The Fus-hatchee Tribe
The descriptive name of the Fus-hatchee and their intimate relations with
Atasi lead me to believe that
they were a comparatively late branch of one of these. They appear first on the
De Crenay map of 1733, in which they are placed on the south side of the
Tallapoosa.1 They are also in the lists of 1738, 1750, 1760, and
1761.2 James Germany was their trader in the last mentioned year. In
1797 the trader was Nicholas White.3 The name is in the lists of
Bartram4 and Hawkins,5 and is evidently the ''Coosahatchies"
of Swan.6 In his list of Creek traders, made in May, 1797, Hawkins
assigns none to this town; but in a second, dated the following September, he
gives the name of William McCart, who had formerly been a hireling of Abraham M.
Mordecai at Holiwahali.7 Hawkins describes the town as follows:
from foo-so-wau, a bird, and hot-che, tail.8
It is two miles below Ho-ith-le-wau-le
[Holiwahali] on the right bank of Tal-la-poo-sa,
on a narrow strip of flat land; the broken
lands are just back of the town; the
cornfields are on the opposite side of the
river, and are divided from those of Ho-ith-le-wau-le
by a small creek, Noo-coose-che-po. On the
right bank of this little creek, half a mile
from the river, is the remains of a ditch
which surrounded a fortification, and back
of this for a mile is the appearance of old
settlements, and back of these, pine
The cornfields are narrow,
and extend down, bordering on the river.9
This was one of those towns which went to
Florida after the Creek-American war, and
consequently we find no mention of it in the
census list of 1832. A small band is noted
in northern Florida as early as 1778.10
It was accompanied by Kan-hatki, and after
the Seminole war the two moved westward
together and formed a single settlement in
the southern part of the Seminole Nation.
There they constituted one district, known
as Fus-hatchee. and were so represented in
the Seminole council. Their square ground
was, however, known as Liwahali, because the
leaders in forming it are said to have been
- Plate 6; also Hamilton, Col. Mobile,
- MSS., Ayer Lib.; Miss. Prov. Arch.,
I, p. 94; Ga. Col. Docs., VIII, p. 523.
- Ga. Hist. Soc. Colls., IX, p. 168.
- Bartram, Travels, p. 461.
- Ga. Hist. Soc. Colls., in, p. 25.
- Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, V, p. 262.
- Ga. Hist. Soc. Colls., IX, pp. 168,
- This is erroneous. It should be
fuswa, bird, and hňtci,
river or stream.
- Ga. Hist. Soc. Colls., III, p. 33.
- Copy of MS. in Lib. Cong.
Notes About Book:
Source: Swanton, John R., Early
History of the Creek Indians and Their
Neighbors. Pub. Smithsonian
Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology,
Bulletin 73. Washington, 1922.
Notes about Online Publication: This manuscript has been ocr'd and heavily
edited. Many of the Native American words have been reproduced as clearly as
online publication will allow us, but not all are exactly the way they were in
the original work. The structure of this manuscript has been changed to allow
better online presentation.