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Carlos Agreement

Articles of agreement, made this 3rd day of November, A.D. 1889, between Henry B. Carrington, “special disbursing agent in the field,” designated by the Secretary of the Interior to secure the several “consents” of certain of the Flathead Indians to whom patents were issued for lands assigned to them in the Bitter Root Valley, Montana Territory, under the provisions of an act of Congress, approved June 15, A.D. 1872, entitled “An Act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana, or the heirs-at-law of said Indians,” to the appraisement and sale of said lands, under the provisions of an act of Congress, approved March 2, 1889. Of the first part, and the hereditary chief, Charles Victor, sole surviving chief of said Flathead Indians, who alone of the three chiefs then living, viz, Charles, first chief; Arlee, second chief; and Adolph, third chief, did not sign the contract called the Garfield agreement, dated at Jocko Reservation, Flathead Indian Agency, August 27, 1872. Witnesseth, that for himself and his heirs, and as the heir of his father, Eneos Victor, hereditary chief of the Flathead tribe of Indians, deceased, he does hereby consent to the appraisal and sale under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior of the lands assigned to his father, Chief Victor, and to himself, to wit, the S ½, SE ¼ off Sec. 32, T 9 N R 20 W., and the N ½ of NE ¼ of Sec. 5, T 8 N, R 20 W., containing 160.81 acres, and as well also, the...

Certification of Michael Revais

UNITED STATES INDIAN SERVICE FLATHEAD INDIAN AGENCY, Arlee P.O., Mont., December, 1889. The undersigned, a Flathead Indian patentee of land in Bitter Root Valley, now living near the agency, on the Jocko Reservation, Mont., do certify that I acted as guide for General Henry B. Carrington, special agent of the Interior Department, during his negotiations with Chief Carlos and other Indian patentees of lands in Bitter Root Valley, Montana; that I accompanied him to the lands under examination, and upon examination of the “consents” secured to the appraisement and sale of fifty-three tracts, do state as my best conviction and belief that the parties signing the same are the true heirs and representatives of the deceased patentees who said signers answer for is said executed “consents”. MICHAEL (his x mark) REVAIS (Seal) Witnesses: Henry B. Carrington, U.S. Army, Special Agent. Peter Ronan, U.S. Indian...

Certification of J. D’Aste, S. J.

UNITED STATES INDIAN SERVICE FLATHEAD INDIAN AGENCY, Dated Arlee P.O., Mont., December 13, 1889. The undersigned principal of the St. Ignatius Mission School, and for more than twenty years spiritual advisor and pastor of the Flathead Indians in bitter Root Valley, acquainted with their families and their language, hereby certify that I was present at interviews between General Henry B. Carrington, “special disbursing agent in the field” (who has been acting under the orders of the Secretary of the Interior to obtain the consent of Flathead Indian patentees of lands in Bitter Root Valley to the appraisement and sale of said lands), and many of those Indians, including Chief Carlos and the widow of Chief Adolph, and upon examination of the “consents” secured to the appraisement and sale of fifty-three tracts, do state as my best conviction and belief that the parties signing the same are the true heirs and representatives of the deceased patentees whom said signers answer for in said executed “consents”. J. D’ASTE, S.J. (Seal) Witnesses: Henry B. Carrington (Seal) J. Paquin, S.J....

Transfer of Power of Attorney

Know all men by these presents that I have appointed my brother, Alexander Matte, of the Flathead Indians, living on the reservation of said tribe known as the Jocko Reservation, my good and lawful attorney in fact to transact business for me and my name during my absence, and especially to execute any and all legal papers that may be necessary with view to the appraisal and sale of my landing Bitter Root Valley derived by patent from the United States, viz., E ½ NW ¼ and W ½ NE ¼, Sec. 26, T 9 R 20 W., containing 160 acres, more of less, hereby confirming whatever my said attorney may do for me and in my name, the same as if I were personally present and did the same. BATTISE (his x mark) MATTE. (Seal) Witnesses: Thos. E. Adams (Seal) Peter Ronan, U.S. Indian Agent Jocko Reservation, October,...

Second supplemental order

On the relation of the United States, by Henry B. Carrington, its agent and attorney for certain Flathead Indians-Before district court of Missoula County, Mont. It appearing that Henry B. Carrington, relater on behalf of the United States respecting guardians for minor heirs of certain Flathead Indians, has filed a second certificate, such was directed by order of this court in such case provided, showing the designation and action of Chief Carlos Victor of said tribe of Indians, as guardian of his minor son Victor, the grandson of Widow Pallicino, by his first wife Margarite, since deceased, it is ordered that the action in said behalf, as set forth in said certificate, be confirmed, the same to have full force and effect, which belongs to the original order in this case made respecting guardians and minors therein set forth, December 20, 1889. C.S. MARSHALL, Judge of fourth Judicial District court, State of Montana. STATE OF MONTANA, County of Missoula, ss: I do hereby certify the above and foregoing to be a full, true and complete copy of a petition filled, and the order of said district court thereon, made and entered in the order book of said court on the 20th day of December, 1889. Given under my hand and the seal of said curt this 20th day of December, 1889. (Seal) JNO. L. SLOCUM, Clerk. By William Landers, Deputy...

