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Native American History of Paulding County, Georgia

Paulding County is located in west central Georgia and is part of the Atlanta Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA.) It was named after Revolutionary militiaman John Paulding (1758-1818) who led a party of three young farmers in the capture of Major John Andre. Andre was carrying secret papers to traitor, Gen. Benedict Arnold. Paulding refused a bribe from Andre and turned him into George Washington’s headquarters; thus saving Fortress West Point. The county seat of Paulding County is Dallas. Paulding County is bounded on the north by Bartow County. On the east, it adjoins Cobb County. On the southeast it is bordered by Douglas County and on the southwest by Haralson County, GA. Polk County is located on the western side of Paulding. Geology and hydrology Paulding County is located at the juxtaposition of three geological zones, the Piedmont, the Great Appalachian Valley and the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Province. There are alluvial riverine bottomlands along several tributaries of the Etowah River. Seasonal or permanent wetlands parallel some of its streams. These are relatively narrow bands of soggy terrain that provide ecological diversity for animal and plant life. The top soils are thin over most hills and steep slopes, while much deeper near streams. Streams in the Great Appalachian Valley are prone to flooding, but also have substantially larger riverine bottomlands than the other two geological provinces. The Piedmont is characterized by underlying rock strata of igneous and metamorphicized igneous rock. Georgia’s famous gold vein passes under the eastern side of the county in the Piedmont. The terrain consists of rolling hills and stream valleys. Short-sighted cultivation techniques in...

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