. F. Abbott,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Andw. Porter,
Joseph Bertrand, junr.
Jno. H. Kinzie,
James Conner, interpreter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general, M. M.

 

September 27, 1833

Supplementary Articles

 

Articles supplementary, to the treaty made at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 26th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen and William Weatherford, Commissioners on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Potawatamie Indians, of the other part, concluded at the same place on the twenty-seventh day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, between the said Commissioners on the part of the United States of the one part, and the Chiefs and Head-men of the said United Nation of Indians, residing upon the reservations of land situated in the Territory of Michigan, south of Grand river, of the other part.

ARTICLE 1. The said chiefs and head-men cede to the United States, all their land situate in the Territory of Michigan south of Grand river being the reservation at Notawasepe of 4 miles square contained in the 3d clause of the 2d article of the treaty made at Chicago, on the 29th day of August 1821, and the ninety-nine sections of land contained in the treaty made at St. Joseph on the 19th day of Sept. 1827;—and also the tract of land on St. Joseph river opposite the town of Niles, and extending to the line of the State of Indiana, on which the villages of To-pe-ne-bee and Pokagon are situated, supposed to contain about 49 sections.

ARTICLE 2. In consideration of the above cession, it is hereby agreed that the said chiefs and head-men and their immediate tribes shall be considered as parties to the said treaty to which this is supplementary, and be entitled to participate in all the provisions therein contained, as a part of the United Nation; and further, that there shall be paid by the United States, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars: to be applied as follows.

Ten thousand dollars in addition to the general fund of one hundred thousand dollars, contained in the said treaty to satisfy sundry individuals in behalf of whom reservations were asked which the Commissioners refused to grant;—the manner in which the same is to be paid being set forth in the schedule “A,” hereunto annexed.

Twenty-five thousand dollars in addition to the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars contained in the said Treaty, to satisfy the claims made against all composing the United Nation of Indians, which they have admitted to be justly due, and directed to be paid according to Schedule “B,” to the Treaty annexed.

Twenty-five thousand dollars, to be paid in goods, provisions and horses, in addition to the one hundred thousand dollars contained in the Treaty.

And forty thousand dollars to be paid in annuities of two thousand dollars a year for twenty years, in addition to the two hundred and eighty thousand dollars inserted in the Treaty, and divided into payments of fourteen thousand dollars a year.

ARTICLE 3. All the Indians residing on the said reservations in Michigan shall remove therefrom within three years from this date, during which time they shall not be disturbed in their possession, nor in hunting upon the lands as heretofore. In the mean time no interruption shall be offered to the survey and sale of the same by the United States. In case, however, the said Indians shall sooner remove the Government may take immediate possession thereof.

ARTICLE 4. [Stricken out. See 4th Amendment at end of treaty.]

These supplementary articles after the same shall have been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States shall be binding on the contracting parties.

In testimony whereof, the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands at Chicago, the said day and year.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
We-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark,
Po-ka-gon, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Pe-pe-ah, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-bee-tuck, his x mark,
Kitchee-bau, his x mark,
Pee-chee-ko, his x mark,
Nai-gaw-geucke, his x mark,
Wag-maw-kan-so, his x mark,
Mai-go-sai, his x mark,
Nai-chee-wai, his x mark,
Aks-puck-sick, his x mark,
Kaw-kai-mai, his x mark,
Mans-kai-sick, his x mark,
Pam-ko-wuck, his x mark,
No-taw-gai, his x mark,
Kauk-muck-kisin, his x mark,
Wee-see-mon, his x mark,
Mo-so-ben-net, his x mark,
Kee-o-kum, his x mark,
Maatch-kee, his x mark,
Kaw-bai-me-sai, his x mark,
Wees-ke-qua-tap, his x mark,
Ship-she-wuh-no, his x mark,
Wah-co-mah-o-pe-tuk, his x mark,
Ne-so-wah-quet, his x mark,
Shay-o-no, his x mark,
Ash-o-nees, his x mark,
Mix-i-nee, his x mark,
Ne-wah-ox-sec, his x mark,
Sauk-e-mau, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,
Mo-rah, his x mark,
Suk-see, his x mark,
Quesh-a-wase, his x mark,
Pat-e-go-to, his x mark,
Mash-ke-oh-see, his x mark,
Mo-nase, his x mark,
Wab-e-kaie, his x mark,
Shay-oh-new, his x mark,
Mo-gua-go, his x mark,
Pe-qua-shuc, his x mark,
A-muwa-noc-sey, his x mark,
Kau-ke-che-ke-to, his x mark,
Shaw-waw-nuk-wuk, his x mark,

In presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
E. A. Brush,
Luther Rice, interpreter,
James Conner, interpreter,
Joseph Bertrand, jr., interpreter,
Geo. Kercheval, sub Indian agent,
J. L. Thompson, lieutenant Fifth Infantry,
J. Allen, lieutenant Fifth Infantry.
P. Maxwell, assistant surgeon U. S. Army,
Geo. F. Turner, assistant surgeon U. S. Army,
B. B. Kercheval,
Thomas Forsyth,
Daniel Jackson, of New York,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general M. M.
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. S. Hubbard,
Geo. Bender, major Fifth Regiment Infantry,
D. Wilcox, captain Fifth Regiment,
J. M. Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
L. T. Jamison, lieutenant U. S. Army,
O. K. Smith, lieutenant Fifth Infantry,
L. M. Taylor,
Pierre Menard, fils,
Jacob Beeson.
Samuel Humes Porter,
Edmd. Roberts,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Jas. W. Berry,
Gabriel Godfroy, jr.
Geo. Hunt,
A. H. Arndt,
Andw. Porter,
Isaac Nash,
Richard J. Hamilton.

 

SCHEDULE “A”

 

Referred to in the Article supplementary to the Treaty, containing the sums payable to Individuals, in lieu of Reservations of Land.

Name Dollars
Po-ka-gon 2000
Rebecca Burnett, Edward Brooks Trustee 500
Mary Burnett, Edward Brooks Trustee 250
Martha Burnett (R. A. Forsyth Trustee) 250
Madaline Bertrand 200
Joseph Bertrand Junr 200
Luke Bertrand Junr 200
Benjamin Bertrand 200
Lawrence Bertrand 200
Theresa Bertrand 200
Amable Bertrand 200
Julianne Bertrand 200
Joseph H. Bertrand 100
Mary M. Bertrand 100
M. L. Bertrand 100
John B. Du Charme 200
Elizabeth Du Charme (R. A. Forsyth Trustee) 800
George Henderson 400
Mary Nado and children 400
John Bt. Chandonai 1000
Charles Chandonai, R. A. Forsyth is Trustee 400
Mary Chandonai, R. A. Forsyth is Trustee 400
Mary St. Comb and children 300
Sa-gen-nais’ daughter 200
Me-chain, daughter of Pe-che-co 200
Alexis Rolan 200
Polly Neighbush 200
Francois Page’s wife and children 200
Pierre F. Navarre’s children 100
Jarmont (half breed) 100
Ten thousand dollars $10,000

September 27, 1833

Agreeably to the stipulations contained in the Articles supplementary to the Treaty, there have been purchased and delivered at the request of the Indians, Goods, Provisions and Horses to the amount of fifteen thousand dollars (leaving the balance to be supplied hereafter ten thousand dollars.)

As evidence of the purchase and delivery as aforesaid, under the direction of the said commissioners, and that the whole of the same been received by the said Indians, and the said George B. Porter, Thomas J. V. Owen, and William Weatherford, and the undersigned chiefs and head men on behalf of the said United Nation of Indians, have hereunto set their hands the twenty-seventh day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

G. B. Porter,
Th. J. V. Owen,
William Weatherford,
To-pen-e-bee, his x mark,
Wee-saw, his x mark,
Ne-kaw-nosh-kee, his x mark,
Wai-saw-o-ko-ne-aw, his x mark,
Ne-see-waw-be-tuk, his x mark,
Kai-kaw-tai-mon, his x mark,
Saw-Ka-Nosh, his x mark,
Tshee-tshee-chin-ke-bequay, his x mark,
Joseph, his x mark,
Shab-e-nai, his x mark,
Ah-be-to-ke-Zhic, his x mark,
E-to-wau-coto, his x mark,
Shab-y-a-tuk, his x mark,
Me-am-ese, his x mark,
Wah-be-me-mee, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
We-in-co, his x mark,

In presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
John H. Kinzie,
Madn. F. Abbott,
Saml. Humes Porter,
Joseph Bertrand, junr.
Andw. Porter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-general M. M.
James Conner, interpreter.

On behalf of the Chiefs and Head men of the United Nation of Indians who signed the treaty to which these articles are supplementary we hereby, in evidence of our concurrence therein, become parties thereto.