Second certificate supplemental to order of court

On the relation of the United States, by Henry B. Carrington, agent, attorney, etc;-in the district court, Missoula county.- Pursuant to an order of court entered December 7, 1889, I do hereby certify that Chief Carlos Victor, of the Flathead tribe of Indians, the grandfather of Victor, minor son of said Charles Victor, by Margret Pallicino, only daughter of widow Pallicino, a Flathead Indian patentee, deceased, has acted as guardian of said minor and executed his consent to the sale of the lands patented to the grandmother aforesaid, the mother of said Victor having also deceased. HENRY B. CARRINGTON, Agent and Attorney for the United States And for the Flathead Indians...

Certificate supplemental to order of court

On the relation of the United States, by Henry B. Carrington, agent, attorney, etc.,-on the district court, Missoula County. Pursuant to an order of court entered December 7, 1889, touching guardians for certain Indians theretofore appointed and thereafter to be appointed, I do hereby certify that Rev. J. D’Aste, of St. Ignaius Mission, by virtue of said order, has acted as guardian for Moses and Narcisse (Delaware minor children of Delaware Jim, deceased), as a guardian of Anna, John, and Julia Curren, grandchildren of Widow Maltius, and Indian allotee of Indian land, deceased; also as guardian of Louis, who also signed, although a minor of mature years. Also that Mary Arlee, widow of Chief Arlee, acted as guardian for her minor grandchildren, Joseph and Mary. Also that Thomas Adams, father of Eneos and Louise, great-grandchildren of Chief Adoph, and Indian patentee, acted as guardian for his said children. Also that Madaline, widow of Enous, son f Chief Adolph, acted as guardian for her daughter Katherine. Also that Aurietta, widow of Bapttise Merengo, Indian patentee, deceased, acted as guardian for Luc and Battice, minor children of said patentee. Also that Sophie Merango, mother of Louis (Nishan) Merango acted as guardian for heirs, as for her step-son Frank, son of her deceased husband by a former wife. And said action made is hereby filled pursuant to the order of court aforesaid. Henry B. Carrington Agent and Attorney for the United States And for the Flathead Indians aforesaid. On the relation of the United States, by Henry B. Carrington, its agent and attorney for certain Flathead Indians.-Before the district court of Missoula...

June 5, 1872 Act

Chapter 308 June 5, 1872. 17 Stat., 226. An act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be the duty of the President, as soon as practicable, to remove the Flathead Indians, (whether of full or mixed bloods,) and all other Indians connected with said tribe, and recognized as members thereof, from Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana, to the general reservation in said Territory, (commonly known as the Jocko reservation,) which by a treaty concluded at Hell Gate, in the Bitter-Root Valley, July sixteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, and ratified by the Senate March eighth, eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, between the United States and the confederated tribes of Flathead, Kootenai, and Pend d’Oreille Indians, was set apart and reserved for the use and occupation of said confederated tribes. SEC. 2 That as soon as practicable after the passage of this act, the surveyor-general of Montana Territory shall cause to be surveyed, as other public lands of the United States are surveyed, the lands in the Bitter-Root Valley lying above the Lo-Lo Fork of the Bitter-Root River; and said lands shall be open to settlement, and shall be sold in legal subdivisions to actual settlers only, the same being citizens of the United States, or having duly declared their intention to become such citizens, said settlers being heads of families, or over twenty-one years of age, in quantities not exceeding one hundred and...

Feb. 11, 1874 Act

Chapter 25 Feb. 11, 1874. 18 Stat., 15. An act to amend the act entitled “An act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana,” approved June fifth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the time of sale and payment of pre-empted lands in the Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana, is hereby extended for the period of two years from the expiration of the time allotted in the act entitled “An act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter-Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana,” approved June fifth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two. SEC. 2 That the benefit of the homestead act is hereby extended to all the settlers on said lands who may desire to take advantage of the same. Approved, February 11, 1874. NOTE.—The time allotted by the act of 1872 was within twenty-one months from the date of settlement or of passage of the act of June 5,...

Mar. 2, 1889 Act

An act to provide for the sale of lands patented to certain members of the Flathead band of Indians in Montana Territory, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior, with the consent of the Indians severally, to whom patents have been issued for lands assigned to them in the Bitter Root Valley, in Montana Territory, under the provisions of an act of Congress approved June fifth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, entitled “An act to provide for the removal of the Flathead and other Indians from the Bitter Root Valley, in the Territory of Montana,” or the heirs at law of such Indians, be, and he hereby is, authorized to cause to be appraised and sold, in tracts not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres, all the lands allotted and patented to said Indians; said lands shall be appraised as if in a state of nature, but the enhanced value thereof, by virtue of the settlement and improvement of the surrounding country, shall be considered in ascertaining their value: Provided, That the improvements thereon shall be appraised separate and distinct from land: Provided, further, That where any such patentee has died leaving no heirs, the lands and improvements of such deceased patentee shall be appraised and sold in like manner for the common benefit of the tribe to which said patentee belonged. SEC. 2 That after the appraisement herein authorized shall have been completed, and after due notice, the Secretary of the Interior shall offer said lands for...
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