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Jocko Reservation

Flathead Agency Report of Special Agent Horatio L. Seward on the Indians of the Jocko reservation, Flathead agency, Montana, December 1890, and January 1891. Names of Indian tribes or parts of tribes occupying said reservation:1 Bitter Root, Carlos band, Flathead, Kutenay, Lower Kalispal, and Pend d’Oreille. The unallotted area of this reservation is 1,433,600 acres, or 2,240 square miles. The reservation has been partly surveyed. It was established, altered, or changed by treaty of July 16, 1855 (19 U. S. Stats., p. 075). Indian population 1890: Pend d’Oreilles, Pmt nays, and Flatheads, 1,608; Carlos band and Bitter Root Flatheads, 146; Lower Kalispel, 57; total, 1,811. Jocko Agency The agency is situated in the southwestern portion of the Jocko Valley, which is 10 to 12 miles long and 5 to 6 miles wide. The mountains on either side are heavily timbered with white pine, very large and straight. The Indians are nearly all Roman Catholics. There is a neat little church at the agency, which is well attended. Nearly all of these Indians are self-supporting, with good farms well fenced and substantial pine houses. Some, however, live in tepees, especially in summer. Louison, a Flathead or Salish Indian, lives on the agency’s reservation, has a big herd of cattle and horses, and is worth $15,000 or $20,000. Eight per cent only of the Indians of the confederated tribes of the Flatheads, Pend d’Oreilles, and Kutenays are to a more or less extent dependent upon the government for maintenance. Assistance is also rendered to deserving Indians, especially in the matter of implements, clothing, and tools. The provisions and blankets are mostly...

Kalispel Indians

Kalispel Indians. On Pend Oreille River and Lake, Priest Lake, and the lower course of Clark’s Fork. They were said to have extended east-ward to Thompson Lake and Horse Plains and to have hunted over some of the Salmon River country, Canada, and were formerly said to have extended to Flathead Lake and Missoula.

Flathead Indians of Bitter Root Valley Montana

Extracts from Senate Executive Document #231 of the 51st Congress, 1st Session concerning Flathead Indian Allotments in Montana, 1889. In 1890 the United States removed the Flathead Indians from the Bitter Root Valley to the Jocko Reservation in Montana. The Indians who gave their consent to the release of the Flathead lands are listed in this document along with the relating acts and supporting documents that we have found. The Bitter Root Valley Lands These lands lie in nine different townships, the extreme tracts being 24 miles apart. The allotters had the privilege either to accept the land so diminished or to select other lands. Act of June 5, 1872 An act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana. Report Commissioner Garfield, November 15, 1872. (See Annual Report for 1872, p. 109.) The above act is amended as to the payment of the annual installments and the purchase of land provided in section 2 by the act of Feb. 11, 1874, 18 Stat., 15, and as to the lands allotted to individual Indians by the acts of March 2, 1889, post, p. 326, and July 1, 1898, post, p. 667, providing for the sale of such lands with the consent of the allottees and the removal of the Indians to the Jocko Reservation. Carlos’ Agreement Certification of J. D’Aste, S. J. Certification of Michael Revais Transfer of Power of Attorney Certificate supplemental to order of court Second certificate supplemental to order of court Second supplemental order By the act of March 3, 1891, post, p. 437,...

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