Discover your family's story.

Enter a grandparent's name to get started.

Start Now

General History of the Western Indian Tribes 1851-1870 – Indian Wars

Up to 1851, the immense uninhabited plains east of the Rocky Mountains were admitted to be Indian Territory, and numerous tribes roamed from Texas and Mexico to the Northern boundary of the United States. Then came the discovery of gold in California, drawing a tide of emigration across this wide reservation, and it became necessary, by treaty with the Indians, to secure a broad highway to the Pacific shore. By these treaties the Indians were restricted to certain limits, but with the privilege of ranging, for hunting purposes, over the belt thus re-reserved as a route of travel. The United States, also, agreed to pay the Indians 850,000 per annum, for fifteen years, in consideration of this right. The boundaries assigned, by these treaties to the Cheyennes and Arrapahoes, included the greater part of the present Colorado Territory, while the Sioux and Crows were to occupy the land of the Powder River route. After a few years gold was discovered in Colorado, upon the Indian reservation, settlers poured in, and, after the lands were mostly taken up by them, another treaty was made, February 18th, 1861, to secure them in peaceful possession. By this compact the Indians relinquished a large tract of land, and agreed to confine themselves to a small district upon both sides of the Arkansas River and along the northern boundary of New Mexico; while the United States was to furnish them protection; pay an annuity of $30,000 to each tribe for fifteen years, and provide stock and agricultural implements for those who desired to adopt civilized modes of life. Until April, 1864, no disturbances had...

Biography of J. W. Searson, Prof.

It is a laudable aim of educational institutions continually to bring solidity and scholarship to their teaching boards, thereby adding greatness to their organizations and at the same time making certain the wider diffusion of knowledge. The Kansas State Agricultural College, at Manhattan, Kansas, had pursued this course in the selection of its faculty, with the result that some of the ablest and most enlightened educators of the country devote their time and efforts to this progressive institution. Among these mention may be particularly made of Prof. J. W. Searson who, for the past six years, had occupied the chair of English. J. W. Searson was born on a farm near Grand Island, Nebraska, in 1873. His educational training began early in the country schools, after which he pursued academic and collegiate courses. When only twenty-six years old he received his Master’s degree from the University of Nebraska, having won his Bachelor’s degree in the previous years, entering the university after being graduated from the Grand Island High School in 1891. He had since been working for his Doctor’s degree. Mr. Searson entered the educational field as an instructor very early and his abilities soon won definite recognition. In 1894-95 he was principal of the Weeping Water High School, and from 1896 to 1898 he was a teaching fellow in the department of history in the University of Nebraska. In 1899 he accepted the position of instructor in history in the high school of Lincoln, Nebraska, and for six years following, was superintendent of the city schools of Wahoo, Nebraska. This mutually pleasant association was broken in 1905 when...

Biography of William Clarence Howie

Out of the depths of his mature wisdom Carlyle wrote, “History is the essence of innumerable biographies,” and Macaulay has said, “The history of a nation is best told in the lives of its people.” It is therefore fitting that the sketches of Idaho’s eminent and distinguished men should find a place in this volume, and to the number belongs William Clarence Howie, a prominent lawyer of Mountain Home. A native of Iowa, he was born in Davis County, near the Missouri state line, November 27, 1860. The Howie family originated in France. Two brothers, who were French Huguenots, were driven out of that country on account of their religious views and fled to Scotland, one locating in the highlands, the other in the lowlands. From the latter our subject is descended. He founded a family in Scotland that became renowned in the history of that country, many representatives of the name occupying prominent positions in public life. John Howie, the father of our subject, was born on Prince Edwards island. His parents had started for America, and in a storm the vessel on which they sailed sought refuge in the harbor of the island, whereon occurred the birth of the son. On reaching the New World the grandparents located in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, and later the grandfather removed to Illinois, where he died in the eighty-ninth year of his age. John Howie was reared and educated in Pennsylvania, and there married Miss Hannah Evans, who was of English and Holland ancestry. Mr. Howie was a farmer, and with his family removed to Michigan. Later he returned to Pennsylvania...

Duby, William – Obituary

Baker, Oregon William Duby, former chairman of the Oregon State Highway commission died at his home in Baker last Tuesday night and funeral services were held at the Christian Church, Baker, Friday afternoon, under the auspices of the Masonic Lodge. Mr. Duby was born in East St. Louis, Illinois. In August 1861, said the Baker Democrat Herald. He went to Nebraska with his mother in 1865 and lived in the eastern part of that state until he was 22 years old. Mr. Duby was married to Mary E. Bissell in Wahoo, Saunders County, Nebraska, October 5, 1895. The young couple moved to Centralia, Washington, where they lived for 14 years. Mr. Duby was engaged in the logging and lumber business there. Mr. Duby came to Baker County in 1903 and located on a ranch in the Lower Powder valley, where he engaged in the cattle business for three years. He then moved to Baker and purchased the Baker Packing company which he operated until 1916. Mr. Duby was elected county judge of Baker County in 1917 and served in that office until Jan. 1, 1921. In 1923 he was appointed by Governor Walter M. Pierce as a member of the state highway commission. He was chairman of that body during his entire four years on the commission. Judge Duby was secretary-treasurer of the Cattle and Horse raisers association of Oregon from the time of its organization 17 years ago until his death. He was active in the work of the Oregon Wool Growers-association following the passage of the “? Line cowboy” bill in 1929. Mr. Duby was appointed as...

Nemec, Leonard, Sr. – Obituary

Baker City, Oregon Leonard Nemec Sr., 88, of Baker City died May 25, 2002, at St. Elizabeth Health Services with all of his family at his bedside. At his request, there will be no services. Leonard was born Feb. 11, 1914, in Weston, Neb., to Henry and Frances (Bures) Nemec. He married Martha Kulhanek on June 19, 1934, in Dwight, Neb., and they had five children. The Nemecs farmed in Butler and Dodge counties before moving to David City in 1948 where they owned and operated a tavern for two years. In 1950, they moved to Baker and lived on a ranch on Auburn Road before moving to town in 1956. Leonard worked at Burnt River (Ellingson Lumber Co.) for 29 years, retiring in 1979. Leonard loved working at the mill. He was a loving father and grandfather who enjoyed his family and wanted them to be with him all of the time. He especially loved watching his sons and grandchildren participate in sports over the years and hunting and fishing with them. He also loved watching television and listening to polka music. His family and home meant everything to him. Survivors include his wife, Martha; sons, Leonard Nemec and his wife, Norma, of Baker City, and Dan Nemec and his wife, Margaret, of Clackamas; daughters, Dee Swinyer and her husband, Carl, of Sumpter, Donna Brackin of Baker City and Mary Ann and her husband, Rich, of Redmond; 10 grandchildren, 10 great grandchildren and one great great grandchild. Leonard was preceded in death by his parents; four grandsons, Jim Brackin, Matt Nemec, Donny Swinyer and Ronny Swinyer; a granddaughter,...

Pin It on Pinterest