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Alphabetical Enumeration of Indian Tribes

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  • Machapungas, in N. Carolina in 1700; practiced circumcision.
  • Mandans, 1,250 in 1805, 1200 m. fm. mouth of Misso; 1838, reduced to 21 by sm. pox
  • Mangoags, or Tuteloes, (Iroquois,) Nottoway River, formerly; now extinct.
  • Manhattans, (Mohicans) once on the island where New York city now stands.
  • Mannahoaks, once on the upper waters of the Rappahannock r.; extinct long ago.
  • Marachites, (Abenakies,) on the St. John’s; a remnant remains.
  • Marsapeagues, once on Long Island, S. side of Oyster Bay; extinct.
  • Marshpees, (Wampanoags) 315 in 1832; Barnstable Co., Mass; mixed with blacks.
  • Mascoutins, or Fire Ind., betw. Mississ. and L. Michigan, 1665; (Sacs and Foxes?)
  • Massachucsetts, the state perpetuates their name.
  • Massawomes, (Iroquois,) once spread over Kentucky.
  • Mathlanobs, 500 in 1820, on an island in the mouth of Wallaumut River, W. R.
  • Mayes, 600 in 1805, St. Gabriel Creek mouth of Guadaloupe River, Louisiana.
  • Menominies, (Algonkins,) once on Illinois r.; now 300 W. Mississippi.
  • Messassagnes, 2,000 in 1764, N. of, and adjacent to, L. Huron and Superior.
  • Miamis, (Algonkins,) once on the r. of their name; now 1,500, beyond the Mississ.
  • Mikasaukies, (Seminoles ) about 1 000 in 1821; very warlike.
  • Mikmaks, (Algonkins,) 3,000 in 1760, in Nova Scotia; the Suriquois of the French.
  • Miksuksealton, (Tushepaha,) 300 in 1820 Clark’s River, above great falls, W. R.
  • Minetares, 2,500 in 1805, 5 m. above the Mandans, on bth sides Knife River.
  • Mindawarcarton, in 1805 on both sides Mississippi, from St. Peter’s upward.
  • Mingoes, once such of the Iroquois were so called as resided upon the Scio River.
  • Minsi, Wolf tribe of the Lenna Lenape, once over New Jersey and art of Penn.
  • Missouries, once on that part of the River just below Grand r., to 1820.
  • Mitchigamies, one of the five tribes of the Illinois; location uncertain.
  • Mohawks, head of Five Nations; formerly on Mohawk r.; a few now in Canada.
  • Mohegans, or Moheakunnuks, in 1610, Hudson r. from Esopus to Albany.
  • Monacans, (Tuscaroras,) once near where Richmond, Virginia, now is.
  • Mongoulatches, on the W. side of the Mississippi. See Bayagoulas.
  • Montagnes, (Algonkins,) N. side St. Law., bette. Saguenay and Tadousac, in 1609.
  • Montauks, on E. end of Long Island, formerly; head of 13 tribes of that island.
  • Moratoks, 80 in 1607; 40 in 1669, in Lancaster and Richmond counties, Virginia.
  • Mosquitos, once a numerous race on the E. side of the Isthmus of Darien.
  • Mutlnomahs, (Wappatoo,) 800 in 1320, mouth of Multnomah River, W. R.
  • Munseys, (Delawares,) in 1730 N. branch Susquehannah r.; to the Wabash in 1808.
  • Muskogees, 17,000 in 1775, on Alabama and Apalachicola Rivers. See B. iv.


  • Nabedaches, (Caddo,) on branch Sabine, 15 m. above the Inies; 400 in 1805.
  • Nabijos, between N. Mexico and the Pacific; live in stone houses, and manufacture.
  • Nandakoe, 120 in 1805 on Sabine, 60 m. W. of the Yattassees; (Caddo.)
  • Nantikokes, 1711 on Nantikoke River; 1755, at Wyoming; same year went west.
  • Narcotah, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
  • Narragansets, S. side of the bay which perpetuates their name; nearly extinct.
  • Nashuays, (Nipmuks,) on that river from its mouth in Massachusetts.
  • Natchez, at Natchez; discovered, 1701; chiefly destroyed by French, 1720.
  • Natchitoches, once at that place; 100 in 1804; now upon Red River.
  • Nateotetains, 200 in 1820, W. R., on a river of their name, W. of the Facullies.
  • Natiks, (Nipmuks,) in Massachusetts, in a town now called after them.
  • Nechacoke, (Wappatoo,) 100 in 1820 S. side Columbia, near Quicksand r., W. R.
  • Neekeetoo, 700 in 1820, on the Pacific, S. of the Columbia, beyond the Youicone.
  • Nemalquinner, (Wappatoo,) 200 in 1820, N. side Wallaumut River, 3 m, up.
  • Niantiks, a tribe of the Narragansets, and in alliance with them.
  • Nicariagas, once about Michilimakinak;¬† joined Iroquois in 1723, as seventh nation.
  • Nipissins, (Original Algonkins,) 400 in 1764, near the source of Ottoway River.
  • Nipmuks, eastern interior of Mass.; 1,500 in 1775; extinct.
  • Norridgeworks, (Abenakies,) on Penobscot River.
  • Nottoways, on Nottoway River, in Virginia; but 2 of clear blood in 1817.
  • Nyacks, (Mohicans,) or Manhattans, once about the Narrows, in New York.


