The Chickasaw Nation in 1890
The Chickasaw Nation contains 7,267 square miles,
or 4,650,935 acres, of territory (treaty of June 22, 1855, volume 11, U. S.
Stats., page 611). In 1837 the Chickasaws sold outright to the United States
their lands in the state of Mississippi. For the sum of $530,000 in 1837 the
Chickasaws bought an interest in the Choctaw lands now in Indian Territory,
without the right to vote, and lived with them. In 1855 for the sum of $150,000
the Chickasaws bought the right of self-government from the Choctaws, and a
district, now known as the Chickasaw Nation, was established in the western
portion of the Choctaw territory. From 1555 to 1887 the Chickasaw country
improved very little, if any, To the west the ranchmen and their nomadic herds
held undisputed sway; to the east the primitive red man dwelt in the seclusion
that he loved so well. From 1861 to 1865 the Chickasaws took sides with the
Southern Confederacy during the rebellion. In the spring of' 1887 when the
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe route pushed through the nation it became the
wedge that opened the way to incoming white civilization. Thousands began to
pour in, as the situation was favorable. It cost but a nominal sum to rent
valuable farming lands of the Indians, living was cheap, and returns from
agricultural labors were large. The outside whites had heard of the rich
wilderness and fertile plains awaiting only industry, enterprise, and money to
develop them. Read more
Notes About the Book:
Source: The Chickasaw, by John
Donaldson, 1892, 11th Census of the United States, Robert P. Porter,
Superintendent, US Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Online Publication: The manuscript was scanned and
then ocr'd. Minimal editing has been done, and readers can and should expect
some errors in the textual output.
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