And, as since the signing of the treaty a part of the band residing on the reservations in the Territory of Michigan, have requested, on account of their religious creed, permission to remove to the northern part of the peninsula of Michigan, it is agreed that in case of such removal the just proportion of all annuities payable to them under former treaties and that arising from the sale of the reservation on which they now reside shall be paid to them at, L’arbre, Croche

Witness our hands, the said day and year.
Saw-ka-nosh, his x mark,
Che-ohe-bin-quay, his x mark,
Ah-be-te-ke-zhic, his x mark,
Shab-e-nay, his x mark,
O-cheep-pwaise, his x mark,
Maug-e-sett, his x mark,
Shim-e-nah, his x mark,
Ke-me-nah-wah, his x mark,

In the presence of
Wm. Lee D. Ewing, secretary to the commission,
Jno. H. Kinzie,
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Robert Stuart,
R. A. Forsyth, U. S. Army,
Saml. Humes Porter,
J. E. Schwarz, adjutant-genera. M. M.
James Conner, interpreter.

The Commissioners certify that when these supplementary articles were ready for signature, the original paper of which the annexed is a copy was presented by Messrs. Peter and James J. Godfroy, and the due execution of it was made satisfactorily appear to the Commissioners, the subscribing witnesses R A Forsyth and Robert A Kinzie being present.—The Chiefs and Head men present recognizing this as a reservation, it was agreed that it shall be considered in the same light as though the purport of the instrument had been inserted in the body of the treaty;—with the understanding that the rejection of it by the President and Senate of the United States shall not affect the validity of the treaty.

G. B. PORTER,
TH. J. V. OWEN,
WILLIAM WEATHERFORD.

May 18, 1830.

Know all men by these presents that we the undersigned Chiefs and Young men of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians living at Na-to-wa-se-pe in the territory of Michigan, for and in consideration of the friendship and sundry services rendered to us by Peter and James J. Godfroy we do hereby by these presents give, grant, alien, transfer and convey unto the said Godfroys their heirs and assigns forever one entire section of land situate lying and being on our reserve of Na-to-wa-se-pe, in the Territory aforesaid to be located by said Godfroys wherever on said reserve they shall think it more to their advantage and benefit.

It is moreover the wishes of the undersigned Chiefs and Young men as aforesaid, that so soon as there shall be a treaty held between the United States and our said tribe of Pottawatamies, that our great father the President confirm and make good this our grant unto them, the said Godfroys by issuing a patent therefor to them and to their heirs forever.—In so doing our great father will accomplish the wishes of his children.

Done at Detroit, this eighteenth day of May, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and thirty.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto signed, sealed, and set our hands and seals, the day and year last above written.

Penenchese, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pit-goit-ke-se, his x mark, [L. S.]
Nah-o-te-nan, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ke-a-sac-wa, his x mark, [L. S.]
Sko-paw-ka, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ce-ce-baw, his x mark, [L. S.]
Na-wa-po-to, his x mark, [L. S.]
To-ta-gas, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pierre Morin, alias Perish, his x mark, [L. S.]
We-say-gah, his x mark, [L. S.]

Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us

R. A. Forsyth,
Robt. A. Kinzie,
G. Godfroy,

Witnesses to the signature of Pierre Morin, alias Perish, and Wa-say-gah.

Richard Godfroy,
Francis Mouton.

Chicago, Illinois, Oct. 1, 1834.
THO. J. V. OWEN, Esqr.
U. S. Indian Agent.
Oct. 1, 1834.

FATHER: Feeling a disposition to comply with the resolution of Senate of the United States, and the views of the Government in relation to an alteration in the boundaries of the country ceded to the United nation of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatamie Indians at the treaty at Chicago in the State of Illinois, concluded on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833:—we therefore propose as the chiefs of the said united nation, and for and on their behalf that we will accept of the following alteration in the boundaries of the said tract of country viz:—Beginning at the mouth of Boyer’s river; thence down the Missouri river, to a point thereon; from which a due east line would strike the northwest corner of the State of Missouri; thence along the said east line, to the northwest corner of said State; then along the northern boundary line of the said State of Missouri, till it strikes the line of the lands of the Sac and Fox Indians; thence northwardly along said line to a point from which a west line would strike the sources of the Little Sioux river; thence along said west line, till it strikes the said sources of said river; then down said river to its mouth; thence down the Missouri river to the place of beginning: Provided the said boundary shall contain five million of acres; but should it contain more, then said boundaries are to be reduced so as to contain the said five millions of acres.

And, in consideration of the alteration of said boundary we ask that ten thousand dollars should be paid to such commissioner, as shall be designated by us to receive the same west of the Mississippi river, at such place on the tract of country ceded to the said united nation as we may designate, and to be applied, as we may direct for the use and benefit of the said nation. And the further sum of two thousand dollars to be paid to Gholson Kercheval, of Chicago, Ill.: for services rendered the said united nation of Indians during the late war, between the U. S. Government and the Sacs and Foxes; and the further sum of one thousand dollars to George E. Walker for services rendered the said United nation, in bringing Indian prisoners, from west of the Mississippi river to Ottawa, Lasalle county, Ill. for whose appearance at the circuit court of said county, the said nation was bound.

