Gabrielino Indians

Search Fold3 for your
Native American Records

Gabrielino Indians. Derived from San Gabriel, one of the two missions in Los Angeles County. Also called:

  • Kizh, reported by Gatschet (1876) ; Hale (1846) has Kij.
  • Playsanos, a name which seems to be applied to the California Shoshoneans living in the lowlands, especially near the coast in the region of Los Angeles.
  • Tobikhars, said to mean “settlers,” but probably from Tobohar, the mythical first man.
  • Tumangamalum, Luiseiio name.

Gabrielino Connections. The nearest connections of the Gabrielino were the Fernandeno; both belonged to the California branch of the Shoshonean Division of the Uto-Aztecan stock.

Gabrielino Location. In the drainage area of the San Gabriel River, the territory about Los Angeles, and all the country southward to include half of Orange County, also Santa Catalina Island and probably San Clemente.

Gabrielino Villages

  • Ahau, near Los Angeles River north of Long Beach.
  • Akura, near San Gabriel Mission.
  • Akura-nga, at La Presa.
  • Aleupki-nga, at Santa Anita.
  • Apachia, just east of Los Angeles.
  • Asuksa, west of Azusa.
  • Awi, between Pomona and the San Gabriel River.
  • Chokish-nga, at Jaboneria.
  • Chowi, near San Pedro.
  • Engva, near Redondo.
  • Hout, south of San Gabriel Mission.
  • Hutuk, inland on Santa Ana River.
  • Isantka-nga, at Mission Vieja.
  • Kinki or Kinkipar, on San Clemente Island.
  • Kukamo, southwest of Cucamonga Peak.
  • Lukup, near the mouth of Santa Ana River.
  • Masau, on the coast near San Pedro.
  • Moyo, on the coast south of the mouth of Santa Ana River.
  • Nakau-nga, at Carpenter’s.
  • Pahav, southeast of Corona.
  • Pasino, southeast of Pomona.
  • Pimoka-nga, at Rancho de los Ybarras.
  • Pimu or Pipimar, on Santa Catalina Island.
  • Pubu, inland on San Gabriel River, east of Long Beach.
  • Saan, on the coast south of Santa Monica.
  • Sehat, inland near the middle course of San Gabriel River.
  • Shua, near Long Beach.
  • Siba, at San Gabriel Mission.
  • Sisitkan-nga, at Pear Orchard.
  • Sona-nga, at White’s.
  • Sua-nga, near Long Beach.
  • Tibaha, north of Long Beach between Los Angeles and San Gabriel Rivers.
  • Toibi, at Pomona.
  • Wenot, at Los Angeles.

Gabrielino Population. Kroeber (1925) estimates 5,000 Gabrielino, Fernandeno, and Nicoleno in 1770; they are now practically extinct.



MLA Source Citation:

Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. Web. 20 January 2015. - Last updated on Mar 18th, 2013

Categories: ,

Contribute to the Conversation!

Our "rules" are simple. Keep the conversation on subject and mind your manners! If this is your first time posting, we do moderate comments before we let them appear... so give us a while to get to them. Once we get to know you here, we'll remove that requirement.

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Newsletter Signup

We currently provide two newsletters. Why not take both for a run?

Genealogy Update: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new, or significantly updated, collection or database on our website.

Circle of Nations: We send out this newsletter whenever we feature a new (or significantly updated) Native American collection or database on our website.

Once you've clicked on the Subscribe button above you'll receive an email from us requesting confirmation. You must confirm the email before you will be able to receive any newsletter.

Connect With Us!

Pin It on Pinterest


Share This

Share this post with your friends!