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Treaty of June 18, 1818

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A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded, by and between, William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors of the Grand Pawnee tribe, on the part and behalf of their said tribe, of the other part.

The parties, being desirous of establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe, have agreed to the following articles:

Article I. Every injury, or act of hostility, by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America, and all the individuals composing the said Grand Pawnee tribe.

Article III. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

Article IV. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and the tribe they represent, do moreover promise and oblige themselves to deliver up, or cause to be delivered up, to the authority of the United States, (to be punished according to law,) each and every individual of the said tribe, who shall, at any time hereafter, violate the stipulations of the treaty this day concluded between the said tribe and the said United States.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the said chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this eighteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United States the forty-second.

Wm. Clark
Aug. Chouteau
Teratuewit, the Bald Eagle, his x mark
Taheerish, the Soldier, his x mark
Petaperishta, Who wants to go to War, his x mark
Talawehouree, the Follower, his x mark
Tarraricarrawaa, the Grand Chief Big Hair, his x mark
Shinggacahega, his x mark
Aiuwechouoneeweeka, Chief of the Birds, his x mark
Islacapee, his x mark
Settulushaa, the Knife Chief, his x mark
Shakororishshara, Chief of the Sun, his x mark
Tarraecarwaa, the Wild Cat, his x mark
Tarrarevetiishta, the Round Shield, his x mark
Arorishhara, the Warrior, his x mark
Telawaheartcarookot, the Fighter, his x mark
Kagakereeouk, the Crow’s Eye, his x mark
Latatorishhara, the Chief of the Shield, his x mark

Done at St. Louis, in the presence of:
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commission
R. Paul, Colonel M. M.
John O’Fallon, R. R.
Jno. Rutland, Sub-agent and Trans., etc.
A. L. Papin, Interpreter
Wm. Grayson
I. T. Honore, Interpreter
Stephin Julian, United States Interpreter
Josiah Ramsey
Th. Robedout


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