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Native American History of Dawson County, Georgia

Dawson County located in northern Georgia. It is part of the Atlanta Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA.) Its county seat is Dawsonville. It is named after William Crosby Dawson, a U.S. Senator from Georgia. The southern terminus of the Appalachian Trail is located in Dawson County at Amicalola State Park. Up until the late 20th century, Dawson County was associated with the illegal moonshine industry and stock car racing, which the moonshine industry spawned. Dawson County is bordered on the north by Fannin County, the northeast by Lumpkin County and the east by Hall County. Forsyth County is located south of Dawson. Cherokee County forms it southwest boundary. Pickens County forms its western boundary. Gilmer County adjoins Dawson on its northwest side. Geology and hydrology Dawson County is located in the Blue Ridge Foothills and Blue Ridge Mountains geological regions, which are characterized by underlying rock strata of igneous and metamorphicized igneous rock. Dawson County contains some small to medium height mountains (for the Southeast.) These mountains do not form continuous ridges. The terrain of most of the county generally consists of rolling hills and valleys or ravines formed by streams. The Blue Ridge Escarpment runs across the northern edge of Dawson. It is characterized by steep slopes, deep ravines and elevations up to 3.620 feet above sea level on the top of Black Mountain. Alluvial flood plains along streams are very narrow, but generally contain very fertile soil. There are a few permanent or seasonal wetlands paralleling the streams. The top soils are thin over most hills and steep slopes, while much deeper near streams. Dawson County was...

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