Ibitoupa Indians

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Ibitoupa Tribe: Meaning probably, people “at, the source of” a stream or river.

Ibitoupa Connections. No words of this language are known unless the tribal name itself is native, but from this and Le Page du Pratz’s (1758) statement that their language, unlike that of the Tunica group, was without an r, there is every reason to class it as Muskhogean and closely related to Chakchiuma, Chickasaw, and Choctaw.

Ibitoupa Location. On Yazoo River in the present Holmes County, perhaps between Abyatche and Chicopa Creeks.

Ibitoupa Villages. Only one village is known, and that called by the tribal name, though it is possible that the Choula, (q. v.) mentioned by La Harpe were an offshoot.

Ibitoupa History. The Ibitoupa are mentioned in 1699 by Iberville, and in Coxe’s Carolana (1705). Before 1722 they had moved higher up and were 3 leagues above the Chakchiuma, who were then probably at the mouth of the Yalobusha. They probably united with the Chickasaw soon after the Natchez War, though they may first have combined with the Chakchiuma and Taposa. They were perhaps related to the people of the Choctaw towns called Ibetap okla.

Ibitoupa Population. All that we know of the population of the Ibitoupa is that in 1722 it occupied 6 cabins; in the same year there are said to have been 40 Choula, a possible offshoot.

Connection in which their name has become noted. It seems to have been the original of the name of Tippo Bayou, Miss.



MLA Source Citation:

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 12 August 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/ibitoupa-indians.htm - Last updated on Oct 13th, 2013


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