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The Creek Indian Trails
Posted By Dennis Partridge On In Alabama,Georgia,Native American | No Comments
A correct and detailed knowledge of the Indian trails leading through their country, and called by them warpaths, horse trails, and by the white traders “trading roads,” forms an important part of Indian topography and history. Their general direction is determined by mountain ranges and gaps (passes), valleys, springs, watercourses, fordable places in rivers, etc. The early explorers of North American countries all followed these Indian trails: Narvaez, Hernando de Soto, Tristan de Luna, Juan del Pardo, Lederer and Lawson, because they were led along these tracks by their Indian guides. If we knew with accuracy the old Indian paths of the West, we would have little difficulty in rediscovering the routes traveled by Coronados and Peñalossas troops in New Mexico and in the great wastes of the Mississippi plains. In hilly lands these trails are, of course, easier to trace than in level portions of the country.
The best-known trails leading from the east to the Creek towns were as follows:
Bartram, Travels, p. 54, gives the following particulars: “On the east bank of the Okmulgee this trading road runs nearly two miles through ancient Indian fields, the Okmulgee fields . . . with artificial mounds or terraces, squares, etc.” This horse path began at the Rock Landing on Okoni River, a British post just below Wilkinson and about four miles below Milledgeville, Georgia, passed Fort Hawkins built upon the Okmulgi old fields, then the site of Macon, on the shore opposite, then Knoxville, then the old Creek agency on Flint river, then crossed Padshiläika creek, the usual ford on Chatahuchi river lying between Kasiχta and Apatá-i Creek. ↩
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