The foregoing propositions are made with the expectation, that with the exception of the alteration in the proposed boundary, and the indemnity herein demanded as an equivalent for said exchange, the whole of the treaty made and concluded at this place on the 26th and 27th days of September 1833, be ratified as made and concluded at that time, within the space of five months from the present date; otherwise it is our wish that the whole of the said treaty should be considered as cancelled.

In witness whereof, we, the undersigned chiefs of the said United Nation of Chippewa, Ottowa, and Pattawatamie Indians, being specially delegated with power and authority to effect this negotiation, have hereto set our hands and seals, at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October, A. D. 1834.

R. Caldwell, [L. S.]
Kee-tshee-zhing-ee-beh, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tshee-tshee-beeng-guay, his x mark, [L. S.]
Joseph, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ob-ee-tah-kee-zhik, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wau-bon-see, his x mark, [L. S.]
Kay-kot-ee-mo, his x mark, [L. S.]

In presence of
Richd. J. Hamilton,
Jno. H. Kenzie,
Dr. P. Maxwell, U. S. Army,
J. Grant, jr.,
E. M. Owen,
J. M. Baxley, captain Fifth Infantry.

[NOTE.—This Treaty and Supplementary Articles thereto, were ratified and confirmed, upon the conditions expressed in the two resolutions of the Senate in relation to the same; which conditions as contained in the first named resolution, are as follows:

“That the Senate do advise and consent to the ratification of the Treaty, made on the 26th day of September 1833, at Chicago, by George B. Porter and others, Commissioners on behalf of the United States, and the United Nation of Chippewas, Ottawas, and Pottawatamies Indians, and the supplementary articles thereto, dated on the 27th day of September, 1833, with the following amendments and provisions, to wit, 1st: amend the third article in Schedule A, by striking out the word “ten” and inserting the word five as to each of the sums to be paid to Billy Caldwell and Alexander Robinson; so that the sum of five thousand dollars only will be paid to each of them, and the sum of ten thousand dollars, thus deducted, to be paid to the Indians.—2d. All the debts, mentioned in schedule B, in the same article, and which are specified in exhibit E, to the report of the committee, to be examined by a commissioner to be appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the individuals to be paid only the sums found by said commissioner, to have been justly due; in no instance increasing the sum agreed to be paid; and whatever sum is saved by deduction or disallowance of the debts in exhibit E, to be paid to the Indians, and the residue to the claimants respectively. 3d. Strike out article 5th in the Treaty. 4th. Strike out article 4th in the supplementary articles: and provided, that the lands given to the said Indians, in exchange, in place of being bounded in the manner described in the treaty be so changed, that the first line shall begin at the mouth of Boyer's river, and run down the river Missouri to a point thereon from which a line running due east will strike the northwestern corner of the State of Missouri; from that point due east till it strikes said northwest corner; then, along the northern boundary line of said State, till it strikes the line of the land belonging to the Fox and Sac Indians; hence northwardly, so far as to make to the Indians full compensation for the quantity of land which will be thus taken from them on the southwestern part of the tract allowed them by the boundaries as at present described in the treaty; and provided, further, that this alteration of boundaries can be effected with the consent of the Indians. Also the said commissioner shall examine whether three thousand dollars, a part of the sum of seventeen thousand dollars directed to be paid to Robert Stuart agent of the American Fur Company, was to be paid and received in full discharge of all claims and demands which said company had against Gurdon S. Hubbard and James Kinzie; and if he finds it was to be so paid, that then the sum of fourteen thousand dollars, only, be paid, until said agent of said company give a receipt of all debts due, and demands which said company had against said Hubbard and Kinzie; and, upon giving such receipt, that then the said sum of three thousands dollars be likewise paid to said agent.”

And those contained in the second named resolution are as follows:
“That the Senate do advise and consent to the alteration proposed by the Chiefs of the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottawa and Pottawattamie Indians, concluded at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the first day of October 1834, to the treaty concluded between the commissioners on the part of the United States and the chiefs of the said United Nation on the 26th of September, 1833:— it being expressly understood by the Senate that no other of the provisions of the resolution of the Senate of the 22d day of May 1834, ratifying the said treaty, shall be affected, or in any manner changed, by the said proposed alteration of 1st October, 1834, excepting the proposed alteration in the boundaries therein mentioned, and the sums of money therein stipulated to be paid.”]


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