  • Okmulges, (Muskogees,) to the E. of Flint River; about 200 in 1834.
  • Ocameches, in Virginia in 1607; had before been powerful; then reduced.
  • Ochees, See Uchees. – Perhaps Ochesos; 230 in Florida in 1826, at Ochee Bluff.
  • Oconas, (Creeks.)
  • Ojibwas, (Chippeways,) 30,000 in 1836 about the great lakes, and N, of them.
  • Okatiokinans, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, near Fort Gaines, E side Mississippi.
  • Omahas, 2,200 in 1820 on Elkhorn River, 80 m. from Council Bluffs.
  • Oneidas, one of the Five Nations; chief seat near Oneida Lake, New York.
  • Onondagas, one of the Five Nations; formerly in New York, 300 in 1840.
  • Ootlashoots, (Tushepahas,) 400 in 1820, on Clark’s River, W. Rock Mountains.
  • Osages, 4,000 in 1830, about Arkansas and Usage Rivers; many tribes.
  • Otagamies, (Winnebagoes ) 300 in 1780, bettw. Lake of the Woods and the Mississ.
  • Otoes, 1,500m 1820; in 1805, 500; 15 leagues up the River Platte on S. side.
  • Ottawas, 1670, removed from L. Superior to Michilimakinak; 2,300 in 1820.
  • Ouitanons, or Waas, (Kikapoos ) mouth of Eel r., Ind., 1791, in a village 3 m, long.
  • Oumas, E bank Mississippi in 1722, in 2 villages, quarter of a mile from the river.
  • Owassissas, (Seminoles,) ) 100 in 1820, on E. waters of St. Mark’s River.
  • Ozas, 2,000 in 1750; on Ozaw River in 1780, which flows into the Mississippi.
  • Ozimies, one of the six tribes on E. shore of Maryland and Virginia in 1607.


  • Pacanas, on Quelquichose River, La.; 30 men in 1805 ; 40 m. S. W. Natchitoches.
  • Padoucas, 2,000 warriors in 1724, on the Kansas; dispersed before 1805.
  • Padowagas, by some the Senecas were so called; uncertain.
  • Pailsh, 200 in 1820, on coast of the Pacific, N. Columbia r. beyond the Potoashs.
  • Palaches, a tribe found early in Florida but long since extinct.
  • Pamlico, but 15 in 1703, about Pamlico Sound, in N. Carolina; extinct.
  • Pancas, once on Red River, of Winnipee 1.; afterwards joined the Omahas.
  • Panis, (Tonicas,) 40 villages in 1750, S. br. Missouri; 70 villages on Red r., 1755.
  • Penneh, See Allakaweah, 2,300 in 1800, on heads Big Horn River.
  • Pascataways, once a considerable tribe on the Maryland side Potomac River.
  • Pascagoulas, 25 men in 1805, on Red r., 60 m. below Natchitoches; from Florida.
  • Passamaquoddie, on Schoodak r., Me., in Perry Pleasant Point, a small number.
  • Paunee, 10,000 in 1820, on the Platte and Kansas; Republicans, Loupes, and Picts.
  • Pawistucienemuck, 500 in 1820; small, brave tribe, in the prairies of Missouri.
  • Pawtuckets, (Nipmuks,) on Merrimac River, where Chelmsford now is; extinct. Pecans, (Nipmuks) 10 in 1793, in Dudley Mass., on a reservation of 200 acres.
  • Pelloatpallah, (Chopunnish,) 1,600 in 1820, on Kooskooskee r., above forks, W. R
  • Penobscots, (Abenakies,) 330, on an island in Penobscot r. 12 m. above Bangor.
  • Pennakooks, (Nipmuks ) along Merrimac r., where is now Concord N. H., &c.
  • Peorias, 97 in 1820, on Current River; one of the five tribes of the Illinois.
  • Pequakets; (Abenakies,) on sources Saco River; destroyed by English in 1725.
  • Pequots, about the mouth of Connecticut River subdued in 1637.
  • Phillimees, (Seminoles,) on or near the Suane River, Florida, in 1817.
  • Piankashaws, 3,000 once, on the Wabash; in 1780, but 950; since driven west:
  • Piankatank, a tribe in Virginia when first settled; unlocated.
  • Pinneshow, (Sioux,) 150 in 1820, on the St. Peter’s, 15 m. from its mouth.
  • Pishquitpah, 2,600 in 1815, N. side Columbia River, at Muscleshell Rapids, W. R.
  • Potoash, 200 in 1820, coast Pacific, N. mouth Columbia, beyond Clamoctimichs.
  • Pottowattomie, 1671, on Noquet i., L. Michigan; 1681, at Chicago.
  • Powhatans, 32 tribes spread over Virginia when first discovered by the English.
  • Puans, the Winnebagoes were so called by the French at one period.

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